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Motivation and Agency

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What is motivation, and what is its place in the lives of intelligent agents? This is Mele's guiding question. His search for an answer is sensitive to the theoretical concerns of philosophers of ... More


Desire, Practical Reason, and the Good

Sergio Tenenbaum (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195382440
eISBN:
9780199870158
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382440.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Most philosophers working in moral psychology and practical reason think that either the notion of “good” or the notion of “desire” have central roles to play in our understanding of intentional ... More


Freedom and Reflection: Hegel and the Logic of Agency

Christopher Yeomans

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794522
eISBN:
9780199919253
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794522.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hegel’s Logic reveals an insightful and subtle engagement with the traditional problem of free will as it emerges from our basic commitment to the explicability of the world. While the dominant ... More


Action and its Explanation

David-Hillel Ruben

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This book pursues some novel and unusual standpoints in the philosophy of action. It rejects, for example, the most widely held view about how to count actions, and argues for what it calls a ... More


Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Mark Timmons, John Greco, and Alfred Mele (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

For more than thirty years, Robert Audi has been one of the most creative and influential philosophical voices on a broad range of topics in the fields of ethics, epistemology, philosophy of mind and ... More


Introduction

Ruben David-Hillel

in Action and its Explanation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This introductory chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to articulate a view of action and its explanation that most closely fits the author's conception. It also dismisses some ... More


Some Preliminaries

Ruben David-Hillel

in Action and its Explanation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces some further distinctions and terminology for the ensuing discussion of action. It notes the distinction between action and activity. It presents the idea of events intrinsic ... More


The Causal Theory of Action

Ruben David-Hillel

in Action and its Explanation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter addresses the causal theory of action. It clarifies the idea of belief and argues that there is no genuine sense of ‘belief’ in which there are sufficient beliefs to meet the ... More


Theories of Action and an Introduction to the Causal Theory of Action

Ruben David-Hillel

in Action and its Explanation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the idea of a particular sort of philosophical naturalism — folk naturalism — and explains what this doctrine says about action. It describes its commitment to a ... More


Philosophy of Action: Defective Action and Belief-Formation

Nigel Voak

in Richard Hooker and Reformed Theology: A Study of Reason, Will, and Grace

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260393
eISBN:
9780191602146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260397.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Examines Hooker’s philosophy of action, and in particular his views on defective action and belief-formation, in order to understand how the mental faculties, examined in the previous chapter, ... More


Causing Actions

Paul M. Pietroski

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252763
eISBN:
9780191598234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252769.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

When a person acts for a reason, mental events have causal effects. This makes it tempting, given various metaphysical considerations, to identify each (human) mental event with some biochemical ... More


The Voluntary

Sarah Broadie

in Ethics with Aristotle

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195085600
eISBN:
9780199833108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195085604.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In the context of perspectives drawn from philosophy of action and from Aristotle's natural philosophy, the chapter examines the ambiguity of the Aristotelian voluntary, its connections with censure ... More


More Theories

Ruben David-Hillel

in Action and its Explanation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces two versions of the agent causalist theory (ACT). One version is involved in a reification that is gratuitous; the other version is rejected on other grounds. It argues that ... More


A Counterfactual Theory of Causal Explanation

Ruben David-Hillel

in Action and its Explanation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter turns to the question of the explanation of action. It comments on explanation in general and action explanation in particular, which guides the subsequent discussion of causal action ... More


An Interview with Donald Davidson

Donald Davidson

in Problems of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198237549
eISBN:
9780191601378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237545.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The last chapter is an interview Ernest Lepore, Director of the Rutgers Center for Cognitive Science and a friend of the Davidson family, has conducted with the author in 1988. In this interview, the ... More


Attempts: In the Philosophy of Action and the Criminal Law

Gideon Yaffe

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590667
eISBN:
9780191595530
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590667.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

A large number of people are serving sentences not for completing crimes, but for trying to. The law governing attempted crimes, then, is of practical importance, but the questions that arise in the ... More


Adorno’s Negative Dialectic as a Form of Life: Expression, Suffering, and Freedom

Martin Shuster

in Autonomy After Auschwitz: Adorno, German Idealism, and Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226155487
eISBN:
9780226155517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226155517.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is the cornerstone of the book and accomplishes four large tasks. First, it elaborates Adorno’s theory of practical reason, including his notion of ‘the addendum,’ his philosophy of ... More


The Cambridge Theory of Action

Ruben David-Hillel

in Action and its Explanation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter addresses the question of the identity conditions for actions: what must be true for action a 1 = action a 2. It contrasts austere and prolific ... More


Doing Things for Reasons

Rüdiger Bittner

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143645
eISBN:
9780199833085
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143647.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What are the reasons for which people do things? A common answer is “the pairing of a desire and a belief within the agent”. Arguing that the desire‐belief‐theory is supported only by an old ... More


A Desire of One's Own

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his 1971 article, “Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person,” Harry G. Frankfurt pointed to a deep problem in the philosophy of action and sketched an attractive proposal for a solution. ... More


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