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“Who is that woman?”: Female Physical Educators, 1890s–1940s

Martha H. Verbrugge

in Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 1 opens with a brief history of physical education as a profession in the United States from the 1890s through 1940s. It then focuses on white and black women who became gym teachers during ... More


Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Martha H. Verbrugge

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

This book examines the philosophies, experiences, and instructional programs of white and black female physical educators who taught in public schools and diverse colleges and universities, including ... More


Body, Science, and Difference in the Gym

Martha H. Verbrugge

in Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.003.0000
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

The introduction reviews broad changes and persistent inequities in American physical education during the twentieth century. Students’ experiences in the gym varied considerably by gender, race, ... More


The Body of the Citizen-Soldier Physical Education and the State

Joan Tumblety

in Remaking the Male Body: Masculinity and the uses of Physical Culture in Interwar and Vichy France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199695577
eISBN:
9780191745072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695577.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter explores the conceptual and institutional links between physical culturist ‘experts’ and the public powers: the former often functioned as lobbyists or advisers with close ties to ... More


Some Relations Of Physical Training To The Present Problems Of Moral Education In Americ

Josiah Royce

in Race Questions, Provincialism, and Other American Problems: Expanded Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231324
eISBN:
9780823235568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231324.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter suggests the correlation of teachers of physical education with that of others who are engaged in moral education. It also summarizes the theses upon which ... More


The Professionalization of Physical Culture: Making and Measuring Whiteness

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 3 examines the use of spirometer in physical education at U.S. college and universities and its role in monitoring and marking Anglo-Saxon manhood and womanhood.


Who Killed the New Man?

Maxine Leeds Craig

in Sorry I Don't Dance: Why Men Refuse to Move

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199845279
eISBN:
9780199369614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845279.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality, Race and Ethnicity

Drawing on archival sources and Tarzan, Babbitt, The Virginian, and Penrod, this chapter follows the ascendancy of dance as a popular amusement in the 1910s and 1920s and the initial class ... More


Progress and Race: Vitality in Turn-of-the-Century Britain

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 4 examines the spirometer in physical education in mid-nineteenth century Britain and its later use by Francis Galton as part of a test for “bodily efficiency” that he considered useful in ... More


Physical Education Teachers

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0040
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

As noted in Chapter 36, children with disabilities have varied experiences in inclusive physical education (PE) settings. The purpose of this chapter is to review the research on inclusive PE ... More


Physical Education Students

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

Physical education (PE) is a potentially major site for delivering physical activity (PA) and sporting opportunities to children with disabilities. Most children with disabilities are officially ... More


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