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A Defense of Minimalist Liberalism

Richard Rorty

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Most people nowadays believe both that a free society is one in which citizens participate in government, and that it is one in which people are, within the limits Mill defined, left alone to choose ... More


Action In and On a World

John Levi Martin

in The Explanation of Social Action

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199773312
eISBN:
9780199897223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773312.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Chapter 5 investigates three alternatives to the Durkheimian understanding of the nature of the cognitive components to action. The first is the Russian activity school, associated ... More


Truly Understood

Christopher Peacocke

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199239443
eISBN:
9780191717000
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239443.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book argues that truth and reference have a much deeper role in the explanation of meaning and understanding than has hitherto been appreciated. Examination of specific concepts shows that a ... More


Mixed Messages: American Correspondences in Visual and Verbal Practices

Catherine Gander and Sarah Garland (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784991500
eISBN:
9781526115003
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784991500.001.0001
Subject:
Art, Art History

Mixed Messages presents and interrogates ten distinct moments from the arts of nineteenth, twentieth and twenty-first century America where visual and verbal forms blend and clash. Charting ... More


Faith and Virtue

Paul Helm

in Faith with Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256631
eISBN:
9780191698330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256631.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

According to the evidential proportion view, the strength of trust in an object of trust ought to be proportioned to the strength of belief. This chapter applies this view to the problem of the ... More


Pragmatism

Sotirios A. Barber and James E. Fleming

in Constitutional Interpretation: The Basic Questions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195328578
eISBN:
9780199855339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328578.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Leading pragmatists including Stanley Fish and Richard Posner have argued that the philosophic approach is fruitless because moral philosophy is a fruitless activity; indeed, they have challenged the ... More


Truth and the Convergence of Opinion

Christopher Hookway

in Truth, Rationality, and Pragmatism: Themes from Peirce

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256587
eISBN:
9780191597718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256586.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is an extended discussion of Peirce's definition of truth as that on which inquiry is fated to converge. A detailed examination of how this thesis is to be formulated is followed by a ... More


Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Phaedra Daipha

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This book draws on a two-year ethnography of forecasting operations at the National Weather Service (NWS) to theorize decision-making in action. Contrary to popular wisdom, weather forecasters are ... More


Epilogue

Irving Singer

in George Santayana: Literary Philosopher

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300080377
eISBN:
9780300128536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300080377.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book concludes by discussing the consequences of studying Santayana. The author's increased acquaintance with Santayana's philosophy started when he returned to Harvard. One of the main reasons ... More


Realism in Epistemology

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Epistemological realism claims that it is possible to obtain knowledge about mind‐independent reality. Critical realism accepts fallibilism as a via media between scepticism and dogmatism: scientific ... More


Pragmatism in Cambridge, 1867–1923

Bruce Kuklick

in A History of Philosophy in America: 1720-2000

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199260164
eISBN:
9780191597893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260168.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The most successful idealistic response to Darwin occurred in Cambridge, Massachusetts and, soon thereafter, at Harvard University. At first promoted by a group of amateurs in ‘the Metaphysical ... More


Pragmatism at Harvard, 1878 –1913

Bruce Kuklick

in A History of Philosophy in America: 1720-2000

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199260164
eISBN:
9780191597893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260168.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although Charles Peirce never secured an appointment at Harvard, in 1872 his friend William James did, and made the institution known for a peculiar variant of pragmatism. James gathered around him a ... More


Peircean Enquiry: Knowledge Without Truth

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Thinking about Knowing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251339
eISBN:
9780191598326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251339.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Devoted to an explicit exploration of the relationships between knowledge and truth. Opens with a critique of reliabilist externalist views of epistemic justification and defends the ... More


Inquiry: The Fixation of Belief

C. J. Misak

in Truth and the End of Inquiry: A Peircean Account of Truth

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270590
eISBN:
9780191603174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270597.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that Peirce’s account of inquiry has a sane empiricism at its core: inquirers aim to get beliefs that fit with experience, broadly construed. When a belief, which has come into ... More


Pragmatism and Reference

David Boersema

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026604
eISBN:
9780262268882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026604.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Despite a recent revival of interest in pragmatist philosophy, most work in the analytic philosophy of language ignores insights offered by classical pragmatists and contemporary neopragmatists. This ... More


Pragmatism and Change of View

Isaac Levi

in Pragmatism and Inquiry: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199698134
eISBN:
9780191742323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698134.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

Foundationalists require that (1) current beliefs be justified and there (2) should be self-certified first principles and premises. Antifoundationalists reject (2) but typically endorse (1). ... More


Introduction: Decision Making under Uncertainty

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

After outlining the gaps and limitations of the mainstream models of decision-making used in cognitive psychology, behavioral economics, and organization studies, this chapter advocates for a ... More


Method and Metaphysics: Pragmatist Doubts

Björn Ramberg

in Dialogues with Davidson: Acting, Interpreting, Understanding

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015561
eISBN:
9780262295796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015561.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the nature of the pragmatist critique of metaphysics, of which Davidson has been an important source of inspiration. It begins by expanding on the claim that Davidson is easily ... More


Pragmatism and Methodological Rhetoric

Albert E. Moyer

in A Scientist's Voice in American Culture: Simon Newcomb and the Rhetoric of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076891
eISBN:
9780520912137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076891.003.0013
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The intellectual and cultural world of the American pragmatists provides a telling historical context in which to place Newcomb's pronouncements on method; each sheds light on the other. Beyond the ... More


The Ethical Republic

Trygve Throntveit

in Power without Victory: Woodrow Wilson and the American Internationalist Experiment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226459875
eISBN:
9780226460079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226460079.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter looks at Woodrow Wilson's efforts to relate the world's states more closely, through an adaptive polity embodying the pragmatists' egalitarian, deliberative, experimental ethos. The ... More


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