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New Growth Approach to Poverty Alleviation

Philippe Aghion and Beatriz Armendáriz de Aghion

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay attempts to break the divide between growth and development economics. Using the example of India over the past decades, it argues that innovation and/or productivity growth have been main ... More


Transfers and Safety Nets in Poor Countries: Revisiting the Trade-Offs and Policy Options

Martin Ravallion

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay examines the role of targeted transfers in poor countries in the light of the new theories on the social costs of unmitigated inequalities and uninsured risks. Recognizing that the policy ... More


The Growth Elasticity of Poverty

Rasmus Heltberg

in Growth, Inequality, and Poverty: Prospects for Pro-poor Economic Development

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199268658
eISBN:
9780191600876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268657.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

How much does economic growth contribute to poverty reduction? The discussion is analytical, and empirical approaches assess the poverty elasticity of growth; the emphasis is that the relationship ... More


Mutual Interdependence between Elites and the Poor

Chipiliro Kalebe-Nyamongo

in The Role of Elites in Economic Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659036
eISBN:
9780191749032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659036.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There has been a growing recognition that politics matters in the distribution of resources in society. However, attempts to use a political economy ‘lens’ with which to explore causes of poverty and ... More


Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers: Bold New Approach to Poverty Eradication or Old Wine in New Bottles?

Sarah Wamala, Ichiro Kawachi, and Besinati Phiri Mpepo

in Globalization and Health

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on poverty reduction strategy papers (PRSPs). PRSPs were introduced by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) in September 1999 as a new requirement for countries ... More


Human Rights and Development: Towards Mutual Reinforcement

Philip Alston and Mary Robinson (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199284627
eISBN:
9780191700316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284627.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Environmental and Energy Law

For several decades after the UN Charter insisted that the promotion of development and human rights were central to post-World War II conceptions of world order, the two fields remained in virtual ... More


Economic Resurgence, Lopsided Reform and Jobless Growth

VIJAY JOSHI

in Diversity and Change in Modern India: Economic, Social and Political Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264515
eISBN:
9780191734403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264515.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses the economic growth of India after gaining its independence. It shows that there was growth and poverty reduction after 1980 and looks at the concept of macroeconomic balance. ... More


Income Distribution, Poverty, and Environmental Problems

Yujiro Hayami and Yoshihisa Godo

in Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199272709
eISBN:
9780191602870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272700.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Growing inequality and environmental degradation are two serious problems that developing economies will have to face in their economic growth processes geared for reducing absolute poverty. These ... More


Human Rights and Poverty Reduction Strategies: Moving Towards Convergence?

Gobind Nankani, John Page, and Lindsay Judge

in Human Rights and Development: Towards Mutual Reinforcement

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199284627
eISBN:
9780191700316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284627.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter analyzes the interface between human rights and the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) initiative, aiming to determine both commonalities as well as points of departure between the ... More


Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Sabina Alkire

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The author examines how Amartya Sen's capability approach can be coherently—and practically—put to work in participatory poverty reduction activities so that the voices and values of the poor matter. ... More


Protected Areas: Science, Policy, and Management to Meet the Challenges of Global Change in the Twenty-First Century

Kenton R. Miller and Charles Victor Barber

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter argues that while about 12% of the world's land surface area (about 17 million km2) has been officially “protected”, the challenge of the 21st century is to make these protected areas ... More


Poverty and Human Development

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Each of the four chapters of Part I of the book synthesizes one aspect that must be specified in the operationalization of the capability approach, then proposes a framework for doing so. The issue ... More


Basic Needs and Basic Capabilities

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Each of the four chapters of Part I of the book synthesizes one aspect that must be specified in the operationalization of the capability approach, then proposes a framework for doing so. This fifth ... More


From Humanitarian Assistance to Poverty Reduction in Angola

MÁrio Adauta De sousa, Tony Addison, BjÖrn Ekman, and Åsa Stenman

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses how to focus public policy on poverty reduction during wartime and in peace. It begins by discussing poverty and income inequality in Angola. It then discusses the need for ... More


Selecting Priorities for Poverty Reduction and Human Development in Ethiopia

Arne Bigsten

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on setting priorities for poverty reduction in the context of Ethiopia and its very limited resources. It begins by discussing the macroeconomic situation and the pattern of ... More


Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers within the Human Rights Perspective

Frances Stewart and Michael Wang

in Human Rights and Development: Towards Mutual Reinforcement

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199284627
eISBN:
9780191700316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284627.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter outlines how far the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) exercise, which covers many very poor countries and involves significant resources, adds to the realization of human rights, ... More


Material Deprivation, the EU 2020 Poverty Target, and the Developmentof Social Indicators

Brian Nolan and Christopher T. Whelan

in Poverty and Deprivation in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199588435
eISBN:
9780191731327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588435.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the use of material deprivation indicators in monitoring progress and setting targets to reduce poverty in Europe. It highlights some key implications of the approaches and ... More


The Role and Performance of the IMF in Aid to Low‐Income Countries: Lessons from Evaluation

Joanne Salop

in Finance, Development, and the IMF

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199239863
eISBN:
9780191716805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239863.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the treatment of aid to Sub-Saharan Africa in programs supported by the IMF's Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), along with relevant Fund policies and communications. ... More


Introduction: Capability and Valuation

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Starts with an overview of the problem of capability and valuation in the context of Amartya Sen's capability approach. It describes the book as an attempt to operationalize the capability approach, ... More


The Role of the IMF in Low‐Income Countries: An Institutional Approach

Domenico Lombardi

in Finance, Development, and the IMF

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199239863
eISBN:
9780191716805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239863.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter elaborates on the role of the IMF in support of its low-income members, pointing to the global character of the institution and to its superior ability — due to the multilateral nature — ... More


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