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Economic Inequality and Political Representation

Larry M. Bartels

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reveals how increasing economic inequality among Americans engenders political inequality as well. Though every citizen should equally count in the area of politics and government in a ... More


New Social Risks and Welfare States: New Paradigm and New Politics?

Peter Taylor-Gooby

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter reviews work on new social risks. It concludes that welfare state regime and policy‐making structure makes an important difference to the emergence and development of new social risk ... More


Policy‐Making in the EU: Familiar Ambitions in Unfamiliar Settings?

Jeremy Richardson

in From the Nation State to Europe: Essays in Honour of Jack Hayward

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244034
eISBN:
9780191599897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244030.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter focuses on two sets of stakeholders who have traditionally worked together in Western European states to shape and influence public policy: bureaucrats and interest groups. Its central ... More


Public Policy and Administration: Ideas, Interests and Institutions

Giandomenico Majone

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides an account of the transformation of policy‐making. From the top‐down state‐centric approach and from the bottom‐up grassroots popularism of the 60s and 70s, policy‐making now reflects an ... More


Liberal Democracy and Policy‐Making: Knowledge and the Formation of Social Policy

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

King presents a historical account of the rise of expert influence on public policy and offers an explanation of how governments adopt illiberal social policies shaped by these expert ideas. He ... More


New Modes of Governance in Europe: Increasing Political Capacity and Policy Effectiveness?

Adrienne Héritier

in The State of the European Union, 6: Law, Politics, and Society

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257409
eISBN:
9780191600951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925740X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Explores the efficiency and effectiveness of new modes of European governance that are not based on legislation and include private actors in policy formulation. Focusses on the emergence, ... More


Introduction: Co‐ordinating National Action in Brussels

Hussein Kassim

in The National Co-ordination of EU Policy: The European Level

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199248056
eISBN:
9780191601545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248052.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The purpose of this Introduction to the book is to provide a point of reference and context for the eleven country studies that follow. It begins with a brief discussion of national co-ordination and ... More


Research for Health Policy

Erica Bell

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199549337
eISBN:
9780191720635
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549337.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Individuals working in health research want to be able to use their findings to influence health policy. However, frequently, research evidence remains detached from practice, and there is a divide ... More


Conclusion: Comparative Abortion Politics and the Case for State Feminism

Dorothy McBride Stetson

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter summarizes and analyses the findings from the comparative analysis of abortion policy debates in 11 countries. The first section describes similarities and differences in abortion ... More


Legitimate Diversity: The New Challenge of European Integratio n

Fritz W. Sccharpf

in The State of the European Union, 6: Law, Politics, and Society

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257409
eISBN:
9780191600951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925740X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Illustrates why the present institutional framework of the EU is no longer able to face new policy challenges. Provides an overview of general modes of EU policy‐making and then addresses concrete ... More


Federalism and State Governance in the European Union and the United States: An Institutional Perspective

Vivien Schmidt

in The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the United States and the European Union

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245000
eISBN:
9780191599996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245002.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Starts by briefly comparing and contrasting the institutional structures and policy‐making processes in the USA and the EU. Two interrelated arguments are presented in the rest of the chapter: (1) ... More


Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Philip Dawid, William Twining, and Mimi Vasilaki (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

Evidence — its nature and interpretation — is the key to many topical debates and concerns such as global warming, evolution, the search for weapons of mass destruction, DNA profiling, and ... More


Modern Challenges to the Welfare State and the Antecedents of the Third Way

Rebecca Surender

in Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199266722
eISBN:
9780191601941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266727.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

There has been considerable rethinking on the part of governments when it comes to social policy, in particular, about the relationships between the labour market, the family, and the state, and ... More


Institutionalizing Promiscuity: Commission‐Interest Group Relations in the European Union

Sonia Mazey and Jeremy Richardson

in The Institutionalization of Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199247967
eISBN:
9780191601088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924796X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The relationship between the European Commission and the various lobbying groups in Brussels is explored, and it is argued that there is now a ‘mature’ institutionalized policy-making style governing ... More


Differentiated Europeanization: Large and Small Firms in the EU Policy Process

David Coen and Charles Dannreuther

in The Politics of Europeanization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252091
eISBN:
9780191599224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252092.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter explores the issue of Europeanization primarily at the horizontal level of European Union (EU) policy formulation and the adaptation and Europeanization of large and small business ... More


Republican Aims: Causes and Policies

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Looking at what the republican state should do, the first thing to notice is that republicanism offers the state a pluralistic language in which to formulate the grievances it should seek to rectify: ... More


Body Politics I: Reproductive Rights Policy

Amy G. Mazur

in Theorizing Feminist Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246724
eISBN:
9780191599859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246726.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the first section, the analysis defines the general feminist aims and parameters of the first type of Body Politics Policy: Reproductive Rights Policy. It then discusses the range and timing of ... More


Resisting EMU: Political Strategy, Policy Entrepreneurship, and Policy Reflection Before the IGC

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The emergence of EMU on the European agenda caught Whitehall off guard. The task soon became one of resistance. Two alternative plans were launched—for a competing currency, then for a common ... More


The German Case: A Key Moderator in a Competitive Multi‐Level Environment

Andreas Maurer and Wolfgang Wessels

in The National Co-ordination of EU Policy: The European Level

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199248056
eISBN:
9780191601545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248052.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This study of the German permanent representation at Brussels unravels the complexities of co-ordination in a domestic political system characterized by vertical and horizontal pluralism, ... More


State Feminism and Policy Debates on Abortion in Austria

Regina Köpl

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The author describes three policy debates in Austria: initial legalization in the early 1970s, the defeat of an anti‐abortion referendum initiative in 1978, and the authorization of Mifegyne—the ... More


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