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 Creationist Purpose and Irreducible Complexity Rebutted

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter rebuts irreducible complexity and creationism by explaining the reliability of dating techniques as well as sophisticated laboratory techniques that allow researchers to synthesize ... More


Basics in Molecular Evolution

Xun Gu

in Statistical Theory and Methods for Evolutionary Genomics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199213269
eISBN:
9780191594762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213269.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Molecular evolution is the study of the process of evolution at the level of DNA, RNA, and proteins, in which the neutral or nearly neutral evolution model has provided the theoretical basis. Yet, ... More


A comparative approach to Canis

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides a comparative background for the study of dog behaviour by introducing the main behavioural features of dog-like species of Canis. The main aim here is to give an understanding ... More


Domestication

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter deals with one of the most long-debated question about how dogs became domesticated. Traditional understanding of this process was based on the finding of archaeologists that are, ... More


FOURIER ANALYSIS ON FINITE ABELIAN GROUPS: SOME GRAPHICAL APPLICATIONS

Andrew Goodall

in Combinatorics, Complexity, and Chance: A Tribute to Dominic Welsh

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198571278
eISBN:
9780191718885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571278.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This article reviews basic techniques of Fourier analysis on a finite abelian group Q, with subsequent applications in graph theory. These include evaluations of the Tutte polynomial of a graph G in ... More


Ecological and Evolutionary Mechanisms

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A persistent challenge in evolutionary biology has been understanding how coevolution has produced complex webs of interacting species. This chapter investigates the suite of ecological, ... More


Probabilistic ancestral sequences based on the Markovian model of evolution: algorithms and applications

Gina M. Cannarozzi, Adrian Schneider, and Gaston H. Gonnet

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A probabilistic sequence (PS) is a sequence in which each position instead of having a single character (amino acid, nucleotide, or codon), has a vector describing the probability of each symbol ... More


Coarse projections of the protein-mutational fitness landscape

F. Nicholas Braun

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The extant phylogenetic variability of a given protein contains information about its underlying sequence-fitness landscape, potentially of value to ancestral reconstruction. In extracting such ... More


Reconstructing the ancestral eukaryote: lessons from the past

Mary J. O'Connell and James O. McInerney

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Reconstructing ancestral proteins relies heavily on accurate phylogeny reconstruction. This is a challenging area particularly for early eukaryote evolution. Despite decades of extensive studies to ... More


Conclusion and a way forward

David A. Liberles

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This concluding chapter discusses the various issues raised in the course of the book and suggests a way forward for readers attempting ancestral sequence reconstruction. Ancestral sequence ... More


Hermaphroditism in Caridean Shrimps: Mating Systems, Sociobiology, and Evolution, with Special Reference to Lysmata

Raymond T. Bauer

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Hermaphroditism is rare in the decapod Crustacea, but protandry (male to female sex change) is not uncommon in caridean shrimps. Protandric shrimps are generally mobile, living in high-density ... More


Molecular Approaches in Crustacean Evolutionary Ecology

Joseph Neigel and Brian Mahon

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Molecular markers provide powerful means to analyze relationships of descent both among individuals and among taxa. Microsatellite loci have become the standard for studies of paternity and kinship ... More


The logic of the data matrix in phylogenetic analysis

Brent D. Mishler

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The process of phylogenetic analysis inherently consists of two phases. First a data matrix is assembled, and then a phylogenetic tree is inferred from that matrix. There is obviously some feedback ... More


Taxonomy, Phylogenetics, and Evolution

Philip S. Ward

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

As the most species‐rich and biologically eclectic of all social insects, ants present considerable challenges to the process of cataloguing and understanding their remarkable diversity. Substantial ... More


Biogeographic and Taxonomic Patterns of Introduced Ants

Andrew V. Suarez, Terrence P. McGlynn, and Neil D. Tsutsui

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Predicting which species will invade and which areas will be invaded are primary goals of the study of biological invasions. Moving beyond the single species approach and investigating patterns of ... More


Holocene extinctions and the loss of feature diversity

Arne Ø. Mooers, Simon J. Goring, Samuel T. Turvey, and Tyler S. Kuhn

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Each species can be considered to possess a set of unique characters which comprise its feature diversity — the diversity that would be lost when that species goes extinct. Biodiversity is unevenly ... More


Reconstructing Language History

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume I: Approaches, Methodology, and Sound Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583423
eISBN:
9780191723438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583423.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Since all language history is reconstructed in varying degrees, methodology is of paramount importance. Four methods are discussed: (1) internal reconstruction from synchronic alternations; (2) ... More


Approaches and Techniques

Stanley S. Hillman, Philip C. Withers, Robert C. Drewes, and Stanley D. Hillyard

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Amphibians

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198570325
eISBN:
9780191728259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570325.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes both analytic and measurement techniques used in the study of the environmental physiology of amphibians. The first section explores the benefits and pitfalls of utilizing ... More


Taxonomy and Distribution of the Calanoid Copepod Family Heterorhabdidae

Taisoo Park

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098428
eISBN:
9780520916029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098428.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

In this revision of the calanoid copepod family Heterorhabdidae, 7 genera and 59 species are recognized, and 25 species are described as new. Included are keys to the genera and descriptions and ... More


A Taxonomic Revision and Phylogenetic Analysis of the Ant Genus Gnamptogenys Roger in Southeast Asia and Australasia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae)

John Lattke

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098442
eISBN:
9780520916043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098442.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Ants belonging to the genus Gnamptogenys are important and diverse predators in the forests of the tropics of the Americas, Southeast Asia, and Australasia. The recent rapid accumulation of these ... More


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