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Introduction to neutron powder diffraction

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter opens with brief descriptions of neutrons, powders (polycrystalline materials), and diffraction, followed by an account of how the unique properties of neutrons and their interaction ... More


Anisotropy

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov

in Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Polycrystalline materials give contrast from their grain structure in scanning acoustic micrographs. Bulk wave propagation in anisotropic materials can be calculated from the Christoffel equation. ... More


Mechanical properties

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Ice is a material that exhibits both ductile flow, as in the flow of a glacier, and also brittle fracture, as in the crushing of ice under impact from an icebreaker. This chapter considers ... More


Polycrystalline and amorphous semiconductors

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter discusses two important applications of non-single crystal semiconductors: photovoltaic solar cells and large screen liquid crystal display. The electrical and optical properties of ... More


Introduction

William I. F. David, Kenneth Shankland, Lynne B McCusker, and Christian Baerlocher

in Structure Determination from Powder Diffraction Data

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205530
eISBN:
9780191718076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205530.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter, which assumes a familiarity with basic crystallography, introduces the concept of structure determination from powder diffraction data. It does so by examining the ‘structure ... More


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