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Approaches and Techniques

Stanley S. Hillman, Philip C. Withers, Robert C. Drewes, and Stanley D. Hillyard

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Amphibians

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198570325
eISBN:
9780191728259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570325.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes both analytic and measurement techniques used in the study of the environmental physiology of amphibians. The first section explores the benefits and pitfalls of utilizing ... More


Phylogenies in Ecology: A Guide to Concepts and Methods

Marc W. Cadotte and T. Jonathan Davies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691157689
eISBN:
9781400881192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157689.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This is the first book to critically review the application of phylogenetic methods in ecology, and it serves as a primer to working ecologists and students of ecology wishing to understand these ... More


Rate variation in the evolution of development: a phylogenetic perspective

Artyom Kopp

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Phylogenetic analysis of developmental pathways opens the way for examining general patterns in the evolution of development. Do some pathways evolve more rapidly than others? Is the rate of their ... More


Phylogenetic Models of Language Change

Russell D. Gray, Simon J. Greenhill, and Quentin D. Atkinson

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Computational methods derived from evolutionary biology are increasingly being applied to the study of cultural evolution. This is particularly the case in studies of language evolution, where ... More


Speciation, Extinction, and the Distribution of Phylogenetic Diversity

Marc W. Cadotte and T. Jonathan Davies

in Phylogenies in Ecology: A Guide to Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691157689
eISBN:
9781400881192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157689.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the use of phylogenetic methods to explain macroevolutionary trends in speciation, extinction, and the distribution of phylogenetic diversity across space and through time. The ... More


Materials and Methods

Yu-Feng Hsu and Jerry A. Powell

in Phylogenetic Relationships within Heliodinidae and Systematics of Moths Formerly Assigned to Heliodines Stainton (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098473
eISBN:
9780520916067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098473.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This study examined more than 1,800 specimens of adult Heliodinidae and more than 200 larval and pupal specimens preserved in ethanol. The Essig Museum of Entomology at the University of ... More


Morphological, physiological, and behavioural adaptations of desert animals to the abiotic environment

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Many animals show unique morphological and behavioural adaptations to desert extremes, while others are able to avoid these by behavioural means. This chapter focuses on patterns of convergent ... More


Mode and Tempo in the Evolution of Socio-Political Organization: Reconciling ‘Darwinian’ and ‘Spencerian’ Evolutionary Approaches in Anthropology*

Thomas E. Currie and Ruth Mace

in Culture Evolves

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199608966
eISBN:
9780191804656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199608966.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Traditional investigations of the evolution of human social and political institutions trace their ancestry back to nineteenth-century social scientists such as Herbert Spencer, and have concentrated ... More


Biochemical adaptation to environmental hypoxia

Jay F. Storz

in Hemoglobin: Insights into protein structure, function, and evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198810681
eISBN:
9780191847929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810681.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 8 explores mechanisms of hemoglobin adaptation to environmental hypoxia. Vertebrates living in hypoxic environments face the physiological challenge of optimizing the trade-off between oxygen ... More


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