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The Mental Aftermath: The Mentality of German Physicists 1945-1949

Klaus Hentschel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205660
eISBN:
9780191709388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205660.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book identifies and discusses the puzzlingly uniform behaviour and mentality of German physicists in the immediate aftermath of World War II. During the first half-decade of the Allied ... More


Kelvin on Atoms and Molecules

Elizabeth Garber

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on Lord Kelvin's works on atoms and molecules. He published his first paper on the subject in 1861 and his last in 1907. His first foray into atoms and molecules was to estimate ... More


Kelvin—The Legacy

Andrew Whitaker

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the legacy of Lord Kelvin. A century after his death, Kelvin's name is also associated with the Kelvin-Planck statement of the second law of thermodynamics, and several other ... More


William Thomson: An Introductory Biography

Mark McCartney

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter presents a biography of William Thomson. Topics covered include his early years in Glasgow College, his experiences at Cambridge University, his election as the Chair of Natural ... More


Statistical Physics and Economic Fluctuations

H. Eugene Stanley, Xavier Gabaix, Parameswaran Gopikrishnan, and Vasiliki Plerou

in The Economy as an Evolving Complex System, III: Current Perspectives and Future Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162592
eISBN:
9780199850495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162592.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

To try to understand better puzzles regarding economic fluctuations, this chapter presents an overview of collaborative research between economists and physicists, which is focused on applying ideas ... More


Convention Objectified and the Past Unlocked

Huw Price

in Time's Arrow & Archimedes' Point: New Directions for the Physics of Time

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195117981
eISBN:
9780199853045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195117981.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Philosophers and physicists provide two perspectives of a single object. They argue and contend, for they see with different eyes, each claiming that his own is clear and true. It is not realized ... More


Prologue

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the LHC project and its main motivation: the exploration of ‘zeptospace’. Zeptospace is a word invented in this book to designate the world as viewed at lengths of hundred ... More


Faith and Criticism: The Problem Generalized

Basil Mitchell

in Faith and Criticism: The Sarum Lectures 1992

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198267584
eISBN:
9780191683312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267584.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Since the 1930s, there has been a deep division among physicists about how to interpret the fundamental concepts of quantum mechanics. Each side in the dispute holds to its opinion, though well aware ... More


Introduction

KLAUS HENTSCHEL

in The Mental Aftermath: The Mentality of German Physicists 1945-1949

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205660
eISBN:
9780191709388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205660.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the validity of analyzing the chosen scientific community of physicists within the period 1945 to 1949 as the subject of a history of mentality ... More


Constructing Holography

SEAN F. JOHNSTON

in Holographic Visions: A History of New Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198571223
eISBN:
9780191718908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571223.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on how a new branch of optics, now known as 'holography' grew from the work of Gabor, Denisyuk, Leith, and Upatnieks. This repackaging was slow and contentious, and led to ... More


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