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Agriculture and Rural Development

Jyrki Liesivuori and Tee L. Guidotti

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Agricultural workers usually live in rural areas, sometimes isolated and remote from health care. They are required to perform many jobs as they are needed and carry out much of their work outdoors. ... More


The Alternative Agrifood Movement

Jill Lindsey Harrison

in Pesticide Drift and the Pursuit of Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015981
eISBN:
9780262298766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015981.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

To address the agrifood system problem of pesticide drift and environmental degradation, countless individuals and organizations have consistently tried to draw attention toward the failures of both ... More


Amid the Chard: Cultivating the Diverse Landscapes and Practices of a New England Organic Farm

Connor J. Fitzmaurice and Brian J. Gareau

in Organic Futures: Struggling for Sustainability on the Small Farm

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300199451
eISBN:
9780300224856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300199451.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter introduces Scenic View Farm and its owners and principal operators, John and Katie. After an overview of the farm’s history and characteristics relative to other New England farms, the ... More


Arable land

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Arable (also known as rowcrop fields) is land that is cultivated regularly for production of food and, increasingly, bioenergy. The value of arable land to wildlife is heavily influenced by the ... More


Assessing the Scope and Severity of Pesticide Drift

Jill Lindsey Harrison

in Pesticide Drift and the Pursuit of Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015981
eISBN:
9780262298766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015981.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Pesticide drift is a problem that needs critical examination, and to substantiate this assertion, the author presents technical evidence of pesticide illness and drift. This chapter begins with a ... More


Biological Control, Transnational Exchange, and the Construction of Environmental Thought in the United States, 1840–1920

James E. McWilliams

in Nation-States and the Global Environment: New Approaches to International Environmental History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199755356
eISBN:
9780199345090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755356.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This essay explores the attempt among North American entomologists and scientific farmers to develop biological methods of insect control in the United States between 1840 and 1920. Central to this ... More


Boll Weevils, Worms, and Moths: A Hundred-Year War

D. Clayton Brown

in King Cotton in Modern America: A Cultural, Political, and Economic History since 1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604737981
eISBN:
9781604737998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604737981.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the struggle against boll weevils. The Mexican boll weevil (A. grandis) became the most dreaded insect pest of the South, with its capacity to wipe out entire fields of cotton. ... More


The Budding Movement for Pesticide Reform, 1962–1972

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter examines the budding movement for pesticide reform during the period 1962–1972. It begins with a discussion of Rachel Carson’s 1962 book Silent Spring, which introduced the public to the ... More


Chemical Hazards

René Mendes

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes common classes of chemical hazards and some specific chemicals that are important in occupational health: 1) the gases that make up the chemical asphyxiants have in common the ... More


Chemical Hazards

Michael Gochfeld and Robert Laumbach

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Building on the principles of toxicology, this chapter describes chemicals by structure, source, use, mechanism of action, environmental properties, and target organ. Major advances in toxic effects ... More


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