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Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Daniel Steel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The biological and social sciences often generalize causal conclusions from one context to others that may differ in some relevant respects, as is illustrated by inferences from animal models to ... More


The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Thomas Pradeu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What counts as an individual in the living world? What does it mean for a living thing to remain the same through time while constantly changing? Immunology, one of the most dynamic fields of today’s ... More


Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

John Dupré

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This volume collects essays written by John Dupré during his time as Director of the ESRC centre for Genomics in Society, and reflects his interest in the implications of emerging ideas in biology ... More


Carnap and the Caterpillar

Kitcher Philip

in Preludes to Pragmatism: Toward a Reconstruction of Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199899555
eISBN:
9780199980154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899555.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter shows how Carnap's conception of the proper goals and methods of philosophy can be used to support a pragmatist critique of some current tendencies in the philosophy of science. Carnap ... More


Mechanism schemas and the relationship between biological theories

Tudor M. Baetu

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0019
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Current accounts of the relationship between classical genetics and molecular biology favour the ‘explanatory extension’ thesis, according to which molecular biology elucidates aspects of inheritance ... More


Introduction

John Dupré

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introduction introduces the central themes that run through the following chapters, and provides a brief summary of the main theses defended in the chapters.


A Manifesto for a Processual Philosophy of Biology

John Dupré and Daniel J. Nicholson

in Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198779636
eISBN:
9780191824685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779636.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that scientific and philosophical progress in our understanding of the living world requires that we abandon a metaphysics of things in favour of one centred on processes. We ... More


Extrapolation and Heterogeneity

Daniel P. Steel

in Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the general methodological challenges that confront extrapolation in the biological and social sciences, and sketches the outlines of the mechanisms approach to those ... More


Heinrich Rickert: The Autonomy of Agency and the Science of Life

Peter J. Woodford

in The Moral Meaning of Nature: Nietzsche’s Darwinian Religion and Its Critics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226539751
eISBN:
9780226539928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226539928.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The final chapter turns to one of the most trenchant, sustained, and rigorous criticisms available of the entire trajectory of Nietzschean Life-philosophy and its turn to Darwinian ideas. This is to ... More


Raymond Ruyer

Ronald Bogue

in Deleuze's Philosophical Lineage

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748632992
eISBN:
9780748652570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632992.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter analyses Gilles Deleuze's engagement with the philosophical thoughts of Raymond Ruyer. It explains that Deleuze only briefly mentioned Ruyer in his Difference and Repetition, and that ... More


Swarming: Number versus Animal?

Eugene Thacker

in Deleuze and New Technology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748633364
eISBN:
9780748652600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633364.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines new forms of protest and organisation enabled by new technologies, particularly the use of the idea of swarming as a form of multiplicity in relation to this, presents a set of ... More


Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Daniel J. Nicholson and John Dupré (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198779636
eISBN:
9780191824685
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779636.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This collection of essays explores the metaphysical thesis that the living world is not ontologically made up of substantial particles or things, as has often been assumed, but is rather constituted ... More


Introduction: Progressive Steps toward a Unified Conception of Individuality Across the Sciences

Alexandre Guay and Thomas Pradeu

in Individuals Across the Sciences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199382514
eISBN:
9780199382538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199382514.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the main issues and themes of the volume. Approaches to individuality from metaphysics and philosophy of science are contrasted. Recent philosophical developments regarding ... More


Individuation, Process, and Scientific Practices

Otávio Bueno, Ruey-Lin Chen, and Melinda B. Fagan

in Individuation, Process, and Scientific Practices

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190636814
eISBN:
9780190636845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190636814.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The questions “What is an individual?” and “What things count as individuals?” are classic philosophical inquiries, currently pursued mainly within analytic metaphysics. This volume takes a new ... More


The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Mark Couch and Jessica Pfeifer (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher includes eleven chapters on the work of Kitcher. The chapters are written by leading scholars in their field: Nancy Cartwright and Alexandre Marcellesi, Lorraine ... More


Introduction

Karl S. Matlin, Jane Maienschein, and Manfred D. Laubichler

in Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry's "General Cytology"

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226520483
eISBN:
9780226520650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520650.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

In the 1920s, a group of American biologists decided to initiate a new project: the creation of a comprehensive cytology textbook with individual chapters from many of the leaders in the field, most ... More


The Biological Foundations of Bioethics

Tim Lewens

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198712657
eISBN:
9780191781001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712657.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Much work in bioethics, and also work in mainstream ethics and in political philosophy, is committed to substantive positions regarding the interpretation of biology. Sometimes these commitments are ... More


Introduction: The Biological Foundations of Bioethics

Tim Lewens

in The Biological Foundations of Bioethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198712657
eISBN:
9780191781001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712657.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Bioethics and the philosophy of biology have often been pursued in isolation from each other, and even in different institutions. This has led researchers in both domains to overlook contentious ... More


The Moral Meaning of Nature: Nietzsche’s Darwinian Religion and Its Critics

Peter J. Woodford

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226539751
eISBN:
9780226539928
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226539928.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

What does biological evolution tell us about the nature of religion, about ethical values, or even about the meaning and purpose of life? Notable contemporary debates have indicated the continuing ... More


Introduction*

Mark Couch and Jessica Pfeifer

in The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Philip Kitcher has made significant contributions to a variety of fields, including general philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of biology, ethics, and religion. The ... More


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