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 Occult Chemistry, Instrumentation, and the Theosophical Science of Direct Perception

Mark S. Morrisson

in Modern Alchemy: Occultism and the Emergence of Atomic Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306965
eISBN:
9780199785414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306965.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses how the close relationship between Theosophical theories of matter and the new atomic science led Theosophists to launch a decades-long research program of “clairvoyant ... More


Physical Determinism

J. R. LUCAS

in The Freedom of the Will

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Physical determinism is easily the most important type of determinism today. It is the only one that poses a credible threat to freedom. None of the other sorts of determinism are convincing, even ... More


Physical Causal Closure and the Invisibility of Mental Causation

E. J. Lowe

in Personal Agency: The Metaphysics of Mind and Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217144
eISBN:
9780191712418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217144.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops more detailed models of mental causation of the kinds adumbrated, and explains why, if such models are correct, it should nonetheless appear to be the case, from the perspective ... More


Disciplinary Boundaries and Border Disputes

Alice Jenkins

in Space and the 'March of Mind': Literature and the Physical Sciences in Britain 1815-1850

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209927
eISBN:
9780191706431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209927.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter focuses on debates about the construction of boundaries between scientific disciplines in the period. Even as the physical sciences were rapidly separating into disciplines, each with ... More


Two Types of Science

Colin McGinn

in Basic Structures of Reality: Essays in Meta-Physics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199841103
eISBN:
9780199919529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841103.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

The natural taxonomy of the empirical sciences would break the sciences down into three basic groups: the physical sciences (physics, astronomy, chemistry, geology, metallurgy), the biological ... More


Intentional Error

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on intentional error. Intentional error production on the part of the experimenter is probably as relatively rare an event in the psychological experiment as it is in the ... More


The Experimenter as Observer

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses some of the disciplines that have shown a self-conscious awareness of the problem of observer effects. These include the physical sciences, biological sciences, behavioral ... More


Interpretation of Data

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Identical observations are often interpreted differently by different scientists, and that fact and its implications are the subject of this chapter. Interpretation effects are most simply defined as ... More


Mathematics and Physical Science

Christian Pfeiffer

in Aristotle's Theory of Bodies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198779728
eISBN:
9780191824753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779728.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter concerns the relation between physical science and mathematics. There is no contradiction involved in the assumption that both the physicist and the mathematician study body and ... More


Mill's Radicalization of Induction

in Reforming Philosophy: A Victorian Debate on Science and Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226767338
eISBN:
9780226767352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226767352.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the reforms Mill proposed in science to counter the view of Whewell. It shows that his overriding desire was to expel the intuitionist philosophy from its “stronghold” in ... More


Motion, Change, and Physics

Colin McGinn

in Basic Structures of Reality: Essays in Meta-Physics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199841103
eISBN:
9780199919529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841103.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

In his article on motion in the Encyclopedia of Philosophy, the distinguished historian and philosopher of physics Max Jammer writes: “The predominant role of the concept of motion in physical ... More


Body in the Context of Physical Science

Christian Pfeiffer

in Aristotle's Theory of Bodies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198779728
eISBN:
9780191824753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779728.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Motion, the infinite, place, and time are part of the conceptual underpinnings of physical science. The chapter argues that in the same way the study of body should be seen as indispensable for the ... More


Getting Started with R: An introduction for biologists

Andrew P. Beckerman and Owen L. Petchey

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199601615
eISBN:
9780191774539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601615.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Learning how to get answers from data is an integral part of modern training in the natural, physical, social, and engineering sciences. One of the most exciting changes in data management and ... More


Laws, Vindication, and Ontology

Steven Horst

in Laws, Mind, and Free Will

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015257
eISBN:
9780262295741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015257.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is concerned with the putative difference between psychology and the physical sciences. Although this difference has been viewed as problematic for psychology, it is yet to be seen why ... More


Breaking into the Lab: Engineering Progress for Women in Science

Sue V. Rosser

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776452
eISBN:
9780814771525
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776452.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Why are there so few women in science? This book uses the experiences of successful women scientists and engineers to answer the question of why elite institutions have so few women scientists and ... More


Laws, Mind, and Free Will

Steven Horst

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015257
eISBN:
9780262295741
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015257.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book addresses the apparent dissonance between the picture of the natural world that arises from the sciences and our understanding of ourselves as agents who think and act. If the mind and the ... More


G. Stanley Hall and the Child Study Movement

Alice Boardman Smuts

in Science in the Service of Children, 1893-1935

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108972
eISBN:
9780300128475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108972.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses a new scientific psychology, modeled on the physical sciences, which emerged in Europe in the 1860s. It first flourished in Germany, and reached America in the 1870s. It was ... More


Subjective Physicalism

Robert J. Howell

in The Case for Qualia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262232661
eISBN:
9780262286497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262232661.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents four theses with which most philosophers agree, namely, that the world is a world of physical things, that the physical sciences tell the complete causal story about the world, ... More


Introduction

Christian Pfeiffer

in Aristotle's Theory of Bodies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198779728
eISBN:
9780191824753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779728.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Introduction locates the study of body within Aristotle’s philosophy and within contemporary metaphysics. Today, philosophers discuss these topics in the field of mereology or, more specifically, ... More


What Was Reductionism?

in Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows how the philosophical problem of reductionism has been modified over the course of the last half century by discoveries in biology and advances in the philosopher's understanding ... More


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