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“Who is that woman?”: Female Physical Educators, 1890s–1940s

Martha H. Verbrugge

in Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 1 opens with a brief history of physical education as a profession in the United States from the 1890s through 1940s. It then focuses on white and black women who became gym teachers during ... More


Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Martha H. Verbrugge

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

This book examines the philosophies, experiences, and instructional programs of white and black female physical educators who taught in public schools and diverse colleges and universities, including ... More


Body, Science, and Difference in the Gym

Martha H. Verbrugge

in Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.003.0000
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

The introduction reviews broad changes and persistent inequities in American physical education during the twentieth century. Students’ experiences in the gym varied considerably by gender, race, ... More


The Body of the Citizen-Soldier Physical Education and the State

Joan Tumblety

in Remaking the Male Body: Masculinity and the uses of Physical Culture in Interwar and Vichy France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199695577
eISBN:
9780191745072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695577.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter explores the conceptual and institutional links between physical culturist ‘experts’ and the public powers: the former often functioned as lobbyists or advisers with close ties to ... More


Some Relations Of Physical Training To The Present Problems Of Moral Education In Americ

Josiah Royce

in Race Questions, Provincialism, and Other American Problems: Expanded Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231324
eISBN:
9780823235568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231324.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter suggests the correlation of teachers of physical education with that of others who are engaged in moral education. It also summarizes the theses upon which ... More


The Professionalization of Physical Culture: Making and Measuring Whiteness

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 3 examines the use of spirometer in physical education at U.S. college and universities and its role in monitoring and marking Anglo-Saxon manhood and womanhood.


Who Killed the New Man?

Maxine Leeds Craig

in Sorry I Don't Dance: Why Men Refuse to Move

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199845279
eISBN:
9780199369614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845279.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality, Race and Ethnicity

Drawing on archival sources and Tarzan, Babbitt, The Virginian, and Penrod, this chapter follows the ascendancy of dance as a popular amusement in the 1910s and 1920s and the initial class ... More


Progress and Race: Vitality in Turn-of-the-Century Britain

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 4 examines the spirometer in physical education in mid-nineteenth century Britain and its later use by Francis Galton as part of a test for “bodily efficiency” that he considered useful in ... More


Physical Education Teachers

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0040
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

As noted in Chapter 36, children with disabilities have varied experiences in inclusive physical education (PE) settings. The purpose of this chapter is to review the research on inclusive PE ... More


Desk Diseases

Michael Zakim

in Accounting for Capitalism: The World the Clerk Made

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226977973
eISBN:
9780226545899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226545899.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Capitalist life was plagued by an epidemic of nervous disorders, a somatic expression of the prevailing ethic of “goaheadtiveness” and the price men paid for having abandoned the productive arts. But ... More


Physical Education Students

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

Physical education (PE) is a potentially major site for delivering physical activity (PA) and sporting opportunities to children with disabilities. Most children with disabilities are officially ... More


Embodied Nation: Sport, Masculinity, and the Making of Modern Laos

Simon Creak

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824838898
eISBN:
9780824869724
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838898.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book examines how sport and ideas of physicality have shaped the politics and culture of modern Laos. Viewing the country's extraordinary transitions—from French colonialism to royalist ... More


Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Lundy Braun

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The spirometer is used routinely to diagnose respiratory disease in specialist and primary care settings, although most patients probably do not recognize the name of the device. An important feature ... More


Globalizing Spirometry: The “Racial Factor” in Scientific Medicine

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 5 tracks the spirometer as it moved among the U.S., Britain, and South Africa at a moment when users recognized the pressing need to distinguish between “normal” and “abnormal” lung capacity.


The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization: Advancing Global Health through Human Rights in Education and Science

Audrey R. Chapman and Konstantinos Tararas

in Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190672676
eISBN:
9780190672713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672676.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the human rights work of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and its interconnection with initiatives relating to global health. ... More


Learning Loyalty

Mathew A. Foust

in Loyalty to Loyalty: Josiah Royce and the Genuine Moral Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823242696
eISBN:
9780823242733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823242696.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter joins Royce in tracing the origins and development of ethical experience. Because for Royce, the genuine moral life is one of loyalty and loyalty to loyalty, in articulating a Roycean ... More


• Social and Intellectual Environment

Clive Brown

in A Portrait of Mendelssohn

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095395
eISBN:
9780300127867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095395.003.0010
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Several first-hand accounts offer a glimpse into Felix Mendelssohn's environment and activities, as well as the people who belonged to his close circle during his teenage years in Berlin. Eduard ... More


Social Barriers

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

People with disabilities often face social barriers to physical activity (PA). The purpose of this chapter is to survey research on the most common social groups who limit or prevent people with ... More


Black Lungs and White Lungs: The Science of White Supremacy in the Nineteenth-Century United States

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 2 explores the uptake of the spirometer in the U.S. where it was used to study racial difference in a large anthropometric study at the end of the Civil War. While Frederick Hoffman drew on ... More


Perfection and the Psychophysical Process of Habituation

Mariska Leunissen

in From Natural Character to Moral Virtue in Aristotle

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190602215
eISBN:
9780190602239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190602215.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, General

Chapter 5 offers a psychophysical account of how habituation changes the bodies and souls of men and makes them virtuous, by building on Aristotle’s discussion of habituation as a form of perfection ... More


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