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Philosophical Naturalism and Intuitional Methodology

Alvin I. Goldman

in Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter studies philosophical methodology, which is considered as one of the most popular topics in philosophy. It considers the proper role for the sciences in philosophical inquiry and tries ... More


Democracy and Rationality: A Dialogue With Hilary Putnam

Linda Alcoff

in Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Alcoff, accepting Hilary Putnam's conclusion that rationality and democratic values are intrinsically connected, investigates the implications of his claim. Alcoff urges Putnam to devote more thought ... More


Introduction: Objective Rules of Thought

Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa and Benjamin W. Jarvis

in The Rules of Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661800
eISBN:
9780191748325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661800.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This introductory chapter begins by suggesting how philosophical anti-exceptionalism—the view that good philosophical inquiry is continuous with good inquiry considered more broadly—can be fruitfully ... More


Augustine and Academic Skepticism: A Philosophical Study

Blake D. Dutton

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452932
eISBN:
9781501703553
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452932.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Among the most important, but frequently neglected, figures in the history of debates over skepticism is Augustine of Hippo (354–430 CE). His early dialogue, Against the Academics, together with ... More


Inquiry and Belief on Authority

Blake D. Dutton

in Augustine and Academic Skepticism: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452932
eISBN:
9781501703553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452932.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines Augustine of Hippo's advocacy of belief on authority as a legitimate basis of philosophical inquiry and how it put him at odds with the Academics. Augustine's entry into the ... More


Afterword to Part I

Blake D. Dutton

in Augustine and Academic Skepticism: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452932
eISBN:
9781501703553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452932.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This afterword summarizes the main points of Augustine of Hippo's critique of Academic skepticism by focusing on four charges that he levels against it: first, that the Academics are neither happy ... More


What Is Hope?

Adrienne M. Martin

in How We Hope: A Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151526
eISBN:
9781400848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151526.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter explores the meanings of hope and posits two approaches to a philosophical inquiry into hope: the syndrome analysis and the incorporation analysis. It discusses the ... More


Poetry and Thought

Adrian Armstrong, Sarah Kay, Rebecca Dixon, Miranda Griffin, Sylvia Huot, Francesca Nicholson, and Finn Sinclair

in Knowing Poetry: Verse in Medieval France from the Rose to the Rhétoriqueurs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449734
eISBN:
9780801460586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449734.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter examines the sustained association between poetry and intellectual inquiry in late medieval French writing inspired by three crucial works: the Roman de la rose in the form continued by ... More


Happiness, Wisdom, and the Insufficiency of Inquiry

Blake D. Dutton

in Augustine and Academic Skepticism: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452932
eISBN:
9781501703553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452932.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines Augustine of Hippo's rejection of the Socratic ideal of the good life and his belief that wisdom was a type of knowledge necessary to happiness. Augustine was unimpressed with ... More


A Priori Philosophy: Responses to Objections

Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa and Benjamin W. Jarvis

in The Rules of Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661800
eISBN:
9780191748325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661800.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter addresses three worries about the a priori. The first is that there cannot be a priori philosophical knowledge because philosophical faculties must be authenticated a posteriori. This ... More


A New Idealism

Donald J. Morse

in Faith in Life: John Dewey's Early Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823234707
eISBN:
9780823240760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234707.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter seeks to show, in particular, that Dewey's view comprises an original version of idealism that contributes to both nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinking. It then shows how this ... More


Conversion or Conversation? a Note on Plato’s Philosophical Methods

Timothy Chappell

in Pursuing the Good: Ethics and Metaphysics in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748628117
eISBN:
9780748652488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748628117.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Plato scholarship often tends to lead us in the direction of a very general choice about the nature of philosophical inquiry. The choice – which can emerge, for example, from thinking about the ... More


Sceptical Intuitions

Duncan Pritchard

in Intuitions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609192
eISBN:
9780191758973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609192.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter begins by exploring a philosophical case study of the use of intuitions — viz., the debate regarding the problem of radical scepticism, paying particular attention to key figures within ... More


Introduction

Iván Jaksić

in Debating Race, Ethnicity, and Latino Identity: Jorge J. E. Gracia and His Critics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169448
eISBN:
9780231537728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169448.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This book is a collection of important exchanges between Jorge J. E. Gracia and other prominent philosophers who have engaged him in dialogue on issues relating to race, ethnicity, nationality, and ... More


The Place of Topology

Jeff Malpas

in Heidegger and the Thinking of Place: Explorations in the Topology of Being

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016841
eISBN:
9780262304139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016841.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter claims that Heidegger’s work cannot adequately be understood except as topological in character, and so as centrally concerned with place—topos, Ort, Ortschaft. This is not to say, ... More


Human Passivity, Agency, and Hope

Adrienne M. Martin

in How We Hope: A Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151526
eISBN:
9781400848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151526.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This concluding chapter makes several arguments. It stresses that hope deserves rather a different reputation than it has. On the one hand, it does not deserve a reputation as either unqualifiedly ... More


Introduction The Enlightenment—Questions of Geography

in Placing the Enlightenment: Thinking Geographically about the Age of Reason

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226904054
eISBN:
9780226904078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904078.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This book is about understanding the Enlightenment—or to use one parallel term among many, the Age of Reason—geographically. It is, in several senses, an argument about and extended review of the ... More


Philosophy, Democracy, and the Turn to Film

Paul W. Kahn

in Finding Ourselves at the Movies: Philosophy for a New Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164382
eISBN:
9780231536028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164382.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the need for a new course in philosophical inquiry. Philosophy is an academic discipline addressing a professional readership, and therefore, must be an accessible form of ... More


‘Passionate Thinking’: Four Strategies for Reading

Isobel Armstrong

in Novel Politics: Democratic Imaginations in Nineteenth-Century Fiction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198793724
eISBN:
9780191835537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198793724.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, Criticism/Theory

This chapter presents an exposition of four principles for reading democratic imaginations. First, contemporary with the genesis of the novel, the philosophical Inquiry, open to different logics, is ... More


The Jurisprudence of Human Rights *

Jerome J. Shestack

in Human Rights in International Law: Legal and Policy Issues

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198255406
eISBN:
9780191681592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198255406.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter reveals and deepens our understanding of jurisprudence through philosophical inquiry. It is particularly valuable in directing attention not only to the definition of ‘rights’ but to ... More


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