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The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Christopher Dye

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Despite decades of developments in immunization and drug therapy, tuberculosis remains one of the leading causes of human mortality, and no country has successfully eradicated the disease. ... More


Concepts and Models

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the epidemiology of tuberculosis from the perspective of population biology. The central concept of population biology with reference to TB control is that a population of ... More


Populations and Social Diseases

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter draws together the epidemiological insights that come from population biology and considers the context in which tuberculosis remains a “social disease” in the early twenty-first ... More


Tuberculosis Undefeated

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter provides an empirical account of the evolutionary and epidemiological history of tuberculosis in populations around the world. Much has happened in the population biology of TB since ... More


TB and HIV/AIDS

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the dual epidemic of tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. There have been some major successes in the control of both HIV/AIDS and TB. The discovery and widespread use of antiretroviral ... More


Lessons and Challenges

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book has argued for the reality of a class of biological entities that have a hard time finding their place in a theory of evolution based on genetics and population biology. These entities, or ... More


Conclusions

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book has described a comprehensive framework for thinking about the geography and ecology of species distributions, arguing that such a framework is critical to further progress in the field of ... More


Biology of Amphibian Declines

David M. Green

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter argues that the environmental stressors acting upon populations, especially those stressors of anthropogenic origin, can be better divided into the following three evils: habitat ... More


Genes on the Range: Population Genetics

Kevin J. Rice and Erin K. Espeland

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the population biology and ecological genetics of native species within California grasslands, providing many important insights into the processes of microevolutionary change ... More


Scale and Hierarchy in the Ecology of Stoneflies

Andrew L. Sheldon

in International Advances in the Ecology, Zoogeography, and Systematics of Mayflies and Stoneflies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098688
eISBN:
9780520943803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098688.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explores large-scale patterns of relative diversity across families of stoneflies. It examines three aspects of stonefly ecology including shredding, predation, and population biology ... More


Cradle To Grave: Anole Life History and Population Biology

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the basic aspects of anole population biology and life history and the role of anoles in the ecosystem, discussing reproduction, growth, dispersal, life span and survival rates, ... More


Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

James Estes (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This volume presents a sweeping picture of what we know about the natural history, biology, and ecology of whales in the broad context of the dynamics of ocean ecosystems. The book encompasses ... More


Quantitative, physiological, and molecular genetics of dispersal/migration

Anthony J. Zera and Jennifer A. Brisson

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter shows how dispersal can profoundly influence many aspects of population biology. Dispersal itself can evolve since adaptive differences in dispersal are common among genotypes, ... More


Epidemiology

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses ‘epidemiology’, which in medical literature refers to the field that seeks to identify key correlates for a particular disease. In this book, however, it is the study of ... More


The story of domestication: archaeological and phylogenetic evidence

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199646661
eISBN:
9780191796302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646661.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter focuses on the domestication of dogs. It discusses the human perspective on dog domestication; zooarchaeological and phylogenetic models of dog domestication; and dog domestication from ... More


The Avian Migrant: The Biology of Bird Migration

John Rappole

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146784
eISBN:
9780231518635
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146784.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The purpose of migration, regardless of the distance involved, is to exploit two or more environments suitable for survival or reproduction over time, usually on a seasonal basis. Yet individual ... More


In the wake of buzzards: from modelling to conservation and management in a changing landscape

Eduardo Arraut, David W. Macdonald, and Robert E. Kenward

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 2: Conflict in the countryside

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745501
eISBN:
9780191821776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745501.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

After 600 years of persecution, during which dramatic population fluctuations occurred, common buzzards are increasing in abundance and recolonizing most of lowland UK. But recovery is bringing them ... More


Social behaviour

Daniel T. Blumstein

in Behavioural Responses to a Changing World: Mechanisms and Consequences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602568
eISBN:
9780191810121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602568.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the influence of environmental factors towards social structure and social behaviour. It looks into the variety of impacts of human-induced environmental changes on sociality ... More


Holistic Darwinism: Synergistic Selection and the Evolutionary Process

Peter A. Corning

in Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226116136
eISBN:
9780226116334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116334.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents a critique of Neo-Darwinism and the case for Holistic Darwinism. It discusses the realization of the founding fathers of modern genetics and population biology concerning the ... More


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