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‘The Job’ and ‘The Force’

Ian Loader and Aogán Mulcahy

in Policing and the Condition of England: Memory, Politics and Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299066
eISBN:
9780191685583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299066.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the meanings and values explicit and implicit in officers' memories of three salient aspects of the job and the police organization: the social status of ‘the police officer’ ... More


Capitol Crime Extravaganza

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The high crime rates of the early 1990s and a string of sensational crimes from coast to coast set the stage in 1994 for the most extensive and costly federal anticrime bill ever. Bill Clinton had ... More


Policing Diverse Publics

Bethan Loftus

in Police Culture in a Changing World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199560905
eISBN:
9780191701818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560905.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter assesses how the accent on diversity has shaped the perspectives and practices of officers as they policed their diverse publics. It illustrates that responses to the altered policing ... More


Dominant Culture Interrupted

Bethan Loftus

in Police Culture in a Changing World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199560905
eISBN:
9780191701818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560905.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter tracks the ways in which Northshire Police developed policies aimed at managing the contemporary demands of greater diversity. It explores how the extension of recognition for minority ... More


Shoot to kill: Police accountability, firearms and fatal force

Maurice Punch

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424730
eISBN:
9781447303350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424730.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The shooting of Jean Charles de Menezes at Stockwell underground station in 2005 raised acute issues about operational practice, legitimacy, accountability and policy making regarding police use of ... More


Criminals in Uniform

John Gardner

in The Constitution of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199673872
eISBN:
9780191752032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673872.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter addresses the relationship between the character of the state and the constitution and the justification of harm-causing action. It takes as a starting point the author's debate with ... More


Stress and Cardiovascular Disease in Law Enforcement

Warren D. Franke and Sandra L. Ramey

in Stress, Trauma, and Wellbeing in the Legal System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199829996
eISBN:
9780199301492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829996.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Police officers have higher rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than the general population. While officers have an increased prevalence of some conventional CVD risk factors, the increased CVD is ... More


Police Associations: From Ethnic Group to Ethnic Association

Simon Holdaway

in Black Police Associations: An Analysis of Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199573448
eISBN:
9780191702105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573448.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter continues to chart the history of the first Black Police Association (BPA), especially how its first executive articulated the experience of ethnic-minority officers and police support ... More


Is the law on my side? Relationships between the PCC and the chief police officer team

Bryn Caless and Jane Owens

in Police and Crime Commissioners: The Transformation of Police Accountability

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447320692
eISBN:
9781447320715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447320692.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

The chapter examines the nature of the relationships between police and crime commissioners and the chief police officer teams. The confidential views of both sides are examined and juxtaposed. There ... More


Carter Harrison Remakes the Chicago Police Department

Sam Mitrani

in The Rise of the Chicago Police Department: Class and Conflict, 1850-1894

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038068
eISBN:
9780252095337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038068.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines Chicago Mayor Carter Harrison's reorganization of the Chicago Police Department to increase its legitimacy and usefulness during the first half of the 1880s. The events of the ... More


Black Police Associations: Context and Perspective

Simon Holdaway

in Black Police Associations: An Analysis of Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199573448
eISBN:
9780191702105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573448.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

‘Institutional racism’ had reference points for relationships between the police and ethnic-minority communities and between ethnic-minority and ethnic-majority members of the police workforce, ... More


The Only One that Would be Interested in Me: Police Brutality, Black Women's Protection, and the New York Race Riot of 1900

Cheryl D. Hicks

in Talk with You Like a Woman: African American Women, Justice, and Reform in New York, 1890-1935

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834244
eISBN:
9781469603759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882320_hicks.6
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores how black women's problematic encounters with police officers became the catalyst that inflamed existing tensions between black and white Tenderloin residents. The objective ... More


Citizens, Cops, and Power: Recognizing the Limits of Community

Steve Herbert

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226327303
eISBN:
9780226327358
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226327358.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Politicians, citizens, and police agencies have long embraced community policing, hoping to reduce crime and disorder by strengthening the ties between urban residents and the officers entrusted with ... More


Contested Cases in Magistrates’ Courts

Mike McConville, Jacqueline Hodgson, Lee Bridges, and Anita Pavlovic

in Standing Accused: The Organization and Practices of Criminal Defence Lawyers in Britain

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198258681
eISBN:
9780191681851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198258681.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explores the trials in the magistrates' courts. It also focuses upon the decision-making of magistrates in cases in which defendants contest their guilt. If the prosecution case is ... More


Ethnography with the Police

Bethan Loftus

in Police Culture in a Changing World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199560905
eISBN:
9780191701818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560905.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter provides a reflexive discussion about the ethnographic experience with Northshire police officers. It is explained that while all individual officers would have strict anonymity, to omit ... More


Constabulary Change?

Simon Holdaway

in Black Police Associations: An Analysis of Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199573448
eISBN:
9780191702105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573448.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter reports some preliminary points that are made about change within constabularies. The discussion then moves to consider specific changes that might be attributed to the Black Police ... More


Order in the City

Nicole Stelle Garnett

in Ordering the City: Land Use, Policing, and the Restoration of Urban America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300124941
eISBN:
9780300155051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124941.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The current focus on restoring order in our cities arises against a backdrop of a century-long debate about when, how, and if local governments generally—and police officers in particular—should ... More


The Eight-Hour Strikes, the Haymarket Bombing, and the Consolidation of the Chicago Police Department

Sam Mitrani

in The Rise of the Chicago Police Department: Class and Conflict, 1850-1894

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038068
eISBN:
9780252095337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038068.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how the Eight-hour strikes of 1886 and the Haymarket bombing transformed the Chicago Police Department into a much stronger institution. It begins with a discussion of the ... More


While the City Sleeps: Police and the Social Imagination

Lila Caimari

in While the City Sleeps: A History of Pistoleros, Policemen, and the Crime Beat in Buenos Aires before Perón

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520289437
eISBN:
9780520964105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520289437.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter explores the public opinion strategies adopted by Buenos Aires police in the context of a deep crisis of consensus in the 1920s and 1930s regarding their right to use force. In so doing, ... More


Racialised numerics<sup>1</sup>

Karim Murji

in Racism, Policy and Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447319573
eISBN:
9781447319603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447319573.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter focuses on the Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) recruitment target. The BME target illustrates the policy and political manoeuvring around one of William Macpherson's key recommendations: ... More


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