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Anti-Externalism

Joseph Mendola

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Externalism about mental content is the view that things outside of the skin or in the past are constitutive parts of present mental states. Internalism is the denial of externalism. This book ... More


A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Gregg H. Rosenberg

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What place does consciousness have in the natural world? If we reject materialism, could there even be a credible alternative? In this book, the author addresses the causal role of consciousness in ... More


Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundations

Jeffrey Poland

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198249801
eISBN:
9780191681202
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198249801.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Physicalism is a programme for building a unified system of knowledge based on the view that everything is a manifestation of the physical aspects of existence. This book presents an exploration of ... More


Conclusion

Gregg Rosenberg

in A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter revisits the sliding tile puzzle metaphor that the author presented in the first part of this book. Through the challenges and regressive moves he made, the author was able to defend a ... More


 Does Representationalism Undermine the Knowledge Argument?

Torin Alter

in Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171655
eISBN:
9780199871339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171655.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The knowledge argument aims to refute physicalism — the view that the world is entirely physical. The argument first establishes the existence of facts (or truths or information) about consciousness ... More


Individual Freedom: Actions

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Defending a non-value-based and therefore purely empirical conception of overall freedom must involve showing how available actions can, at least in theory, be individuated and counted. The problems ... More


Identification of the Physical Bases

Jeffrey Poland

in Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198249801
eISBN:
9780191681202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198249801.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is devoted to the identification of the physical bases of the physicalist system. It critically reviews a number of past, failed, strategies for characterizing the bases, and suggests a ... More


The Metatheses of Physicalism

Jeffrey Poland

in Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198249801
eISBN:
9780191681202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198249801.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter formulates a number of metatheses concerning the physicalist principles just developed. The importance of framing metatheses lies in the clarification they provide concerning the kind of ... More


Assessment of the Physicalist Programme

Jeffrey Poland

in Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198249801
eISBN:
9780191681202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198249801.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter applies the criteria of assessment developed in Chapter 1 to the physicalist doctrine as developed in Chapters 3 to 5. It argues that the theses constitute adequate expressions of ... More


Significance of the Physicalist Programme

Jeffrey Poland

in Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198249801
eISBN:
9780191681202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198249801.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter surveys aspects of the significance of the physicalist programme for philosophy, science, culture, and the individual. This is a less systematic and less comprehensive discussion than ... More


Kripke's Argument Against Materialism

Eli Hirsch

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends Saul Kripke's argument. The basic principle underlying the argument is that if a sentence contains only terms that pick out their referents essentially then, if the sentence ... More


Physicalist Responses to the Argument against Physicalism

Gregg Rosenberg

in A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The argument against physicalism is an argument against the claim that the physical facts entail the facts about phenomenal consciousness. To be able to explain why orthodox physicalist's approaches ... More


Introduction

Jeffrey Poland

in Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198249801
eISBN:
9780191681202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198249801.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins by setting out the primary objectives of the book, which are to clarify what it means to be a physicalist and to come to an understanding of the issues bearing upon whether ... More


The Problem of Formulation

Jeffrey Poland

in Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198249801
eISBN:
9780191681202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198249801.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter identifies the fundamental ideas and motivations that fuel the physicalist's thinking and that guides subsequent efforts at properly formulating physicalist theses. It begins by stating ... More


Review of Past Formulations

Jeffrey Poland

in Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198249801
eISBN:
9780191681202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198249801.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter reviews the most prominent recent formulations of physicalist doctrine to determine how well they fare relative to the criteria of adequacy set out in Chapter 1. It argues that every ... More


The Theses of Physicalism

Jeffrey Poland

in Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198249801
eISBN:
9780191681202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198249801.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter formulates a set of theses that ultimately aim to satisfy the criteria of assessment set up in Chapter 1. Thus, they must be theses that are sufficient for expressing the core ideas of ... More


Consciousness and Introspective Inaccuracy 1

Derk Pereboom

in Metaphysics and the Good: Themes from the Philosophy of Robert Merrihew Adams

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199542680
eISBN:
9780191715396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542680.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter contends that a Kantian perspective on the nature of introspective representation inspires a defense of a physicalist understanding of phenomenal states in the face of the most prominent ... More


The Metaphysics of Reference

Jerry A. Fodor

in LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199548774
eISBN:
9780191721106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548774.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

Only matter has causal powers. The underlying metaphysical intuition is perhaps clear enough to be getting on with: whatever enters into causal interactions is constituted of the sort of stuff that ... More


Explanatory gaps and dualist intuitions

David Papineau

in Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses a set of ideas associated with the phrase ‘the explanatory gap’ and their methodological implications. The ‘explanatory gap’ refers to the lack of any conceptual tie between ... More


Causality at higher levels

Philip Pettit

in Causal Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Debate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524021
eISBN:
9780191689093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524021.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter analyses various types of causal relationships and argues for the legitimacy of causal claims at higher levels. First, it formulates the physicalist doctrine and discusses the ... More


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