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Introduction

A. Schmidt-Rhaesa

in The Evolution of Organ Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566687
eISBN:
9780191718007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566687.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This introductory chapter provides definitions and explains the scope of the book. It explains how conclusions are drawn from trees, how they are used to build these trees, why gametes are included, ... More


Ancestry: Evolutionary history, molecular systematics, and evolutionary ecology of Canidae

Xiaoming Wang, Richard H. Tedford, Blaire Van Valkenburgh, and Robert K. Wayne

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the evolutionary history, molecular systematics, and evolutionary ecology of canids. Topics covered include the Hesperocyoninae, Borophaginae, and Caninae subfamilies; ... More


Perspectives

ZIHENG YANG

in Computational Molecular Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses current challenges and future perspectives of the field. Topics covered include theoretical issues in phylogeny reconstruction, computational issues in analysis of large and ... More


Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution

Alessandro Minelli

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198566205
eISBN:
9780191713866
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566205.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Animal phylogeny is currently undergoing a major revolution due to the availability of an exponentially increasing amount of molecular data and the application of novel methods of phylogenetic ... More


Color Vision

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses why animals have evolved different numbers, ranges, and placements of spectral channels in their color-vision systems. It also examines the factors, such as water transmission, ... More


Estimating the history of mutations on a phylogeny

Jonathan P. Bollback, Paul P. Gardner, and Rasmus Nielsen

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolution has left its signature on the molecules and morphology of living organisms. Ancestral reconstruction offers an excellent tool for understanding the process of evolution using comparative ... More


The Evolution of Organ Systems

Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566687
eISBN:
9780191718007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566687.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The field of systematics has developed remarkably over the last few decades. A multitude of new methods and contributions from diverse biological fields — including molecular genetics and ... More


Introduction – Blueprint of a Bird (Bauplan/Body plan)

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter focuses on the characterization of birds as a group; why they differ from other vertebrates; and how they have evolved. The most recent evolutionary trees of birds are provided, as well ... More


Adaptation: A Special and Onerous Concept

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the concept of adaptation and how it is applied (and sometimes misapplied) to cooperation. It starts with George C. Williams's idea that adaptation is a “special and onerous ... More


Blanford's foxes: Evolution, behavioural ecology, and conservation of Blanford's foxes

Eli Geffen

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

While the morphology typical of canids adapts them to endurance running, and consequently to life in open habitats, a few species have specialized to other habitats such as rainforests, or even to ... More


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