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Evidence for Population Health

Richard Heller

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529743
eISBN:
9780191723919
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529743.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book aims to show the value of developing and applying an evidence base to public health. The application of evidence to clinical practice is well established, and the field of evidence-based ... More


Integrating Positive Psychology Into Epidemiologic Theory: Reflections on Love, Salutogenesis, and Determinants of Population Health

Jeff Levin

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter seeks to integrate the emerging field of positive psychology into epidemiologic theory. It demonstrates that the putative health effects of positive-psychological constructs, exemplified ... More


Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Richard D. Smith and Kara Hanson (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book outlines the key aspects and issues concerning health systems of low- and middle-income countries, recognizing the current global context within which these systems operate and the dynamics ... More


What is evidence for population health?

Richard F. Heller

in Evidence for Population Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529743
eISBN:
9780191723919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529743.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Why do we need to consider evidence for population health and how can it draw on the success of evidence-based medicine? This chapter describes the Population Health Evidence Cycle: Ask, collect; ... More


Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Daniel J. Friedman, Edward L. Hunter, and R. Gibson Parrish (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health statistics have been an essential tool for improving the health of populations for centuries. This book provides an account of the essential concepts and complex underpinnings of health ... More


Measuring overall population health: the use and abuse of QALYs

Richard Cookson and Anthony Culyer

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by explaining how Quality Adjusted Life Year (QALY) is produced, setting out the basic arithmetic of the QALY, and then describing how QALYs incorporate evidence on health-related ... More


Defining Health Statistics and Their Scope

R. Gibson Parrish II, Daniel J. Friedman, and Edward L. Hunter

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a definition of health statistics, the purpose of health statistics, and an overview of their many uses. It describes the broad scope of health statistics and a model of ... More


Public health and the burden of disease

John Walley

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.01
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the following topics: What is public health?; Who is involved in public health?; and burden of disease and determinants of disease. Public health is concerned with improving ... More


Conclusion: Obesity and its prevention in the 21st century

David Crawford, Kylie Ball, Robert W. Jeffery, and Johannes Brug

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The case for a preventative approach to the obesity epidemic is compelling. Obesity poses what is arguably one of the most significant threats to population health that is currently faced. The data ... More


Health Surveys: A Resource to Inform Health Policy and Practice

Jennifer H. Madans and Steven B. Cohen

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the various kinds of health surveys that are used to support the development, implementation, and evaluation of health policies and practices, and characterizes each by its ... More


Universal Medical Care and Health Inequalities: Right Objectives, Insufficient Tools

Noralou P. Roos, Marni Brownell, and Verena Menec

in Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179200
eISBN:
9780199864539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179200.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter aims to answer the question: What role does medical care play in determining population health? The Canadian health care system, with its universal medical care coverage, provides an ... More


Introduction

Stephen J. Kunitz

in The Health of Populations: General Theories and Practical Realities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195308075
eISBN:
9780199863846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308075.003.16
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the three issues addressed in this book: (i) the way inherited ideas about industrial growth, economic expansion, social change, and causes of ... More


Food, Nutrition, and Population Health: From Scarcity to Social Inequalities

Lise Dubois

in Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179200
eISBN:
9780199864539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179200.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Nutrition is an important determinant of population health, and social inequalities create nutritional inequalities even in industrialized countries where a wide variety of high-quality food is ... More


Health Statistics in Public Health Practice

John W. Oswald, Daniel J. Friedman, and Margaret Hargreaves

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes key uses of health statistics in public health practice, with an emphasis on state and local practice. Models of public health practice are presented as a framework for ... More


From Health Statistics to Health Information Systems: A New Path for the Twenty-First Century

Charlyn Black, Leslie L. Roos, and Noralou P. Roos

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Many countries are making significant investments to enhance their health statistics capabilities. These involve a range of activities, from renewing traditional data collections and extending their ... More


Globalization

Stephen J. Kunitz

in The Health of Populations: General Theories and Practical Realities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195308075
eISBN:
9780199863846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308075.003.06
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the association between openness to international trade—measured as imports plus exports as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP)—and its consequences for the health of ... More


Social Epidemiologic Alternatives: Sociopolitical and Psychosocial Frameworks

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 6 traces the historical development and explicates the key constructs of the major theoretical alternatives to biomedical and lifestyle approaches: the sociopolitical and psychosocial ... More


Summing Up: Toward a Twenty-First-Century Vision for Health Statistics

Daniel J. Friedman, Edward L. Hunter, and R. Gibson Parrish II

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a cross-cutting summary of previous chapters and a more explicit vision for health statistics in the 21st century. It argues that in order to develop enhanced national health ... More


The epidemiological concept of population

Raj S. Bhopal

in Concepts of Epidemiology: Integrating the ideas, theories, principles and methods of epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199543144
eISBN:
9780191723995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543144.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that the concept of population drives epidemiology and its applications. Population thinking emphasizes that disease patterns are the outcome of the interaction between groups of ... More


Linking and Combining Data to Develop Statistics for Understanding the Population’s Health

Charlyn Black and Leslie L. Roos

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Many U.S. states have recognized the need for reliable data-driven information to plan and implement health-care policy. However, these needs have been difficult to meet because data are typically ... More


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