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Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Alex Córdoba-Aguilar (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This book is a collection of nineteen chapters where summaries of major ecological and evolutionary questions have been asked and responded using dragonflies and damselflies as study subjects. Each ... More


Crystallography of the Polymethylene Chain: An Inquiry into the Structure of Waxes

Douglas L. Dorset

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529088
eISBN:
9780191712838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529088.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book describes the solid state behaviour of organic materials based the polymethylene chain, i.e., the functional molecular component of polyethylenes, soaps, detergents, edible fats, lipids, ... More


Temperament and personality

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the difference between temperament and personality in dog behaviour. Although both concepts assume context independent aspects of behaviour, the former is believed to relate ... More


The evolution of sex-limited colour polymorphism

Hans Van Gossum, Tom N. Sherratt, and Adolfo Cordero-Rivera

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Species that exhibit genetic colour polymorphism are ideal for studying the micro-evolutionary forces that maintain genetic variation in nature. One very intriguing polymorphism is the coexistence of ... More


Localized Biologies: Mapping Race and Sickle Cell Difference in French West Africa

Duana Fullwiley

in The Enculturated Gene: Sickle Cell Health Politics and Biological Difference in West Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691123165
eISBN:
9781400840410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691123165.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter chronicles how, in the 1950s, sickle hemoglobin was tested in the blood of various Senegalese ethnic groups to determine the bounded nature of population-based race and ethnic groupings ... More


TESTING FOR THE EXISTENCE OF HOMOMORPHISMS

Pavol Hell and Jaroslav Nešetřil

in Graphs and Homomorphisms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528173
eISBN:
9780191713644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528173.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter explores the algorithmic aspects of graph homomorphisms and of similar partition problems. The highlights include the dichotomy classification of graph homomorphisms to a fixed target ... More


Evolutionary Branching in a Classical Model for Sympatric Speciation

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter begins by considering the Maynard Smith model. Much of this work concentrated on the genetic mechanisms for assortative mating and reproductive isolation, based on the assumption that ... More


Experimental Evolution of Adaptive Diversification in Microbes

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This concluding chapter argues that experimental evolution with microbes has emerged as a very attractive alternative to overcome the problem of long time scales in empirical studies of evolution. ... More


Variation and evolution of reproductive traits in the Mediterranean mosaic

John D. Thompson

in Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515340
eISBN:
9780191705687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515340.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines the population ecology, variability, and evolution of reproductive traits in the spatially heterogeneous Mediterranean mosaic landscape. Three main themes are explored. First, ... More


Immunoglobulin Allotypes as a Marker of Population History in the Southwest Pacific

Moses S. Schanfield, Frank B. Austin, Peter B. Booth, D. Carlton Gajdusek, Richard W. Hornabrook, Keith P. W. McAdams, Jan J. Saave, Susan W. Serjeantson, and Graeme W. Woodfield

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews variations across the region for the single most informative polymorphism from the autosomes, the GM locus. There are over 11,000 samples analyzed for GM from Pacific ... More


Detecting Positive Selection

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Positive natural selection, though rare in comparison with negative selection, is the main evolutionary force responsible for adaptive evolutionary change. Using the neutral theory to generate null ... More


A Systems Approach to the Aging Brain: Neuroanatomic Changes, Their Modifiers, and Cognitive Correlates

Naftali Raz and Kristen M. Kennedy

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Success in diagnosing and treating age-related brain disease depends on understanding normative and optimal aging of the brain. Neuroimaging studies of healthy adults reveal differential brain ... More


Background matching

Graeme D. Ruxton, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528609
eISBN:
9780191713392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528609.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter focuses on how potential prey might avoid being detected by predators by matching their coloration, patterning, and movement to that of the local environment — a mechanism called crypsis ... More


SNPs, HapMap, and common disease

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The extent of single nucleotide polymorphism is reviewed, together with insights gained into the nature of allelic architecture in terms of haplotypes, linkage disequilibrium and recombination. The ... More


Fine scale sequence diversity and signatures of selection

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Genetic diversity observed in human populations provides unique insights into the selective pressures which have shaped our recent evolutionary past. Evidence to support this view is described in ... More


Extreme diversity in the major histocompatibility complex

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The Major Histocompatibility Complex on chromosome 6 encodes a diverse array of genes involved in the immune and inflammatory response. The region is remarkably polymorphic and has been associated ... More


Concluding remarks and future directions

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This final chapter seeks to provide a brief overview of some of the important insights that have been established from work investigating human genetic diversity. The remarkable range of human ... More


Structure and Function of Oligodendrocytes

Arthur M. Butt

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter deals with the morphology of oligodendrocytes. The first section reviews current findings on the morphology of oligodendrocytes and discusses these findings in the context of the ... More


Polydispersity and the paraffin chain—statement of the problem

DOUGLAS L. DORSET

in Crystallography of the Polymethylene Chain: An Inquiry into the Structure of Waxes

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529088
eISBN:
9780191712838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529088.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter introduces the problem of polydispersity for understanding properties of materials containing polymethylene chains. A model has been proposed for the assembly of molecular chains in a ... More


Thermotropic disorder in n-paraffin crystals

DOUGLAS L. DORSET

in Crystallography of the Polymethylene Chain: An Inquiry into the Structure of Waxes

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529088
eISBN:
9780191712838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529088.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter introduces thermally induced disorder in chain packing. A generalization of chain melting points is presented. Temperature-dependent polymorphic progressions are discussed for odd- or ... More


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