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Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Philip Dawid, William Twining, and Mimi Vasilaki (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

Evidence — its nature and interpretation — is the key to many topical debates and concerns such as global warming, evolution, the search for weapons of mass destruction, DNA profiling, and ... More


Economic Inequality and Political Representation

Larry M. Bartels

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reveals how increasing economic inequality among Americans engenders political inequality as well. Though every citizen should equally count in the area of politics and government in a ... More


Empowering People with Severe Mental Illness: A Practical Guide

Donald M. Linhorst

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195171877
eISBN:
9780199865338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171877.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The purpose of this book is to examine the opportunities for, and limitations to, empowerment among adults with severe mental illness who, historically, have lacked power and have been the focus of ... More


Localism and Centralism in Europe: The Political and Legal Bases of Local Self-Government

Edward C. Page

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277279
eISBN:
9780191684166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277279.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Why do some countries appear to be far more centralized than others? In some countries local government has responsibility for a wide range of public services, while in others these services are ... More


Legitimate Diversity: The New Challenge of European Integratio n

Fritz W. Sccharpf

in The State of the European Union, 6: Law, Politics, and Society

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257409
eISBN:
9780191600951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925740X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Illustrates why the present institutional framework of the EU is no longer able to face new policy challenges. Provides an overview of general modes of EU policy‐making and then addresses concrete ... More


New Modes of Governance in Europe: Increasing Political Capacity and Policy Effectiveness?

Adrienne Héritier

in The State of the European Union, 6: Law, Politics, and Society

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257409
eISBN:
9780191600951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925740X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Explores the efficiency and effectiveness of new modes of European governance that are not based on legislation and include private actors in policy formulation. Focusses on the emergence, ... More


New Social Risks and Welfare States: New Paradigm and New Politics?

Peter Taylor-Gooby

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter reviews work on new social risks. It concludes that welfare state regime and policy‐making structure makes an important difference to the emergence and development of new social risk ... More


Modern Challenges to the Welfare State and the Antecedents of the Third Way

Rebecca Surender

in Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199266722
eISBN:
9780191601941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266727.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

There has been considerable rethinking on the part of governments when it comes to social policy, in particular, about the relationships between the labour market, the family, and the state, and ... More


Revolutionaries in Power, 1917–1923

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party, which constituted the political elite of Soviet Russia, was in Lenin's time, relatively homogeneous and was entirely composed of people who had ... More


European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Karlheinz Neunreither and Antje Wiener (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

European integration is at a turning point with implications for all member states and their citizens. The Amsterdam Treaty marked a shift towards constitutional issues. Integration has involved a ... More


Public Policy and Administration: Ideas, Interests and Institutions

Giandomenico Majone

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides an account of the transformation of policy‐making. From the top‐down state‐centric approach and from the bottom‐up grassroots popularism of the 60s and 70s, policy‐making now reflects an ... More


Communicative Practices and Communicative Demands in the Environmental Justice Movement

David Schlosberg

in Environmental Justice and the New Pluralism: The Challenge of Difference for Environmentalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256419
eISBN:
9780191600203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256411.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

An exploration is made of how the environmental justice movement in the United States has taken on some of the communicative and participatory demands and practices of critical pluralism. The ... More


The Engines of European Integration: Delegation, Agency, and Agenda Setting in the EU

Mark A. Pollack

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251179
eISBN:
9780191600111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251177.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The European Union is composed of its member states, yet these states have created and delegated increasing powers to a number of supranational organizations, including the executive Commission, the ... More


Negotiations and Strategy, 1980–1987

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Domestic and international policy‐making on protection of the ozone layer are examined from 1980 to 1987. Tracks the 1982 resumption of international negotiations to protect the ozone layer after two ... More


Resisting EMU: Political Strategy, Policy Entrepreneurship, and Policy Reflection Before the IGC

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The emergence of EMU on the European agenda caught Whitehall off guard. The task soon became one of resistance. Two alternative plans were launched—for a competing currency, then for a common ... More


State Feminism and Policy Debates on Abortion in Austria

Regina Köpl

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The author describes three policy debates in Austria: initial legalization in the early 1970s, the defeat of an anti‐abortion referendum initiative in 1978, and the authorization of Mifegyne—the ... More


Abortion Debates in Ireland: An Ongoing Issue

Evelyn Mahon

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The direction of abortion policy in Ireland began with criminal restrictions and proceeded towards constitutionally based prohibitions on legalized abortion. Pressure for reform has been eased ... More


Organized Interests as Intermediaries

Jeremy Richardson

in Elitism, Populism, and European Politics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280354
eISBN:
9780191599422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280351.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Not only have interest groups played a key role in representation and legitimization but have also begun to displace political parties as intermediaries between governing elites and governed peoples. ... More


Conclusion: Comparative Abortion Politics and the Case for State Feminism

Dorothy McBride Stetson

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter summarizes and analyses the findings from the comparative analysis of abortion policy debates in 11 countries. The first section describes similarities and differences in abortion ... More


Finland

David Arter

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the retirement of President Kekkonen in 1981, a process of piecemeal constitutional reform has strengthened the core concept of parliamentary government at the expense of the old ... More


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