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Photosynthesis

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Photosynthesis — both anoxygenic and oxygenic — allows access to new sources of energy. Oxygenic photosynthesis has the potential to create an oxygen-rich atmosphere and so allow aerobic respiration, ... More


Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

R. Ford Denison

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

As human populations grow and resources are depleted, agriculture will need to use land, water, and other resources more efficiently and without sacrificing long-term sustainability. This book ... More


 Evolution of the DNA World and the Chance Events That Accompanied It: More about Complexity

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

First life-forms appeared at least as early as 3.5 billion years ago in the form of prokaryotes. Some of these species developed oxygenic photosynthesis, which resulted in the presence of oxygen gas ... More


Phytoplankton and primary production

Michael P. Lizotte

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The phytoplankton comprises a diverse array of photosynthetic organisms. The majority of polar lakes are classified as ultra-oligotrophic based on maximum chlorophyll concentrations. However, few ... More


Benthic primary production in polar lakes and rivers

Antonio Quesada, Eduardo Fernández-Valiente, Ian Hawes, and Clive Howard-Williams

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The benthic component of lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams is often rich in biodiversity as well as biomass. The main communities in the benthic habitat are microbial mats, aquatic mosses, and green ... More


Effects of Endophytes on Their Hosts

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In symbiotic associations, there is great variation in ecological outcomes shaped by the underlying coevolutionary process. Endophytic fungi of grasses have been shown to affect host growth and ... More


Joseph Priestley, Enlightened Experimentalist

W. H. Brock

in Joseph Priestley, Scientist, Philosopher, and Theologian

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199215300
eISBN:
9780191706929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215300.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Priestley's observations and experiments enabled others to interpret nature in a new way. This chapter reviews these observations and experiments covering electrostatics, optics, pneumatic chemistry, ... More


Evolutionary Innovations and Environmental Change

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on internally generated changes due to evolutionary inventions of new forms life. These evolutionary inventions include the evolution of oxygen-yielding photosynthesis and the ... More


Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

David M Wilkinson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book raises and attempts to answer the following thought experiment: ‘For any planet with carbon-based life, which persists over geological time-scales, what is the minimum set of ecological ... More


Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Paul del Giorgio and Peter Williams (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Respiration represents the major area of ignorance in our understanding of the global carbon cycle. In spite of its obvious ecological and biogeochemical importance, most oceanographic and ... More


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