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The Categorical Imperative and Kant's Conception of Practical Rationality

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter outlines an explanation of how Kant grounds morality in reason. It argues that all rational choice is guided by normative considerations (reasons with normative force for the agent). In ... More


Evaluations of Rationality

Sigrún Svavarsdóttir

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter works from the guiding idea that rationality is the excellence of a rational agent qua rational, and goes on to defend a neo-Humean conception of evaluations of theoretical and practical ... More


Agent‐Based Practical Reason

Michael Slote

in Morals from Motives

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138375
eISBN:
9780199833696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138376.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Practical reason or rationality can be understood in agent‐based terms. Strength of purpose, for example, can be internally characterized, and the rationality of the courage to face facts and not ... More


Introduction

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The Introduction discusses the puzzling aspects of morality in relation to self-interest. It also talks about the part played by prudence. Prudence is not a constraint, but rather an expression of ... More


The Value of Living Well

Mark LeBar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199931118
eISBN:
9780199345717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931118.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Since the middle of the twentieth century, virtue ethics has enriched the range of philosophical approaches to normative ethics, often drawing on the work of the ancient Greeks, who offered accounts ... More


Rationality in Thought and Action

Robert Audi

in Rationality and Religious Commitment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609574
eISBN:
9780191731822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609574.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a short version of a theory of rationality developed by the author over many years. It considers both theoretical rationality (the kind central in epistemology and focusing ... More


EUDAIMONIA AND PRACTICAL RATIONALITY

PAUL BLOOMFIELD

in Virtue and Happiness: Essays in Honour of Julia Annas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646043
eISBN:
9780191743368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646043.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The two most prominent modern theories of practical rationality, the Humean and the Kantian, both fall prey to what Sidgwick calls ‘the fundamental dualism of practical rationality’. Hume ... More


Rational and Irrational Beliefs from an Evolutionary Perspective

David Sloan Wilson

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the relationship between factual and practical rationality from an evolutionary perspective. Among its arguments are that rationality cannot be defined, at the outset, as both ... More


Sympathy for the Devil

Kieran Setiya

in Desire, Practical Reason, and the Good

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195382440
eISBN:
9780199870158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382440.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

When we act intentionally, do we act “under the guise of the good”? Must we see some value in what we are doing, or take our reasons to provide some justification for doing it? Debate about these ... More


Trying, Deserving, Succeeding

Thomas Hurka

in Perfectionism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101164
eISBN:
9780199833276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101162.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapters 8–10 discuss the measurement of individual perfections, especially the theoretical and practical perfection that realize theoretical and practical rationality. This chapter introduces the ... More


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