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Fragmented France: Two Centuries of Disputed Identity

Jack Hayward

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216314
eISBN:
9780191712265
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216314.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

For centuries, France has struggled to impose unity upon its diverse components. Its leaders have defined its identity by opposition to the ‘Anglo-Saxons’: first England, then Britain and the USA. ... More


The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

George C Edwards III and Desmond King (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book examines the foreign and domestic policies of President George W. Bush's administration. The analysis begins with an account of how highly polarized — in terms of public opinion and ... More


Introduction

George C. Edwards III and Desmond S. King

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the existing legacy of George W. Bush. It then considers the divergence in views of the president and his performance, his policies, ... More


The Public, the President, and the War in Iraq

Gary C. Jacobson

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reviews a selection of polling data on the president and the war to document the unprecedented partisan polarization in public attitudes these have jointly provoked, and to begin to ... More


Aspirations, Poverty, and Economic Change

Debraj Ray

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0028
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay discusses a particular aspect of poverty: its close and brutal association with a failure of aspirations. This is not an assertion about individuals who are poor; it is a statement about ... More


The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Theresa Levitt

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This work places revolutionary advances in light and optics in the cultural context of France in the first half of the 19th century. The narrative follows the work and careers of France's two chief ... More


Polarisation: Applications in Remote Sensing

Shane Cloude

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199569731
eISBN:
9780191721908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569731.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This book is concerned with the exploitation of polarisation effects in electromagnetic wave scattering for applications in remote sensing. It combines, for the first time, the topics of scattering ... More


Israel: The Politics of an Extreme Electoral System

Gideon Rahat and Reuven Y. Hazan

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Israel had a closed list PR system that was so proportional that it resulted in a large multi-party system with a very fragmented parliament. One result is that for decades, Israel experienced ... More


Choices Parties Offer

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Parties and their programmes form the alternatives electors vote for under modern representative democracy. A precondition of mandate theory, as opposed to convergence theories of democracy, is that ... More


Political Parties and Party Systems

Hans‐Dieter Klingemann

in The European Voter: A Comparative Study Of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199273218
eISBN:
9780191602962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273219.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a historical description of the development of the national party systems of the countries represented in the book. First, it provides an overview of the political parties in the ... More


Conclusion

Erik Jones

in Economic Adjustment and Political Transformation in Small States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208333
eISBN:
9780191708985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208333.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The adjustment strategies of the 1980s were successful, but only at the cost of destroying the last vestiges of support for consociational institutions. During the 1990s, the electorate of Belgium ... More


Old Labour and the Social Democratic Party

Anthony F. Heath, Roger M. Jowell, and John K. Curtice

in The Rise of New Labour: Party Policies and Voter Choices

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245116
eISBN:
9780191599453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245118.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Analyses the strategy of the opposition Labour party in the 1983 general election and the role of the newly created Social Democratic Party (SDP) in the political life in Britain at the beginning of ... More


The Optics of Life: A Biologist's Guide to Light in Nature

Sönke Johnsen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139906
eISBN:
9781400840663
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139906.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Optics—a field of physics focusing on the study of light—is also central to many areas of biology, including vision, ecology, botany, animal behavior, neurobiology, and molecular biology. This book ... More


The Nature of Presidential Elections

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter considers the effect of the selection mechanisms for heads of state on the nature of elections. Using a variety of methodological approaches—case studies, paired comparisons, a natural ... More


Making the Transition from Hegemonic Regime to Power‐Sharing: Northern Ireland and Canada in Historical Perspective

S. J. R. Noel

in Northern Ireland and the Divided World: Post-Agreement Northern Ireland in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244348
eISBN:
9780191599866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244340.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Compares Northern Ireland with prosperous and peaceful Canada. It shows that Canada's relative tranquillity was not inevitable but owes much to the development of consociational practices by its ... More


How talk informs

Robert E. Goodin

in Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547944
eISBN:
9780191720116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547944.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Insofar as the reason ‘why’ we want deliberative democracy is just to pool information, what justifies so much emphasis among deliberative democrats on talking face-to-face to the exclusion of other ... More


Political Participation, Polarization, and Public Opinion: Activism and the Merging of Partisan and Ideological Polarization

John H. Aldrich and Melanie Freeze

in Facing the Challenge of Democracy: Explorations in the Analysis of Public Opinion and Political Participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151106
eISBN:
9781400840304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151106.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter considers how dynamics in public opinion combine with changes in participation and in the degree of elite (specifically, congressional) polarization in this regard. It begins by ... More


The Structural Bases of Postindustrial Employment

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It is argued that there are compelling reasons why we should be heading towards a fundamental incompatibility between the cherished goal of equality and the equally cherished goal of full employment. ... More


THE MANAGEMENT OF UNCERTAINTY: ORGANIZATIONS AS DECISION-MAKING SYSTEMS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Depending on the degree of goal uncertainty and procedural uncertainty, organizational decision making may follow the bounded rationality model, process model, political model, or anarchic model. ... More


The Substance of Representation: Congress, American Political Development, and Lawmaking

John S. Lapinski

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137810
eISBN:
9781400848638
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137810.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Lawmaking is crucial to American democracy because it completely defines and regulates the public life of the nation. Yet despite its importance, political scientists spend very little time studying ... More


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