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Historical and Conceptual Perspectives on Modern Systematics: Groups, Ranks, and the Phylogenetic Turn

Andrew Hamilton

in Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276581
eISBN:
9780520956759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276581.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

It was not a foregone conclusion that systematics should be phylogenetic. Several commentators on both sides of the Atlantic pointed to logistical, epistemic, and ontological reasons why a ... More


Three Revolutions in Tree Building

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines three revolutionary developments in the way trees were constructed and visualized during the twentieth century: the emergence in the 1960s of two new, quite different schools of ... More


Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Sandra Knapp (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Cladistics, or phylogenetic systematics — an approach to discovering, unraveling, and testing hypotheses of evolutionary history — took hold during a turbulent and acrimonious time in the history of ... More


Homology as a Bridge between Evolutionary Morphology, Developmental Evolution, and Phylogenetic Systematics

Manfred D. Laubichler

in Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276581
eISBN:
9780520956759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276581.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Homology, a central concept in comparative biology, has been variously understood over the last century. This chapter tracks several versions of homology over time and through the lens of the ... More


Willi Hennig’s Part in the History of Systematics

Michael Schmitt

in Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276581
eISBN:
9780520956759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276581.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Willi Hennig, a shy and modest entomologist, is regarded to have caused a “revolution” in systematics. A condensed description of his life and career provide the background of an evaluation of his ... More


The New Systematics, the New Taxonomy, and the Future of Biodiversity Studies

Quentin Wheeler and Andrew Hamilton

in Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276581
eISBN:
9780520956759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276581.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The New Systematics, the New Taxonomy, and the Future of Biodiversity Studies This chapter places the future practice of taxonomy in its historical and conceptual context, asking what kinds of ... More


Comparative Biogeography: Discovering and Classifying Biogeographical Patterns of a Dynamic Earth

Lynne Parenti

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520259454
eISBN:
9780520944398
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259454.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

To unravel the complex shared history of the Earth and its life forms, biogeographers analyze patterns of biodiversity, species distribution, and geological history. So far, the field of biogeography ... More


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