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THE MANAGEMENT OF UNCERTAINTY: ORGANIZATIONS AS DECISION-MAKING SYSTEMS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Depending on the degree of goal uncertainty and procedural uncertainty, organizational decision making may follow the bounded rationality model, process model, political model, or anarchic model. ... More


Consolidation: Parliament and Baronial Reform, 1258–1272

J. R. Maddicott

in The Origins of the English Parliament, 924-1327

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199585502
eISBN:
9780191723148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585502.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Political History

This chapter assesses the impact of the baronial reform movement of 1258–65 on the development of parliament. It argues that the reforming barons saw parliament as a public forum and the appropriate ... More


The Twilight of Constitutionalism?

Petra Dobner and Martin Loughlin (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199585007
eISBN:
9780191723469
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585007.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The concepts and values that underpin traditional constitutionalism are increasingly being challenged by political realities that place substantial power beyond the state. Among the few certainties ... More


Framing Democracy: A Behavioral Approach to Democratic Theory

Jamie Terence Kelly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155197
eISBN:
9781400845545
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155197.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The past thirty years have seen a surge of empirical research into political decision making and the influence of framing effects—the phenomenon that occurs when different but equivalent ... More


Dispersed Democratic Leadership

John Kane, Haig Patapan, and Paulʼt Hart

in Dispersed Democratic Leadership: Origins, Dynamics, and Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199562992
eISBN:
9780191701856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562992.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Political decision-making is not only the sole responsibility of constituted government but it is the concern of various individuals and organizations involved in its interests and influence. This ... More


Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

John O. McGinnis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Successful democracies throughout history have used the technology of their time to gather information for better governance. Our challenge is no different today, but it is more urgent because the ... More


Introduction

Colin Copus

in Leading the Localities: Executive Mayors in English Local Governance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719071867
eISBN:
9781781701379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719071867.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter places Tony Blair government's modernisation agenda within the context of arguments about the configuration of local political decision-making. It addresses a number of vital questions ... More


Can Congress Do Policy Analysis?: The Politics of Problem Solving on Capitol Hill

Eric M. Patashnik and Justin Peck

in Does Policy Analysis Matter?: Exploring Its Effectiveness in Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520287396
eISBN:
9780520962538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520287396.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter addresses the issues of using nonpartisan policy analysis within the current US legislative setting. It criticizes some of the earlier studies that assess congressional use of policy ... More


The ambiguity of democracy

Katherine Fierlbeck

in Globalizing Democracy: Power, Legitimacy and the Interpretation of Democratic Ideas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719049958
eISBN:
9781781701416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719049958.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores some of the philosophical debates underlying democracy. It also describes the current controversies within the field of democratic theory. Accountability is an integral aspect ... More


Introduction

Ben Jackson

in Equality and the British Left: A Study in Progressive Political Thought, 1900-64

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719073069
eISBN:
9781781701454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719073069.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This book examines the ways in which the Left in Britain appropriated and developed the nascent economic egalitarianism of the late nineteenth century, including a few episodes in which these ... More


Political Psychology of the Death Terror

Abdolhossein Abdollahi

in The Political Psychology of Terrorism Fears

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199925926
eISBN:
9780199380664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199925926.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter draws on terror management theory (TMT) to argue that our political thinking and behavior are influenced by an unconscious motive or emotion, termed here as the “death terror.” According ... More


Science and Politics in a Technological Culture— Methods and Concepts

Wiebe E. Bijker, Roland Bal, and Hendriks Ruud

in The Paradox of Scientific Authority: The Role of Scientific Advice in Democracies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026581
eISBN:
9780262258609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026581.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The present study investigates how science and technology influence the political decision process and how social, political, and cultural circumstances contribute to determining the development of ... More


The Public Sphere

Bruno S. Frey

in Happiness: A Revolution in Economics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062770
eISBN:
9780262273213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062770.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Democracy is generally considered a value in itself, an institution created by political decisions that best reflect the preferences of the citizens. This chapter argues that democracy is a good ... More


Beyond the Polis: Island Koina and Other Non-polis Entities in the Aegean

Christy Constantakopoulou

in Communities and Networks in the Ancient Greek World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198726494
eISBN:
9780191793301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726494.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The classical Greek world is predominantly viewed as a world of the polis. But beyond the community of citizens of a Greek polis, there existed a plethora of alternative formations, some of which ... More


Community and Communication: Oratory and Politics in Republican Rome

Catherine Steel and Henriette van der Blom (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199641895
eISBN:
9780191746130
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641895.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This book brings together nineteen scholars to rethink the role of public speech in the Roman Republic. Speech was an integral part of decision-making in Republican Rome, and oratory was part of the ... More


Crown Jewels and Rough Diamonds: The Source of Science's Authority

Harry Collins

in The One Culture?: A Conversation about Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226467221
eISBN:
9780226467245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226467245.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The different ways of justifying science are not mutually exclusive. Indeed, it may be the existence of crown jewels that makes one believe that rough diamonds are worth having. But to value murky ... More


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