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Medicine without Pharmaceutics

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0020
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Modern Western medicine came into being in the nineteenth century. All normal and sick processes in the body at that time were researched using chemical and physical methods and they were explained ... More


The Tang Era: Cultural Diversity, Conceptual Vacuum

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0043
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the emergence of pharmaceutical drugs in China. The drugs from the rest of the world came via long trade routes to China and a pharmaceutical book for the first time was ... More


The Authority of Distant Antiquity

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0045
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter provides an overview on a new world view, Neo-Confucianism, developed by philosophers of that era. This view of human society and of nature offered itself as a new model image for ... More


Zhang Ji's Belated Honors

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0046
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The Chinese government opened state apothecaries and published prescription books in the eleventh century. These were set up so that the educated patient could find his symptoms indexed in a table ... More


The Primacy of the Practical

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0051
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

China and Europe both looked back to antiquity, but with totally different preconditions. The rulers in China separated pharmacy from medicine. The physicians in China were employees, dependents of ... More


Acupuncturists, Barbers, and Masseurs

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0061
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

China witnessed significant decline in the use of acupuncture in 1500 but pharmaceutics had been steadily developing since antiquity. Li Shizhen's encyclopedia remains the definitive work. It has ... More


A Daughter Of The New South

Judith N. McArthur and Harold L. Smith

in Minnie Fisher Cunningham: A Suffragist's Life in Politics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195304862
eISBN:
9780199871537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304862.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter sketches Minnie Fisher Cunningham's early years in New Waverly (Walker County) in East Texas during the 1880s and 1890s, as the New South emerged from the economic devastation of the ... More


Introduction: Dangerous Remedies

Tanya Pollard

in Drugs and Theater in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199270835
eISBN:
9780191710322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270835.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Opening with an examination of the drug love-in-idleness in A Midsummer Night’s Dream, this introductory chapter discusses the proliferation of drugs and poisons on the English Renaissance stage. It ... More


City

Filippo De Vivo

in Information and Communication in Venice: Rethinking Early Modern Politics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199227068
eISBN:
9780191711114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227068.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter turns to the diverse social world surrounding the political elites: apothecaries, notaries, barbers, weavers, scriveners, mercers, boatmen, courtisans, and washerwomen. The emphasis here ... More


Origins; or, Paradise Dawning

Werner Sollors

in Neither Black Nor White Yet Both: Thematic Explorations of Interracial Literature

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195052824
eISBN:
9780199855155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195052824.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

Adam and Eve were a black–white couple. This is at least the way in which they have been depicted on an eighteenth-century door panel of the Alte (formerly Gärtnersche) Apotheke, a pharmacy in Calw ... More


Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book reviews health promotion in the context of the pharmacy practice. Since the publication of the first edition, major changes have taken place in the involvement of pharmacists in health ... More


Making Pharmacy Benefits Accountable for Reasonableness

Norman Daniels and James E. Sabin

in Setting Limits Fairly: Can we learn to share medical resources?

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149364
eISBN:
9780199865123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149364.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers what implementing accountability for reasonableness would mean in pharmacy benefit management. It presents an “ethical template” for the design of formularies and pharmacy ... More


What is health promotion?

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

in Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the history of the changing health of the population since the mid-19th century and addresses some of the key issues in health promotion today. It discusses the social, ... More


Major health challenges facing the 21st century

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

in Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

To be effective in the role of health promoters, pharmacists need to be aware of the major diseases, their prevention, and the importance of environmental, social, and biomedical factors. This ... More


How can behaviour be changed?

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

in Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the reasons why people pursue unhealthy behaviours. It then presents a model for behaviour change that pharmacists can use in their daily practice and provides an introduction ... More


Health promotion in pharmacy practice and primary care

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

in Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health promotion and disease prevention are now seen as a priority of the health service. The pharmacists' role must develop to reflect this shift in emphasis away from simply treating those who are ... More


Concordance in medicine-taking

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

in Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Treatment with medicines is an important component of health promotion. However, it has been estimated that patients's compliance with medicine is only around 50%. The term “concordance” describes an ... More


Smoking

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

in Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the pharmacists's role on promoting smoking cessation. Clinical trials have shown that nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) doubles the success rate of those attempting to quit ... More


Physical activity

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

in Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There is compelling evidence that a sedentary lifestyle is detrimental to health. The latest research shows that there are substantial benefits to be gained from a progression from no physical ... More


Oral health

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

in Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A large number of the population do not visit the dentist unless they are in pain, and many of these consult a pharmacist first. However, dentists often criticize pharmacists for giving mixed ... More


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