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Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is a systematic interdisciplinary account of two epochal trends: the history of the 20th century’s technical transformation based on the unprecedented surge of innovation that took place in ... More


Materials:: Old Techniques and New Solutions

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Steel — made from iron in basic oxygen furnaces and electric arc furnaces, and turned into semifinished products by continuous casting — remained the dominant material of the 20th century. Completely ... More


The Neuromolecular Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the neuromolecular and plastic brain. Ideas about plasticity and the openness of brains to environment influences, from initial evidence about nerve development, through the ... More


Managing Brains, Minds, and Selves

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This concluding chapter suggests that for the human sciences, there is nothing to fear in the rise to prominence of neurobiological attempt to understand and account for human behavior. It is ... More


 Learning, Memory, and the Monkey Hippocampus

Wendy A. Suzuki

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews over thirty years of findings from behavioral neurophysiological recordings in the monkey hippocampus. It shows that consistent with the memory space hypothesis, hippocampal ... More


The Book as Waste: Henry Mayhew and the Fall of Paper Recycling

Leah Price

in How to Do Things with Books in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691114170
eISBN:
9781400842186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691114170.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter suggests that two phenomena that usually get explained in terms of the rise of electronic media in the late twentieth century—the dematerialization of the text and the disembodiment of ... More


The Meaning of Beauty

Andrew Kahn

in Pushkin's Lyric Intelligence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234745
eISBN:
9780191715747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234745.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, Poetry

Towards the end of his life, Pushkin returned to classically inspired forms, including a cycle of Anacreontic imitations, poems about statuary, imitations of Horace, and an impassioned defence of ... More


Plasticity in Adult M1 Cortex During Motor Skill Learning

Julien Doyon and Leslie G. Ungerleider

in Filling-In: From Perceptual Completion to Cortical Reorganization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195140132
eISBN:
9780199865307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140132.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the results of a large body of studies that examined the cerebral plasticity in the primary motor cortex (M1) using neurophysiological approaches in monkeys and rodents, or ... More


Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Nasr Ghoniem and Daniel Walgraef

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In materials, critical phenomena such as phase transitions, plastic deformation and fracture are intimately related to self-organization. Understanding the origin of spatio-temporal order in systems ... More


Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Ali Argon

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The strengthening of metals by a variety of means has been of interest over much of history. However, the elucidation of the actual mechanisms involved in the processes of alloying and work ... More


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