Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 352 items

  • Keywords: plasticity x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

C. Mathew Mate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Friction, lubrication, adhesion, and wear are prevalent physical phenomena in everyday life and in many key technologies. This book incorporates a bottom-up approach to friction, lubrication, and ... More


The Neuromolecular Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the neuromolecular and plastic brain. Ideas about plasticity and the openness of brains to environment influences, from initial evidence about nerve development, through the ... More


Epileptiform Discharges In Vitro

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

VFO precedes electrographic seizures in vitro, as well as in vivo. The in vitro VFO is gap junction dependent, and is observed most readily in conditions when synaptic transmission is suppressed. One ... More


Adaptive plasticity and sensory substitution in the cerebral cortex

Josef P. Rauschecker

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter considers adaptive plasticity which allows experience-based cortical expansion within a modality if used as a model for the cross-modal plasticity accompanying the loss of a sense. This ... More


Adaptive radiation: diversity and specialization

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Selection in complex and structured environments is likely to cause the divergence of differently adapted lines. This will lead to a diverse array of specialized types, or to one or a few broad ... More


Genotypic Specificity of Grass-Endophyte Interactions

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

For ongoing coevolution of the grass-endophyte symbiosis through the agents of natural selection, there must be genetic variation within populations for both host and endophyte. The breeding systems ... More


Evolution of morphological defences

Frank Johansson and Dirk Johannes Mikolajewski

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Understanding the ecology and evolution of morphological defences in animals and plants may help us to understand and protect biodiversity. Several species of dragonfly larvae express lateral and ... More


 Plasticity, Attention, and the Stabilization of Hippocampal Representations

David C. Rowland and Clifford G. Kentros

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the hypothesis that attention aids memory formation by providing neuromodulatory input that turns transient, homosynaptic plasticity to long-lasting heterosynaptic plasticity. ... More


Simple Molecules That Turn You On and Off

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Glutamate is an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost always is excitatory. GABA is also an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost ... More


The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Motoy Kuno

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The synapse not only provides a bridge from one nerve cell to the next; its function can be modified by experience, making it important for learning and memory. This overview of the synapse provides ... More


Diversity, Bet-hedging, and Selection among Ideas

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes the book's main conclusions and cautions against exclusive reliance on any single approach. The book's central thesis is that nature's wisdom is found primarily in ... More


Hormones and the Mutable Brain

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter begins with a discussion of the concepts of homeostasis, allostasis, homeodynamics, brain plasticity, and endocrine glands. It then discusses cellular plasticity, cellular replacement, ... More


The Neuropsychology of Vision

Manfred Fahle and Mark Greenlee (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505822
eISBN:
9780191686900
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505822.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book describes a range of new approaches to neuropsychological investigation and provides a broad overview of visual neuropsychology. It starts by presenting the results from new research ... More


From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book provides a comprehensive treatment of the history and implications of the notion of multiple memory systems, of the evidence that supports it, and of the nature of the systems discovered so ... More


Dopamine and Synaptic Plasticity in Mesolimbic Circuits

F. Woodward Hopf, Antonello Bonci, and Robert C. Malenka

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter reviews current understanding of how dopamine (DA) might modulate glutamatergic synaptic plasticity in mesolimbic brain regions. This topic is examined in the context of in vitro brain ... More


Where Culture Meets Neuroimaging: The Intersection of Luria's Method with Modern Neuroimaging and Cognitive Neuroscience Research

Xavier E. Cagigas and Robert M. Bilder

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter utilizes A.R. Luria’s method of neuropsychological investigation to shed light upon recent advances in neuroimaging and emerging paradigms in the cognitive neurosciences such as ... More


Rensch's rule in insects: patterns among and within species

Wolf U. Blanckenhorn, Rudolf Meier, and Tiit Teder

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Rensch's rule is a common pattern of allometry for sexual size dimorphism among animal species. This chapter evaluates Rensch's rule in insects, using three levels of analysis. When comparisons are ... More


Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Michael J. Angilletta Jr.

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.001.1
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Temperature pervasively impacts the phenotypes and distributions of organisms. These thermal effects generate strong selective pressures on behaviour, physiology, and life history when environmental ... More


Sexual size dimorphism and offspring vulnerability in birds

Ellen Kalmbach and Maria M. Benito

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter uses recent experimental and observational studies of birds to explore patterns of sex-specific offspring vulnerability (increased mortality and reduced fledging mass under poor ... More


Sex differences: genetic, physiological, and ecological mechanisms

Turk Rhen

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Females and males share the same genome, which places a significant constraint on the evolution of sex differences. This chapter begins with a review of current theory explaining the initial ... More


View: