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The General Point of View: Love and Moral Approval in Hume's Ethics

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hume thinks moral judgments are based on sentiments of approval and disapproval we feel when we contemplate someone from a “general point of view.” But why do we take up the general point of view? ... More


Character‐focused Narration

Gregory Currie

in Narratives and Narrators: A Philosophy of Stories

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199282609
eISBN:
9780191712432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282609.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Stories are narrated from a point of view, but, occasionally the narrator, of whatever kind, modulates the style of narration to take account of the point of view of some other character. This ... More


The Absolute Point of View

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The idea of the primacy of the Absolute’s point of view is a fundamental requirement in Advaita. Using this point of view as the criterion, Advaita declares the empirical world to be not real. But ... More


Differing Points of View

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Advaita believes in three differing points of view called the illusory (prātibhāsika), the empirical (vyāvahārika) and the ultimate (pāramārthika) which successively contradict and sublate the ... More


A Claim on the Reader1

GREGORY CURRIE

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the impact of narratives on the imaginative faculties of the readers. Imaginative engagement with a narrative has two aspects: what is to be imagined from the narratives and ... More


Narratives and Narrators: A Philosophy of Stories

Gregory Currie

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199282609
eISBN:
9780191712432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282609.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Narratives are artefacts of a special kind: they are devices which function to tell stories, and do so by conveying the storytelling intentions of their makers. But, narrative itself is too inclusive ... More


The Rejection of Consequentialism: A Philosophical Investigation of the Considerations Underlying Rival Moral Conceptions

Samuel Scheffler

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235118
eISBN:
9780191598340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235119.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The term ‘consequentialism’ refers to a class of moral theories that rank states of affairs from an impersonal standpoint and require agents to produce the best states of affairs they can. Many ... More


11. Where Have All the Powers Gone?: Hartian Rules of Recognition, Noncognitivism, and the Constitutional and Jurisprudential Foundations of Law

STEPHEN PERRY

in The Rule of Recognition and the U.S. Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195343298
eISBN:
9780199867806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343298.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter argues that Hart's doctrine of the rule of recognition is flawed in two distinct but ultimately related ways. The first error is conceiving of the foundations of law as necessarily ... More


Expression and Imitation 1

Gregory Currie

in Narratives and Narrators: A Philosophy of Stories

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199282609
eISBN:
9780191712432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282609.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Authors create stories for us. In the process of doing so they often provide a framework within which to respond to the story. How do authors create these structures? This chapter argues that they do ... More


Irony: A Pretended Point of View

Gregory Currie

in Narratives and Narrators: A Philosophy of Stories

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199282609
eISBN:
9780191712432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282609.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Narrators occasionally help themselves to pretended points of view. Such points of view are crucial to understanding one kind of irony, sometimes called ‘verbal irony’ but better termed ... More


The Positive Argument

Shelly Kagan

in The Limits of Morality

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239161
eISBN:
9780191597848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239165.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to the positive argument, the personal point of view is not a mere hindrance to moral action, but a source of genuine and distinct values. There are thus reasons for the agent to act in ... More


The Independence and Distinctness of the Personal Point of View

Samuel Scheffler

in The Rejection of Consequentialism: A Philosophical Investigation of the Considerations Underlying Rival Moral Conceptions

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235118
eISBN:
9780191598340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235119.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Explores the considerations underlying an agent‐centred prerogative and the considerations underlying a distribution‐sensitive conception of the good. Scheffler argues that, whether or not the ... More


Points of View

A. W. Moore

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250623
eISBN:
9780191598050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250622.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I begin by raising the question whether there can be ‘absolute representations’. This is equivalent to the question whether the world can be represented from no point of view, absoluteness being an ... More


Chapter Five

A. W. Moore

in Points of View

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250623
eISBN:
9780191598050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250622.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Having argued for an affirmative answer to my question, I consider arguments for a negative answer to it. With the important exception of those arguments in which the Basic Assumption is rejected, I ... More


Aspects, Points of View, and Objectivity

Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen

in Truth, Fiction, and Literature: A Philosophical Perspective

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236818
eISBN:
9780191679377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236818.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Language

The aspectival nature of fictional content is not an intrinsic feature of a ‘language of fiction’ but a feature of the conventional response associated with the fictive stance. For it is a ... More


The Presupposition of Freedom, the Circle, and the Two Standpoints

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with three topics: (1) Kant’s provisional argument for the right to presuppose freedom from the practical point of view; (2) his account of how this appears to lead to a circle; ... More


The Defence of Agent‐Centred Restrictions: Intuitions in Search of a Foundation

Samuel Scheffler

in The Rejection of Consequentialism: A Philosophical Investigation of the Considerations Underlying Rival Moral Conceptions

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235118
eISBN:
9780191598340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235119.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Scheffler searches for, but does not find, a principled rationale for including agent‐centred restrictions in a moral theory. He considers and rejects rationales that appeal to the disvalue of ... More


Normative Ethics

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This final chapter presents some general guidelines for thinking about the structure of our reasoning about norms. It begins with a dismissal of a purely evolutionary perspective on the contents of ... More


The Deduction of the Categorical Imperative and the Outermost Boundary of Practical Philosophy

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with two issues: (1) Kant’s deduction of the categorical imperative and (2) the bounds of what can be claimed from a practical point of view. The task of the deduction is to ... More


The Object View

Bill Brewer

in Perception and its Objects

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199260256
eISBN:
9780191725470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260256.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The recommended reaction to the Inconsistent Triad, (OV), is to reject (III), the claim that the direct objects of perception are mind-dependent, whilst retaining the early modern empiricist insight ... More


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