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Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Ishtiyaque Haji

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To have free will with respect to an act is to have the ability both to perform and to refrain from performing it. This book argues that no one can have practical reasons of a certain sort—“objective ... More


Conclusion

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The final chapter summarizes the book’s principal argument and it draws some general conclusions.


Possibility, Actuality, Necessity

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued, using the Entailment Principle, that for any contingent truth, the truthmaker for the truth is also a truthmaker for the possibility that it is false. This may be called the Possibility ... More


Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Srinivasa Rao

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The book proposes a contemporary framework for critiquing Advaita and formulating its basic thesis in a more logical and convincing way. Any proper theory in philosophy and science has to follow from ... More


Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Wallace Matson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

After a Darwinian-type account of what beliefs are and how they arose in animals acting to cope with their environments–“low beliefs,” virtually all of which are true–Professor Matson shows how the ... More


Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Bob Hale and Aviv Hoffmann (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The philosophy of modality investigates necessity and possibility, and related notions — are they objective features of mind-independent reality? If so, are they irreducible, or can modal facts be ... More


Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action

Gideon Yaffe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199268559
eISBN:
9780191601415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926855X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Manifest Activity examines Thomas Reid's efforts to provide answers to a host of traditional philosophical questions concerning the nature of the will, the powers of human beings, motivation, and the ... More


Free Will and Luck

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305043
eISBN:
9780199786015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305043.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book aims to help readers think more clearly about free will. It identifies and makes vivid the most important conceptual obstacles to the justified belief in the existence of free will, and ... More


A Method of Modal Proof In Aristotle

Jacob Rosen and Marko Malink

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume 42

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644384
eISBN:
9780191743344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644384.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In Prior Analytics 1. 15, Aristotle states the following rule of modal logic, which we may call the possibility rule: given the premiss that A is possible, and given a derivation of B from A, it can ... More


Passage and Possibility: A Study of Aristotle's Modal Concepts

Sarah Waterlow

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246565
eISBN:
9780191681011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246565.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book attempts to expound on Aristotle's views on time and modality. The term ‘attempt’ is used because on either subject Aristotle's thoughts are amongst his least accessible. In the relevant ... More


Impossible Worlds (1984)

Nathan Salmon

in Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning: Philosophical Papers, Volume I

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284719
eISBN:
9780191603235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284717.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It is argued, against Randolph Carter, that if there are merely possible worlds, then indeed there are also impossible worlds. Worlds are things, but impossible worlds are not impossible things. A ... More


Metaphysics and the Good: Themes from the Philosophy of Robert Merrihew Adams

Samuel Newlands and Larry M. Jorgensen (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199542680
eISBN:
9780191715396
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542680.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Molinist posits ‘brutely true’ conditionals about what individuals would or will do if put in certain circumstances (called the Molinist's conditionals ‘conditionals of freedom’ or ‘CFs’) The ... More


Conclusion

Sarah Waterlow

in Passage and Possibility: A Study of Aristotle's Modal Concepts

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246565
eISBN:
9780191681011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246565.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the charge that Aristotle merges modal with extensional concepts is baseless. His doctrines A' and B' link possibility and necessity with realization at some and at all ... More


The Possibility of Metaphysics: Substance, Identity, and Time

E. J. Lowe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244997
eISBN:
9780191597930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244995.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Begins with a defence of realist metaphysics against its many enemies. Metaphysics, it is argued, is an autonomous and indispensable intellectual discipline whose distinctive task is to chart the ... More


 The Skeptical Challenge

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the idea that it is mistaken to suppose that there is a genuinely philosophical problem of experience at all. According to one version of the challenge, the problem should be ... More


 A Posteriori Entailment

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents the view that the supervenience of the experiential on the non-experiential is irreducibly a posteriori — the a posteriori entailment view. The main problem for this view ... More


Chapter 12: Modal Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle now turns his attention to assertions involving the ideas of necessity and possibility, and examines how they should be arranged into their correct contradictory pairs. Here, he argues, the ... More


Interest‐Relative Invariantism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains and develops a version of Interest-Relative Invariantism about knowledge, according to which whether or not someone knows that p at a certain time depends in part on what is at ... More


Epistemic Modality

Andy Egan and Brian Weatherson (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199591596
eISBN:
9780191729027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591596.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book contains chapters on epistemic modality by top researchers in the area. Several chapters about the question of what kind of possibilities epistemic possibilities ask: What kind of a ... More


Intuition and Modal Error

George Bealer

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Modal intuitions are not only the primary source of modal knowledge but also the primary source of modal error. An explanation of how modal error arises — and, in particular, how erroneous modal ... More


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