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The Political World

Bob Harris

in Politics and the Nation: Britain in the Mid-Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199246939
eISBN:
9780191714566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246939.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter explores the nature and changing conditions of national politics in mid-18th-century England and Wales. Emphasis is placed on the main forces shaping political life, especially party ... More


Parliamentary Oppositional Leadership

John Uhr

in Dispersed Democratic Leadership: Origins, Dynamics, and Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199562992
eISBN:
9780191701856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562992.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Analysts of democracy entertain at least two prospects for dispersed leadership. The first prospect is related to the underlying democratic norm of ‘people power’ with close alignment between norms ... More


The Sources of Opposition Party Strength

Adrienne LeBas

in From Protest to Parties: Party-Building and Democratization in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546862
eISBN:
9780191728594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546862.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Why do we see the emergence of strong, cross-ethnic opposition parties in some democratizing regimes, while opposition parties in other countries remain organizationally underdeveloped and often ... More


Democracies Are Not Created Equal: A Theory of Democratic Constraint

Matthew A. Baum and Philip B. K. Potter

in War and Democratic Constraint: How the Public Influences Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164984
eISBN:
9781400866472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164984.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces a theory of democratic constraint and derives testable hypotheses. Drawing on literatures ranging from principal-agent theory to political communication and crisis bargaining, ... More


Coalition Stories: Cases from the Iraq Coalition

Matthew A. Baum and Philip B. K. Potter

in War and Democratic Constraint: How the Public Influences Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164984
eISBN:
9781400866472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164984.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the decisions of the United Kingdom, Spain, Germany, and Poland regarding whether they would join with the United States in the Iraq coalition, the goal of which was to remove ... More


Democratic Constraint, the Democratic Peace, and Conflict Initiation

Matthew A. Baum and Philip B. K. Potter

in War and Democratic Constraint: How the Public Influences Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164984
eISBN:
9781400866472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164984.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines democratic constraint, democratic peace, and conflict initiation. It begins with a time-series, cross-sectional analysis of conflict initiation in all possible pairs of ... More


Political Opposition and Revolution

Rita Krueger

in Czech, German, and Noble: Status and National Identity in Habsburg Bohemia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195323450
eISBN:
9780199869138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323450.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The last chapter of the book deals with the explicitly political arena by exploring the options for political opposition and the nature of political engagement among the aristocracy. This chapter ... More


Introduction: Looking for Democratic Constraint

Matthew A. Baum and Philip B. K. Potter

in War and Democratic Constraint: How the Public Influences Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164984
eISBN:
9781400866472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164984.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book examines how media and electoral institutions influence the extent of democratic constraint by shaping the flow of information from leaders to citizens. It asks why, when it comes to ... More


Political Opposition and Arab Authoritarianism: Some Conceptual Remarks

Holger Albrecht

in Contentious Politics in the Middle East: Political Opposition under Authoritarianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034744
eISBN:
9780813039077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034744.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

It may seem a bit precarious to apply terms such as political participation, representation, and political opposition to Middle Eastern politics. There are both phenomenological and conceptual ... More


Introduction: Contentious Politics, Political Opposition, and Authoritarianism

Holger Albrecht

in Contentious Politics in the Middle East: Political Opposition under Authoritarianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034744
eISBN:
9780813039077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034744.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This book provides a forum for experts from Europe, the Middle East, and the United States. It consists of a number of case studies, covering the most important countries in these regions, as well as ... More


War and Democratic Constraint: How the Public Influences Foreign Policy

Matthew A. Baum and Philip B. K. Potter

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164984
eISBN:
9781400866472
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164984.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Why do some democracies reflect their citizens' foreign policy preferences better than others? What roles do the media, political parties, and the electoral system play in a democracy's decision to ... More


Cultural Patriotism: Frederick and the Arts

Christine Gerrard

in The Patriot Opposition to Walpole: Politics, Poetry, and National Myth, 1725-1742

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198129820
eISBN:
9780191671869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198129820.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter deals with the controversial myth of Prince Frederick of Wales as a patron of the arts and letters. By 1737, ministerial clitics were accusing George Lyttelton of exploiting his ... More


From Coalition to Opposition The Parliamentary Politics of the Kpd

Patrick Major

in The Death of the KPD: Communism and Anti-Communism in West Germany, 1945-1956

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206934
eISBN:
9780191677397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206934.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter discusses parliamentary politics of the Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands (KPD) in West Germany. The KPD was able to assume some ... More


Who’s Macho, Who’s Gay? Pro- and Anti-Kremlin Activists Gendering Russia’s Political Leadership

Valerie Sperling

in Sex, Politics, and Putin: Political Legitimacy in Russia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199324347
eISBN:
9780199381890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199324347.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Gender and Sexuality

This is the first of three case study chapters on the use of gender norms and sexualization as political tools in Russia. It shows how activists use gender norms and homophobia in their efforts to ... More


The Breakdown of Authority, 1862–1863

Lucy Riall

in Sicily and the Unification of Italy: Liberal Policy and Local Power, 1859-1866

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206804
eISBN:
9780191677311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206804.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines the breakdown of authority in Sicily during the period from 1862 to 1863. When the local government failed to control the disorder caused by the brigands, mafia, and ... More


Judicial Contestation of Policy: Political Parties

in Judging Policy: Courts and Policy Reform in Democratic Brazil

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758116
eISBN:
9780804786799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758116.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter, which examines the opposition political parties' strategic use of judicial contestation of policy in Brazil, describes the Workers' Party's tactical use of the courts while in ... More


A Political Analysis of the Egyptian Judges' Revolt

Mohamed Sayed Said

in Judges and Political Reform in Egypt

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774162015
eISBN:
9781617970993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774162015.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Egypt stands alone in witnessing a strong revolt carried out by the judges. Nowhere else have judges engaged in such a prolonged protest for their independence, whether in another Arab or Islamic ... More


The Virtues of Exit: On Resistance and Quitting Politics

Jennet Kirkpatrick

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635392
eISBN:
9781469635408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635392.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Successful democracies rely on an active citizenry. They require citizens to participate by voting, serving on juries, and running for office. But what happens when those citizens purposefully opt ... More


Anything Goes?

Necati Polat

in Regime Change in Contemporary Turkey: Politics, Rights, Mimesis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781474416962
eISBN:
9781474427098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474416962.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter is on a set of dubious government practices following the regime change, as reflected in the OSCE reports on Turkey elections, in securing success at the ballot box, including the way in ... More


Routine Authoritarian Governance Before the Arab Uprisings: Structuring the Options for Change

Frédéric Volpi

in Revolution and Authoritarianism in North Africa

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190642921
eISBN:
9780190848491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190642921.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter presents the longer-term factors that have been known to shape routine authoritarian governance prior to the Arab uprisings. The notion of routine authoritarian governance emphasizes the ... More


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