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Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

C. D. C. Reeve

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book provides an exploration of the epistemological, metaphysical, and psychological foundations of the Nicomachean Ethics. Rejecting current orthodoxy, this book argues that ... More


Introduction

C. D. C. REEVE

in Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter begins with a brief account of the genesis of this book, which seeks to elucidate the epistemological, metaphysical, and psychological foundations of Aristotle's Nicomachean ... More


 Radical Evil and the Narration of Goods

John Wall

in Moral Creativity: Paul Ricoeur and the Poetics of Possibility

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195182569
eISBN:
9780199835737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195182561.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The simplest (but by no means the only) form in which moral life itself requires creativity lies in the self’s teleological narration, alongside others, of the meaning of biological, social, and ... More


Happiness, Virtue, and the Apparent Good

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter turns to the other species of rational motivation, wish (boulêsis), arguing that this too is based on evaluative phantasia. When Aristotle says that we wish for what appears good to us, ... More


Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Daniel C. Russell

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

One of the most important developments in modern moral philosophy is the resurgence of interest in the virtues. This book explores two important hopes for such an approach to moral thought: that ... More


Practical Intelligence and the Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter sets forth the main aim of the book, viz. to argue that virtue ethics cannot survive without the thesis that phronesis, much as Aristotle conceived of it, is a crucial part of all the ... More


Right Action and Virtuous Motives

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In his recent book Morals from Motives, Michael Slote defends what he calls “agent-based virtue ethics”. This view consists of two theses: one about the nature of rightness and one about the nature ... More


Right Action and ‘The Virtuous Person’

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

People often describe virtue ethics as holding that an action is right if and only if it is what an agent with a virtuous character would do in the circumstances. Nonetheless, virtue ethicists in ... More


The Enumeration Problem

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter articulates a problem that virtue ethicists and their critics alike have almost entirely ignored, but which if unresolved would jeopardize the very possibility of virtue ethics. This ... More


Individuating the Virtues

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter proposes resolving the enumeration problem (explained in Chapter 5) by sorting the virtues into a structure of “cardinal” and “subordinate” virtues, and it examines three main issues in ... More


Some Virtues for Psychiatrists

Jennifer Radden and John Z. Sadler

in The Virtuous Psychiatrist: Character Ethics in Psychiatric Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195389371
eISBN:
9780199866328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389371.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Some of the virtues called for by the psychiatric setting are enumerated in Chapter 5. Several different kinds of character traits are included here: some are traits as essential in everyday as in ... More


Phronesis and the Unity of the Virtues

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The thesis that the virtues form a unity — in particular, that to have any virtue is to have them all — has struck many as hopelessly ambitious: isn't it obvious that people have some virtues and ... More


Wisdom in the Aristotelian Ethics

Anthony Kenny

in The Aristotelian Ethics: A study of the relationship between the Eudemian and Nicomachean ethics of Aristotle

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245544
eISBN:
9780191680878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245544.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses a study that looks separately at the phronesis-theory of each of the three treatises. It also compares the phronēsis-theory of the Aristotelian Ethics with that of the ... More


Embodied Virtue, Self-Cultivation, and Ethics

Lisa Raphals

in Ethics in Early China: An Anthology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888028931
eISBN:
9789882209800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028931.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Virtue ethics, one of the three major contemporary approaches to normative ethics, places emphasis on virtue or moral character. Within the Greek context on which it draws, it is centrally concerned ... More


Practical Wisdom

W.F.R. Hardie

in Aristotle's Ethical Theory

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246329
eISBN:
9780191680953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246329.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Book VI of the EN, which deals primarily with phronēsis, the excellence of the practical intellect, contains much that is of great importance for the understanding of Aristotle's ethical theory. ... More


Phronēsis

C. D. C. REEVE

in Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In Book VI of the Ethics, Aristotle tries to explain the precise nature of phronēsis by locating it in a complex conceptual network consisting of perception, scientific-knowledge, craft-knowledge ... More


Actions, Ends, and Functions

C. D. C. REEVE

in Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Book I of the Ethics is filled with complex arguments about eudaimonia and with important methodological remarks that vividly remind us of the limits of those arguments and of the power of the ... More


Eudaimonia and Eudaimōn Lives

C. D. C. REEVE

in Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An eudaimōn life needs enough eudaimonia, enough time, and enough external goods to be choiceworthy and lacking in nothing. Study or theoretical activity expressing wisdom is primary eudaimonia. ... More


Conclusion

C. D. C. REEVE

in Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The previous chapters have been largely silent on the philosophical merits of Aristotle's arguments, in the belief that analysis should precede criticism. This concluding chapter discusses how, ... More


Resolvable Dilemmas

Rosalind Hursthouse

in On Virtue Ethics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

V‐ rules may seem to fall foul of ‘the conflict problem’, failing to give us action guidance, when the requirements of different virtues conflict. Where hard cases or dilemmas are, ex hypothesi, ... More


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