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The Mental Aftermath: The Mentality of German Physicists 1945-1949

Klaus Hentschel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205660
eISBN:
9780191709388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205660.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book identifies and discusses the puzzlingly uniform behaviour and mentality of German physicists in the immediate aftermath of World War II. During the first half-decade of the Allied ... More


Kelvin on Atoms and Molecules

Elizabeth Garber

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on Lord Kelvin's works on atoms and molecules. He published his first paper on the subject in 1861 and his last in 1907. His first foray into atoms and molecules was to estimate ... More


Kelvin—The Legacy

Andrew Whitaker

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the legacy of Lord Kelvin. A century after his death, Kelvin's name is also associated with the Kelvin-Planck statement of the second law of thermodynamics, and several other ... More


William Thomson: An Introductory Biography

Mark McCartney

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter presents a biography of William Thomson. Topics covered include his early years in Glasgow College, his experiences at Cambridge University, his election as the Chair of Natural ... More


The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Jürgen Renn and Hanoch Gutfreund

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

First published in 1922 and based on lectures delivered in May 1921, Albert Einstein's The Meaning of Relativity offered an overview and explanation of the then new and controversial theory of ... More


Statistical Physics and Economic Fluctuations

H. Eugene Stanley, Xavier Gabaix, Parameswaran Gopikrishnan, and Vasiliki Plerou

in The Economy as an Evolving Complex System, III: Current Perspectives and Future Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162592
eISBN:
9780199850495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162592.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

To try to understand better puzzles regarding economic fluctuations, this chapter presents an overview of collaborative research between economists and physicists, which is focused on applying ideas ... More


Convention Objectified and the Past Unlocked

Huw Price

in Time's Arrow & Archimedes' Point: New Directions for the Physics of Time

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195117981
eISBN:
9780199853045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195117981.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Philosophers and physicists provide two perspectives of a single object. They argue and contend, for they see with different eyes, each claiming that his own is clear and true. It is not realized ... More


Faith and Criticism: The Problem Generalized

Basil Mitchell

in Faith and Criticism: The Sarum Lectures 1992

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198267584
eISBN:
9780191683312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267584.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Since the 1930s, there has been a deep division among physicists about how to interpret the fundamental concepts of quantum mechanics. Each side in the dispute holds to its opinion, though well aware ... More


Prologue

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the LHC project and its main motivation: the exploration of ‘zeptospace’. Zeptospace is a word invented in this book to designate the world as viewed at lengths of hundred ... More


Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Helge Kragh

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The theory of atomic structure proposed by the young Danish physicist Niels Bohr in 1913 marked the true beginning of modern atomic and quantum physics. This is the first book that focuses in detail ... More


Introduction

KLAUS HENTSCHEL

in The Mental Aftermath: The Mentality of German Physicists 1945-1949

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205660
eISBN:
9780191709388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205660.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the validity of analyzing the chosen scientific community of physicists within the period 1945 to 1949 as the subject of a history of mentality ... More


Constructing Holography

SEAN F. JOHNSTON

in Holographic Visions: A History of New Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198571223
eISBN:
9780191718908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571223.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on how a new branch of optics, now known as 'holography' grew from the work of Gabor, Denisyuk, Leith, and Upatnieks. This repackaging was slow and contentious, and led to ... More


Laboratories and Physics in Oxford Colleges, 1848–1947

Tony Simcock

in Physics in Oxford, 1839-1939: Laboratories, Learning and College Life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567929
eISBN:
9780191718328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567929.003.04
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Accounts and perceptions of particular subjects at Oxford University tend to concentrate on professors and central institutions. Not surprisingly, historians and contemporary commentators alike have ... More


What the Physicist said to the Poet: How Physicists Used the Ideal of Poetry to Talk about Uncertainty

Peter Middleton

in Physics Envy: American Poetry and Science in the Cold War and After

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226290003
eISBN:
9780226290140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226290140.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

The chapter shows how postwar poets encountered strong negative or idealized images of poetry in the writings of physicists and other scientists. Physicists sometimes referred to an abstraction of ... More


Pythagoreanism: emerging from the Presocratic fog Pythagoreanism: emerging from the Presocratic fog Metaphysics A 5

Malcolm Schofield

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Pythagoreans are presented by Aristotle in Chapter 5 as a sort of bridge between the physicists and the Platonists. They resemble the physicists in treating their principles as material, although ... More


Selling the Super Collider, 1983–88

Michael Riordan, Lillian Hoddeson, and Adrienne W. Kolb

in Tunnel Visions: The Rise and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226294797
eISBN:
9780226305837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226305837.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The SSC had to be “sold” to Congress and US taxpayers, for a project costing billions of dollars required strong public support. Central Design Group physicists kept Congress and its staffers ... More


Settling in Texas, 1989–91

Michael Riordan, Lillian Hoddeson, and Adrienne W. Kolb

in Tunnel Visions: The Rise and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226294797
eISBN:
9780226305837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226305837.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Establishing the SSC Laboratory near Dallas, Texas, proved much more difficult than anticipated. As Central Design Group leaders did not participate in construction, SSC Director Roy Schwitters ... More


Twists and Turns

Frederic Lawrence Holmes

in Meselson, Stahl, and the Replication of DNA: A History of "The Most Beautiful Experiment in Biology"

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085402
eISBN:
9780300129663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085402.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the responses proposed by others to the challenge posed by Max Delbruck's provocative paper on the DNA replication problem. This occurred while Meselson and Stahl attended to ... More


Introduction

Peter Richmond, Jürgen Mimkes, and Stefan Hutzler

in Econophysics and Physical Economics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199674701
eISBN:
9780191780066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674701.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter defines physics as the only science that takes it upon itself to explore those areas of the universe where the fundamental laws are unknown. It is often a surprise to many that ... More


Conversing Seriously with Sociologists

N. David Mermin

in The One Culture?: A Conversation about Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226467221
eISBN:
9780226467245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226467245.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reexamines exchanges with sociologists on relativity, with a view to identifying avoidable ways in which they misunderstood each other, seeing what residual disagreements remain, and ... More


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