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Concluding remarks

David P. Hughes and Patrizia d'Ettorre

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

As evidenced by this contributed volume communication is multifarious. It exists among organisms but also between cells and in networks, and even possesses inorganic properties as a result of ... More


Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Michael Doebeli

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Understanding the mechanisms driving biological diversity remains a central problem in ecology and evolutionary biology. Traditional explanations assume that differences in selection pressures lead ... More


Contribution of the parent plant to dispersal

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter considers aspects of the maternal parent, other than the tissues immediately around the seed, which contribute to the distances dispersed by plant propagules. It shows how plant ... More


Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

What is attention? How does it go wrong? Do attention deficits arise from genes or from the environment? Can we cure it with drugs or training? Are there disorders of attention other than deficit ... More


Chemical communication and the coordination of social interactions in insects

Patrizia d'Ettorre and Allen J Moore

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Effective communication, often involving pheromones, is a fundamental component of social life. Communication requires interactions to be expressed and it is convenient to consider communication ... More


Adaptive Diversification and Speciation as Pattern Formation in Partial Differential Equation Models

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses partial differential equation models. Partial differential equations can describe the dynamics of phenotype distributions of polymorphic populations, and they allow for a ... More


Conditional Behaviors and Inclusive Fitness

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines social behaviors that are expressed conditional on the phenotype of others. David Queller argued that inclusive fitness analyses need to be done on a per-behavior basis, citing ... More


Variants of Hamilton’s Rule and Evolutionary Explanations

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines four variants of Hamilton's rule and how they give different evolutionary explanations for certain social behaviors such as greenbeard traits. These variants are: HR1, which ... More


Heritability, Maximization, and Evolutionary Explanations

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines which of the equivalent alternative partitions of fitness, including inclusive fitness and group fitness, can be interpreted as being subject to natural selection in a ... More


Coarse projections of the protein-mutational fitness landscape

F. Nicholas Braun

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The extant phylogenetic variability of a given protein contains information about its underlying sequence-fitness landscape, potentially of value to ancestral reconstruction. In extracting such ... More


Population dynamics

D. Dudley Williams

in The Biology of Temporary Waters

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528128
eISBN:
9780191713538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528128.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter highlights the seasonality of temporary waters and how this relates to variability in the life cycles of their inhabitants, leading to discussion of phenotypic and genotypic solutions. ... More


Photoperiodism in Insects: Effects on Morphology

H. Frederik Nijhout

in Photoperiodism: The Biological Calendar

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335903
eISBN:
9780199775446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335903.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the role of photoperiodism on phenotype expression in insects. Topics covered include general patterns of expression of seasonal morphs in insects, the interaction of ... More


Brain-Related Health Care: New Models for Personalized Medicine in Psychiatry

David Whitehouse

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The healthcare industry and insurers hope that once accurate and effective gene and brain markers of brain disorders are identified and utilized, patient outcomes will be more successful. This is not ... More


Nestmate Recognition

Patrizia d'Ettorre and Alain Lenoir

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

The ability to recognize group members is a key characteristic of social life. Ants are typically very efficient in recognizing non‐group members and they aggressively reject them in order to protect ... More


Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

W. Maxwell Cowan, Thomas M. Jessell, and S. Lawrence Zipursky (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Although the major features of neural development have been known for nearly a century, it is only relatively recently that the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms have begun to be ... More


Modern Family History Studies

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.30
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Family history studies are now used for a much wider range of purposes than in the past. This chapter discusses their usefulness for refining phenotype definitions, targeting preventive ... More


Statistical Approaches to Gene X Environment Interactions for Complex Phenotypes

Michael Windle (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034685
eISBN:
9780262335522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034685.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Findings from the Human Genome Project and from Genome-Wide Association (GWA) studies indicate that many diseases and traits manifest a more complex genomic pattern than previously assumed. These ... More


The Origins of Evolutionary Innovations: A Theory of Transformative Change in Living Systems

Andreas Wagner

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692590
eISBN:
9780191774829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692590.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The history of life is a nearly four billion-year-old story of transformative change. This change ranges from dramatic macroscopic innovations such as the evolution of wings or eyes, to a myriad of ... More


What is the Theory of Evolution?

John Dupré

in Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines evolution theory as a general proposition but not so much as a scientific theory. How the evolutionary thought started can be explained by the simple fact that life on Earth ... More


Wright’s Adaptive Landscape: Testing the Predictions of his Shifting Balance Theory

Michael J. Wade

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Our understanding of Wright's shifting balance theory (SBT) has deepened and its empirical predictions have been enriched by the theoretical, field and laboratory experimental research. Whereas ... More


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