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Bringing up a Child

Patricia Crawford

in Parents of Poor Children in England 1580-1800

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199204809
eISBN:
9780191709517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204809.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter focuses on how poor mothers and fathers raised their children, and on what they understood their parental duties to be. It discusses how material circumstances affected their capacity to ... More


Mothers of ‘The Bastard Child’

Patricia Crawford

in Parents of Poor Children in England 1580-1800

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199204809
eISBN:
9780191709517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204809.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines how women reacted to pregnancies and births outside marriage, and what happened to them and their children. It first discusses the legislative context in which women bore their ... More


Concluding Reflections

Patricia Crawford

in Parents of Poor Children in England 1580-1800

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199204809
eISBN:
9780191709517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204809.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This concluding chapter draws together some of the themes discussed in the preceding chapters, reflecting upon the experiences of mothers and fathers who were poor in contrast to those of higher ... More


The Two Roots of Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the planning of the Head Start program. To the planners, the purpose of Head Start was optimal child development, resulting in improved school readiness. The Community Action ... More


Reinventing Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the uncertainties faced by the Head Start program under the Nixon administration and the author's effort to improve Head Start. At the Office of Child Development (OCD), the ... More


The Failed Union of Head Start and Child Care

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes events during the late 1960s and early 1970s that came within a breath of expanding and joining Head Start to a national child care system. This system would have been a giant ... More


The Predawn of Head Start: Beginnings of Early Childhood Intervention

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter considers the elements of the philosophy underlying Head Start's conception and design. Efforts to help poor children's early learning can be traced back at least to the 17th century and ... More


Head Start’s Early Years

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the early years of the Head Start program. As Head Start moved from the drawing board to the set-up phase, it very quickly brought out the best in Americans. Head Start's huge ... More


Deploying the Lessons in Head Start’s History

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the accomplishments of the Head Start program. At the top of the list of Head Start's contributions is the fact that it was the trailblazer for our nation's huge investment in ... More


Head Start’s Golden Years under the Clinton Administration

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under the Clinton administration. President Clinton was just as strong a supporter of Head Start at the end of his administration as he was ... More


Does Head Start Work? Does it Work Enough?

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the performance of the Head Start program. It argues that based on the criteria of eradicating poverty or eliminating the achievement gap, Head Start is clearly a failure. Judged ... More


The Failure of Welfare Reform to Reduce Child Poverty

Duncan Lindsey

in Child Poverty and Inequality: Securing a Better Future for America's Children

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305449
eISBN:
9780199894291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305449.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter examines the impact of welfare reform on child poverty a dozen years after its enactment. It shows that there are more children in poverty, more children receiving food stamps, more ... More


Eliminating Welfare and Reducing Child Poverty

Duncan Lindsey

in Child Poverty and Inequality: Securing a Better Future for America's Children

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305449
eISBN:
9780199894291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305449.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter examines the limitations and flaws of the welfare program, and suggests different approaches to solving child poverty that have been used in most of the other industrialized nations of ... More


Embracing Capitalism:Investing in Our Children

Duncan Lindsey

in Child Poverty and Inequality: Securing a Better Future for America's Children

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305449
eISBN:
9780199894291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305449.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter argues that we need to embrace the mechanism that makes wealth possible — capitalism — and the opportunity and prosperity it provides. More importantly, we need to ensure that all ... More


Child Protection From the Colonial Period to 1875

John E. B. Myers

in Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195169355
eISBN:
9780199893348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169355.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter describes the era before organized child protection, which began in 1875. Prior to that date, many abused and neglected children went without protection, although there was never a time ... More


The Rise and Fall of Welfare for Disadvantaged Children in America

Duncan Lindsey

in The Welfare of Children

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136715
eISBN:
9780199894079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136715.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter traces the rise of the modern welfare system in the United States, and the causes that led to the continued high rates of welfare up to the end of the 20th century. It examines the ... More


The Color of Child Poverty

Duncan Lindsey

in Child Poverty and Inequality: Securing a Better Future for America's Children

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305449
eISBN:
9780199894291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305449.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter examines the current situation of child poverty in the United States. Two major factors define child poverty: single parenthood, and race and ethnicity. The United Nations recently ... More


A Conflict of Cultures

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter details the author's experiences upon becoming director of the Office of Child Development (OCD). Until his arrival in Washington, he had never experienced any sense of inferiority and ... More


Family Prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0022
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter evaluates family-based prevention programs or programs that target risk factors for delinquency and later offending that are associated with the family, such as poor child-rearing, poor ... More


Ronald Reagan “Saves” Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under the Reagan administration. Reagan's conservative views, his disdain for social programs, and his voiced desire for a smaller federal ... More


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