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Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is a systematic interdisciplinary account of two epochal trends: the history of the 20th century’s technical transformation based on the unprecedented surge of innovation that took place in ... More


Materials:: Old Techniques and New Solutions

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Steel — made from iron in basic oxygen furnaces and electric arc furnaces, and turned into semifinished products by continuous casting — remained the dominant material of the 20th century. Completely ... More


The Neuromolecular Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the neuromolecular and plastic brain. Ideas about plasticity and the openness of brains to environment influences, from initial evidence about nerve development, through the ... More


Managing Brains, Minds, and Selves

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This concluding chapter suggests that for the human sciences, there is nothing to fear in the rise to prominence of neurobiological attempt to understand and account for human behavior. It is ... More


 Learning, Memory, and the Monkey Hippocampus

Wendy A. Suzuki

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews over thirty years of findings from behavioral neurophysiological recordings in the monkey hippocampus. It shows that consistent with the memory space hypothesis, hippocampal ... More


The Book as Waste: Henry Mayhew and the Fall of Paper Recycling

Leah Price

in How to Do Things with Books in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691114170
eISBN:
9781400842186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691114170.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter suggests that two phenomena that usually get explained in terms of the rise of electronic media in the late twentieth century—the dematerialization of the text and the disembodiment of ... More


The Meaning of Beauty

Andrew Kahn

in Pushkin's Lyric Intelligence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234745
eISBN:
9780191715747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234745.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, Poetry

Towards the end of his life, Pushkin returned to classically inspired forms, including a cycle of Anacreontic imitations, poems about statuary, imitations of Horace, and an impassioned defence of ... More


Plasticity in Adult M1 Cortex During Motor Skill Learning

Julien Doyon and Leslie G. Ungerleider

in Filling-In: From Perceptual Completion to Cortical Reorganization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195140132
eISBN:
9780199865307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140132.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the results of a large body of studies that examined the cerebral plasticity in the primary motor cortex (M1) using neurophysiological approaches in monkeys and rodents, or ... More


Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Ali Argon

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The strengthening of metals by a variety of means has been of interest over much of history. However, the elucidation of the actual mechanisms involved in the processes of alloying and work ... More


Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Nasr Ghoniem and Daniel Walgraef

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In materials, critical phenomena such as phase transitions, plastic deformation and fracture are intimately related to self-organization. Understanding the origin of spatio-temporal order in systems ... More


Innovation in the Plastic Industry 2: Upcycle of Plastic Waste: Natural Fiber–Reinforced Plastics

Irene Fahim and Salah M. El-Haggar

in Sustainability and Innovation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789774166471
eISBN:
9781617976803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166471.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter begins by discussing the plastic industry, types of plastic, and plastic waste. It then turns to the chemical or thermal treatment of natural fibers for use in different applications as ... More


MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND REAL AREA OF CONTACT

C. Mathew Mate

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter covers how the material around contacting asperities deform when two surfaces touch and the resulting stresses in the materials. The first part of the chapter is devoted to how these ... More


MECHANICAL INSTABILITIES

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is focused on mechanical instabilities, which give rise to microstructure pattern formation and eventual failure of stressed solids. Plastic instabilities are described in detail because ... More


INTRODUCTION

Glenn H. Fredrickson

in The Equilibrium Theory of Inhomogeneous Polymers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567295
eISBN:
9780191717956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567295.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces polymer systems of broad contemporary interest, the notions of macrophase separation and microphase separation in polymeric fluids, and modern themes in polymer science and ... More


What Is Wrong with the Machine?

Solly Angel

in The Tale of the Scale: An Odyssey of Invention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195158687
eISBN:
9780199849826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158687.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The thin personal scale was only a fantasy. In fact, the author had no knowledge of scales whatsoever, and no clue about the mechanisms that made them work. A spiral-tube prototype was developed and ... More


Innovation in the Plastic Industry 1: Upcycle of Plastic Waste: Plastic Rejects

Salah M. El-Haggar, Lama El Hatow, Yasser Ibrahim, and Mohamed Abu Khatwa

in Sustainability and Innovation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789774166471
eISBN:
9781617976803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166471.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Plastic rejects are plastics that cannot be recycled and are thus burned (causing harmful emissions) or landfilled. This chapter highlights the utilization of plastic rejects which are not recycled ... More


Innovation in the Plastic Industry 3: Upcycle of Plastic Waste: Natural Fiber Plastic Composites

Mokhtar Kamel and Salah M. El-Haggar

in Sustainability and Innovation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789774166471
eISBN:
9781617976803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166471.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

During the last decade, natural fiber plastic composites (NFPCs) have been increasingly used as substitutes for natural wood in North America, Europe, and China. They have also become an important ... More


Queen of Vaudeville: The Story of Eva Tanguay

Andrew L. Erdman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449703
eISBN:
9780801465727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449703.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In her day, Eva Tanguay (1879–1947) was one of the most famous women in America. She established herself as a vaudeville and musical comedy star in 1901 and at the height of a long career, that ... More


Practices of Economization: Recycling Plastic Bottles in Hanoi

Gay Hawkins, Emily Potter, and Kane Race

in Plastic Water: The Social and Material Life of Bottled Water

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029414
eISBN:
9780262329521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029414.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter investigates the shadow realities or externalities of bottled water markets: growing amounts of plastic waste. It focuses on the ways in which plastic bottles are far from disposable. As ... More


Biopolitics of Beauty: Cosmetic Citizenship and Affective Capital in Brazil

Alvaro Jarrín

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293878
eISBN:
9780520967212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293878.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

Using ethnographic fieldwork carried out in Brazilian hospitals, this book shows how plastic surgeons and patients navigate the public health system to transform beauty into a basic health right. The ... More


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