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The School Tradition of the Old Testament: The Bampton Lectures for 1994

E. W. Heaton

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263623
eISBN:
9780191601156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263627.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The books of the Old Testament are often thought of as being remote and ‘primitive’. In fact, they were written by thoroughly learned men, educated in the traditional schools of ancient Israel. This ... More


 Chasing Duhem: The Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Nearly a century ago, French physicist Pierre Duhem offered a characteristically lucid and provocative articulation of the challenge to the power of scientific methods to uncover theoretical truths ... More


Optimism and Pessimism

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins with a basic list of intuitively plausible principles of intergenerational justice, against which Rule Consequentialism can be measured. It then establishes the Rule ... More


Trust and Distrust in Old and New Democracies

Petr Macek and Ivana Marková

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Research on the transition of countries in post-Communist Europe towards democracy mostly indicates that there is more political and institutional trust in Western democratic countries than in the ... More


Public Vision, Private Lives: Rousseau, Religion, and 21st-Century Democracy

Mark S. Cladis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125542
eISBN:
9780199834082
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125541.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Cladis reflects on the nature and place of the public and private in the work of Rousseau and, more generally, in democratic society. The tension between the hopes and desires of the individual and ... More


Conclusion

David Benatar

in Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296422
eISBN:
9780191712005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296422.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter first responds to the objection that the book's conclusions should be rejected on the grounds that they are counter-intuitive. The chapter then responds to the optimist and defends ... More


After Hegel: German Philosophy, 1840-1900

Frederick C. Beiser

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163093
eISBN:
9781400852536
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163093.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Histories of German philosophy in the nineteenth century typically focus on its first half—when Hegel, idealism, and Romanticism dominated. By contrast, the remainder of the century, after Hegel's ... More


The Birth of Hedonism: The Cyrenaic Philosophers and Pleasure as a Way of Life

Kurt Lampe

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161136
eISBN:
9781400852499
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161136.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to Xenophon, Socrates tried to persuade his associate Aristippus to moderate his excessive indulgence in wine, women, and food, arguing that only hard work can bring happiness. Aristippus ... More


Theological Characteristics and Use of Sources

Kenneth G. C. Newport

in The Sermons of Charles Wesley: A Critical Edition with Introduction and Notes

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269496
eISBN:
9780191600807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269498.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter deals mainly with the theological characteristics of the sermons, and briefly with the use that Wesley makes of his sources, especially the scriptures. The sermons are examined in two ... More


Honest Doubters

E. W. Heaton

in The School Tradition of the Old Testament: The Bampton Lectures for 1994

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263623
eISBN:
9780191601156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263627.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The presuppositions of the comfortable outlook – ‘God’s in his heaven: All’s right with the world’ – had been questioned from time to time over the centuries, but Job and Ecclesiastes are the only ... More


Overcoming Moral Evil: Rousseau at the Crossroads

Mark S. Cladis

in Public Vision, Private Lives: Rousseau, Religion, and 21st-Century Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125542
eISBN:
9780199834082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125541.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Rousseau is often celebrated or cursed as an exemplar Enlightenment philosopher who declared that although humans are naturally good, society tampers with us and thereby corrupts us. Although ... More


Introduction

James L. Crenshaw

in Defending God: Biblical Responses to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195140026
eISBN:
9780199835607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140028.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Psalms 77 and 104 present opposing worldviews: pessimism and optimism. Beliefs about reality are shaped by the circumstances of ordinary existence, which in turn become occasions for existential ... More


Optimism in Analysts' Earnings Predictions and Stock Recommendations

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Investors are slow to learn that security analysts do not always mean what they say. What investors hear is not always what analysts mean. This is partly because analysts do not always mean what they ... More


Options: How They're Used, How They're Priced, and How They Reflect Sentiment

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Option markets reflect all three behavioral themes. The chapter is organized around the way options are (1) used; (2) priced; and (3) reflect investor sentiment. The chapter begins with the popular ... More


Introduction

Julia Unwin

in Contemporary social evils

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424099
eISBN:
9781447301981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424099.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The concept of ‘evil’ appears to have led many people to look beyond commonly discussed social problems such as drugs, poverty or social exclusion, to express more fundamental, less tangible fears ... More


A Sketch of Schopenhauer's Central Ideas

Barbara Hannan

in The Riddle of the World: A Reconsideration of Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378948
eISBN:
9780199869589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378948.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents an overview of Schopenhauer's thought, explaining the main themes and arguments of his major works: On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason; The World as Will ... More


Pessimism, Depression, and Salvation

Barbara Hannan

in The Riddle of the World: A Reconsideration of Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378948
eISBN:
9780199869589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378948.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers Schopenhauer's pessimism and his doctrine of salvation as denial of the will. Schopenhauer's “single thought,” the insight at the heart of his philosophy, is supposedly ... More


Hope in a Democratic Age: Philosophy, Religion, and Political Theory

Alan Mittleman

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199297153
eISBN:
9780191700835
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297153.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

How and why should hope play a key role in a 21st-century democratic politics? This book offers a philosophical exploration of the theme, contending that a modern construction of hope as an emotion ... More


Who is GKC? 1900–2

William Oddie

in Chesterton and the Romance of Orthodoxy: The Making of GKC, 1874-1908

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199582013
eISBN:
9780191702303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582013.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter focuses on Chesterton's life and works from 1900–2. It details the start of his journalistic career by writing for The Bookman, his friendship with Hilaire Belloc, his literary articles ... More


Philosophy, Technology, and the Environment

David M. Kaplan (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035668
eISBN:
9780262337991
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035668.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Environmental philosophy and philosophy of technology have taken divergent paths despite their common interest in examining human modification of the natural world. Yet philosophers from each field ... More


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