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Helping the Poor to Help Themselves: Debt Relief or Aid?

Serkan Arslanalp and Peter Blair Henry

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the central economic question of debt relief: does debt relief work to promote economic growth? This seemingly straightforward question — often taken for granted by debt ... More


Towards a New Modus Operandi of the International Financial System

Daniel Cohen

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The Bretton Woods system was conceived as a fixed exchange rate regime, allowing for a few devaluations, with the IMF supplying a line of credits to countries in ‘transitory’ difficulties. As capital ... More


Chronic Hunger in the World: Impact of International Policies *

Kirit S. Parikh

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 1: Entitlement and Well-being

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286356
eISBN:
9780191718465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286356.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Despite significant progress in terms of food security and human development indicators the substantial problem of chronic undernutrition — an outcome of national and international policies — ... More


Current Quality of Life in Poor Countries

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Illustrates how the concept of current well‐being can be put to work on the contemporary world. I draw upon evidence from the contemporary world's poorest countries to suggest that, interestingly, ... More


Final Thoughts

Barry Eichengreen

in Financial Crises and What to Do About Them

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199257430
eISBN:
9780191698453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257430.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter comments on the international community's crisis prevention and crisis resolution efforts. It suggests that though a variety of initiatives have been successful, two gaps remain. One is ... More


Some Further Perspectives

Agnar Sandmo

in The Public Economics of the Environment

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297987
eISBN:
9780191596858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829798X.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Many types of environmental pollution are international or global; thus, the polluting country may not bear all the costs of pollution, nor may it reap all the benefits from its reduction. This ... More


Making Foreign Investment Safe: Property Rights and National Sovereignty

Louis T. Wells and Rafiq Ahmed

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310627
eISBN:
9780199783847
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310627.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

In the 1990s, inexperienced firms from rich countries jumped directly into huge projects in some of the world's least developed countries. Their investments reflected almost unbridled enthusiasm for ... More


The International Political Economy of Conflict in Poor Countries

Valpy FitzGerald

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Even though armed conflicts in developing countries have not generally been directly conducted by developed states since the early 1980s, they have been strongly influenced by these states, because ... More


The Problems of Commodity Dependence

Mohammad A. Razzaque, Philip Osafa‐Kwaako, and Roman Grynberg

in Commodity Prices and Development

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199234707
eISBN:
9780191715488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234707.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the reliance of least developed countries (LDCs), small vulnerable states (SVS), and heavily indebted poor countries (HIPCs) on commodities for production and export and the ... More


Introduction: Weaving Analysis and Narrative

Ian W. McLean

in Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources of Economic Growth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154671
eISBN:
9781400845439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154671.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This introductory chapter provides an inquiry into why Australia is rich—which adopts a historical approach because the roots of prosperity are embedded in the past. The levels of income observed in ... More


Wealth and Well‐Being

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Develops the concept of sustainable development and shows how it is related to the maintenance of social well‐being through time. It is shown that wealth, estimated in terms of accounting prices, ... More


Internal Wars In Developing Countries: An Empirical Overview of Economic and Social Consequences

Frances Stewart, Cindy Huang, and Michael Wang

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents an empirical overview of some of the economic costs and social costs of civil conflict in the last 25 years. Attention is focused on internal conflict because it has been much ... More


The Costs of War in Poor Countries: Conclusions and Policy Recommendations

Frances Stewart and Valpy FitzGerald

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Many of the poorest economies have been seriously affected by armed conflicts during the past three decades, as shown in this book. In poor countries, the human costs of conflict are not only the ... More


Institutional Responses to Policy Change

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Discusses policy change in the midst of markets and non‐market institutions. Accounting prices are particularly difficult to estimate in non‐market institutions because of an absence of market prices ... More


Paying for the War: Economic Policy in Poor Countries Under Conflict Conditions

Valpy FitzGerald

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Macroeconomic policy in wartime is concerned with reducing human suffering, particularly in poor countries where a large proportion of the population is near or below the poverty line. This chapter ... More


Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Partha Dasgupta

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book explores ways to measure the quality of life, a problem pervading a number of academic disciplines, but not confined to the academic realm. Indices of human well‐being in current use are ... More


Human Development Advocacy for Debt Relief, Aid, and Governance

Henry Northover

in Overcoming Developing Country Debt Crises

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578788
eISBN:
9780191723049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578788.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter emphasizes that there had been a struggle to change creditor government thinking. Despite the HIPC Initiative being a response to popular pressure, the creditor community put human ... More


Strategies of Social Provision: Key Design Issues

SANJAY REDDY

in Social Provision in Low-Income Countries: New Patterns and Emerging Trends

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242191
eISBN:
9780191697050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242191.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

Whether poor countries operate under the supervision of the state, the market, the civil society, or the combination of two or all, there must be sound frameworks for intervention strategies and an ... More


Why the Code of Conduct for Resolving Sovereign Debt Crises Falls Short

Barry Herman

in Overcoming Developing Country Debt Crises

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578788
eISBN:
9780191723049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578788.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter turns our attention to a reform initiative driven by the private financial community in the form of a voluntary code of good conduct that would informally pressure the debtor countries ... More


Ethiopian Debt Policy: The Long Road from Paris Club to the MDGs

Matthew Martin

in Overcoming Developing Country Debt Crises

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578788
eISBN:
9780191723049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578788.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter takes us through the revealing case in point of how Ethiopia's debt burden was lifted. It traces the laborious process that the government underwent in eight separate debt renegotiation ... More


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