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NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon Friesen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The electrical membrane potential is an important property for the functioning of living cells. Temporal variations of this potential generated by synaptic interactions and expressed as nerve ... More


Equations Underlying the Soma Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Soma model illustrates the origins of the membrane potential based on the parallel conductance model, with the capacitor not included in the simulation. In addition, none of the membrane ... More


Soma Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Soma model simulates the origin of the resting potential in nerve cells. Because this model demonstrates steady-state conditions, or slow changes in the steady state, the membrane capacitance is ... More


Axon Models

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Axon model simulates the equations and parameters derived from experiments by Hodgkin and Huxley on the squid giant axon. Because of the exact correspondence between the equations incorporated ... More


Equations Underlying the Axon Models

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Axon models present the fundamental concepts that underlie the generation and propagation of the nerve impulses. This chapter includes a complete list of the equations that describe the ... More


Electric Fields of the Brain: The neurophysics of EEG

Paul L. Nunez and Ramesh Srinivasan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195050387
eISBN:
9780199865673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195050387.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This text is the second edition of this book. It expands the widely acclaimed 1981 book, filling more gaps between EEG and the physical sciences. EEG opens a “window on the mind” by finding new ... More


The Book of Evidence

Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What is required for a fact to be evidence for a hypothesis? In this book Achinstein introduces four concepts of evidence, which he calls potential, veridical, epistemic‐situation, and subjective. He ... More


Interatomic Forces in Condensed Matter

Mike Finnis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509776
eISBN:
9780191709180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509776.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

There is a continuing growth of interest in the computer simulation of materials at the atomic scale, using a variety of academic and commercial computer programs. In all such programs there is some ... More


The Sources and Temporal Dynamics of Scalp Electric Fields

Christoph M. Michel and Daniel Brandeis

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter focuses on the spatiotemporal aspects of the electroencephalography (EEG), and discusses the most important findings concerning the oscillations and the temporal dynamics of electrical ... More


Theories of Molecular Reaction Dynamics: The Microscopic Foundation of Chemical Kinetics

Niels E. Henriksen and Flemming Y. Hansen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199203864
eISBN:
9780191708251
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203864.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book deals with a central topic at the interface of chemistry and physics — the understanding of how the transformation of matter takes place at the atomic level. Building on the laws of ... More


Green's functions and retarded potentials

Mauro Fabrizio and Morro Angelo

in Electromagnetism of Continuous Media: Mathematical Modelling and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527008
eISBN:
9780191713316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527008.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter gives a concise and self-contained presentation of the use of Green’s functions to solve linear problems with a given point source. Specific functions are determined for the harmonic ... More


Accretion onto a Black Hole

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter explores the ways that accretion onto a black hole produces energy and radiation. As material falls into a gravitational potential well, energy is transformed from gravitational ... More


Investor Management

Roderick Martin, Peter D. Casson, and Tahir M. Nisar

in Investor Engagement: Investors and Management Practice under Shareholder Value

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202607
eISBN:
9780191707896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202607.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Managers seek to manage their relations with investors, as with other stakeholders. This chapter outlines three elements in managerial handling of investors. The first is the role of the board of ... More


Physiology: Synaptic Potentials and Receptor Potentials

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details early studies on synaptic and reception potentials. After excitability, the second key property of nerve cells is the action that occurs at the synapses between cells. This is ... More


Progress

Michael Foley

in American Credo: The Place of Ideas in US Politics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199232673
eISBN:
9780191716362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232673.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the importance of progress in American society. Change is conceived as being largely synonymous with vitality, purpose, and direction, and is viewed as an integral and ... More


Paediatric vision testing

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes some of the methods used for testing vision in infants and young children in research and clinical assessment, including behavioural measures from observing eye movements ... More


Territoriality in odonates

Jukka Suhonen, Markus J. Rantala, and Johanna Honkavaara

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses causes and consequences of territorial behaviour in odonates. In territorial species, males may use two mating tactics or strategies that may be environmentally or genetically ... More


Envoi

Kenneth C. Calman

in The Potential for Health

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629449
eISBN:
9780191723674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629449.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This short end piece provides a personal view on the importance of health and what is needed to change it. It emphasises public and patient participation, and returns to the title and the word ... More


Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Human Comprehension

Tatiana Sitnikova, Phillip J. Holcomb, and Gina R. Kuperberg

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of evidence for distinctions between two semantic comprehension systems in the language domain: a system that maps the perceived information on graded semantic ... More


Motor Unit Potential Studies

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The discharge of an anterior horn cell causes an action potential to travel down its axon, producing an almost synchronous depolarization of the muscle fibers it innervates. This physiologic unit is ... More


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