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Universalism and Spiritual Science

Ann Lee Bressler

in The Universalist Movement in America, 1770-1880

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129861
eISBN:
9780199834013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195129865.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

A major part of Universalism’s appeal through the first half of the nineteenth century was its proponents’ reputation for contentiousness. The movement had always attracted more than its share of ... More


Epilogue: Some Consequences

Ann Thomson

in Bodies of Thought: Science, Religion, and the Soul in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199236190
eISBN:
9780191717161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236190.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

The final chapter gives an overview of the varieties of 18th‐century materialism, in particular Diderot's mature speculations in the Rêve de D'Alembert, the works of d'Holbach and Helvétius, and ... More


Three Foundational Documents and Their Indelibility

Michael T. Gilmore

in Surface and Depth: The Quest for Legibility in American Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157765
eISBN:
9780199787784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157765.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter investigates three of the foundational texts of American culture: John Winthrop’s Model of Christian Charity, William Penn’s plan for the city of Philadelphia, and Thomas Jeffersons ... More


Franz Joseph Gall: The Cerebral Organs of Mind

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

During the final decades of the 18th century, many scientists were trying to associate bodily features with personality characteristics. In particular, physiognomy, the art of judging character from ... More


The Unities of Mankind

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0051
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter fifty-one examines Hodge’s growing animosity toward slavery. While his biblical position on slavery never changed, he became convinced during the Civil War that slavery as it was practiced in ... More


The Ekphrasis of the Cicerone: the 19th Century

Andrew D. Miller

in Poetry, Photography, Ekphrasis: Lyrical Representations of Photographs from the 19th Century to the Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381908
eISBN:
9781781382356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381908.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

The chapter examines four 19th-century ekphrases of photographs. The poets are Pope Leo XIII, Herman Melville, Lewis Carroll and Walt Whitman. It concerns itself with the 19th-century’s notions of ... More


Introduction

Katja Guenther

in Localization and Its Discontents: A Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288208
eISBN:
9780226288345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288345.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Introduction draws the parallels between certain trends in modern neuroscience and developments in late nineteenth-century neuropsychiatry. Both are structured by the aporetic relationship ... More


Historical introduction

O.D. Creutzfeldt

in Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides a historical perspective to systematic scientific research on the cerebral cortex. The significance of the cerebral cortex for the higher integrative and intellectual functions ... More


Genealogy of the Cerebral Subject

Fernando Vidal and Francisco Ortega

in Being Brains: Making the Cerebral Subject

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780823276073
eISBN:
9780823277100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823276073.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The first chapter proposes to trace the distant roots of the cerebral subject to the late seventeenth century, and particularly to debates about the seat of the soul, the corpuscularian theory of ... More


Minds Intensely Unsettled

Christopher G. White

in Unsettled Minds: Psychology and the American Search for Spiritual Assurance, 1830–1940

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520256798
eISBN:
9780520942721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256798.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines how a group of religious Americans developed new discourses of spiritual progress built on insights gleaned from new psychologies such as phrenology. Beginning in this period, a ... More


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