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Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Andrew Mason

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

‘Equality of opportunity for all’ is a fine piece of political rhetoric but the ideal that lies behind it is slippery. Some see it as an alternative to a more robust form of egalitarianism, whilst ... More


Fingering

Heinrich Schenker

in The Art of Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151510
eISBN:
9780199871582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151510.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

By means of numerous examples, this chapter shows that fingering, rather than merely facilitating the execution of a figure or passage, should be used as a tool to express the musical meaning behind ... More


Introduction: The Best of Times, The Worst of Times

Debra L. Dodson

in The Impact of Women in Congress

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780198296744
eISBN:
9780191603709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296746.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Drawing on the strikingly different records of the 103rd and 104th Congresses — congresses in which women’s proportional presence was roughly similar — this introduction to Part I highlights the ... More


Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book is an exploration of the relation between knowledge, reasons, and justification. According to the primary argument of the book, you can rely on what you know in action and belief, because ... More


The Simple View

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter begins with an examination of the simple view that equality of opportunity requires open competition for advantaged social positions. It is argued that this idea is not really so simple. ... More


The Desert of the Best Qualified

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the most obvious way of developing a meritocratic account, one in terms of the idea of desert. According to this approach, the best-qualified candidates should be appointed to ... More


Which Rights Should Be Universal?

William Talbott

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this book, William Talbott builds on the work of J.S. Mill, John Rawls, and Jürgen Habermas to develop a new equilibrium model for moral reasoning, in which moral reasoning is primarily bottom-up, ... More


Pleasure and Desire: The Case of Hedonism Reviewed

J. C. B. Gosling

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243397
eISBN:
9780191680670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243397.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book discusses and attempts to clarify the central terms that form the backbone of any hedonist position, with the purpose of seeing why such views are so persistently attractive. It avoids the ... More


Coordinating Advertising Strategy, Branding, and Positioning

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how the firm should coordinate its advertising message, branding, and product positioning strategies. It distinguishs between the short and long runs, single-product and ... More


What is the Impact on Strategy?

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter provides an analytical approach for defining the market. It shows the importance of explicitly evaluating consumer perceptions and perceived product benefits when defining the boundaries ... More


Innovation, New Labour, and the Construction of the Centre

Andrew Hindmoor

in New Labour at the Centre: Constructing Political Space

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199273140
eISBN:
9780191601897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273146.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines how New Labour sought to distinguish itself from Old Labour and the Conservatives by developing its policies as innovative. New Labour constructed its position at the political ... More


Mandate Theories: Government and Median

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The argument of Chapter One is spelled out in more detail in terms of propositional tables and accompanying discussion. These show the considerable overlap in the conditions for any mandate to exist, ... More


Mandates Without Obvious Majorities?

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The government mandate in its full form fails descriptively because few spontaneous majorities form in support of one party, and there is no guarantee that the plurality party is not actually opposed ... More


From Declared to Actual Policy: Short‐Term Influences on Government Policies

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Manifestoes and declarations state priorities for policy rather than getting down to the nitty-gritty. Actual decision-making involves the allocation of scarce resources, and this is examined in this ... More


Issue Voting

Bernt Aardal and Pieter van Wijnen

in The European Voter: A Comparative Study Of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199273218
eISBN:
9780191602962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273219.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The main research question in this chapter is to what extent and how voters’ perceptions of important issues affect the outcome of the election. The analyses clearly demonstrate that issue voting ... More


Introduction

Caroline Johnson Hodge

in If Sons, Then Heirs: A Study of Kinship and Ethnicity in the Letters of Paul

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182163
eISBN:
9780199785612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182163.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This introductory chapter lays the groundwork for the rest of the study by articulating the thesis of the book and then addressing several key issues. The book argues for a new way to read kinship ... More


Some Possible Positions on Psychological Reality

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter describes possible positions on psychological reality, on linguistic competence, that vary according to whether or not the rules of the language are embodied in the mind; to whether or ... More


Utilitarianism

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

If some external enforcement agency compels us to honor deals reached in the original position, then Harsanyi has shown that the outcome will be utilitarian. Under the same hypotheses, Rawls claims ... More


Egalitarianism

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter explores the consequence of taking Rawls' concerns about the strains of commitment to their logical extreme. If there is no external enforcement at all, so that all agreements must be ... More


Theories and Models of Party Support

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

in Political Choice in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Discusses the theoretical frameworks that guide the empirical analyses in Political Choice in Britain. The sociological framework identifies various aspects of an individual’s social location, such ... More


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