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Presidentialization, Italian Style

Mauro Calise

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Italy represents, in most respects, an ideal-type for the presidentialization of the political system: the role of individual leaders has been greatly enhanced vis-à-vis their parties, while they ... More


Canada: Executive Dominance Canada: Executive Dominance and Presidentialization

Herman Bakvis and Steven B. Wolinetz

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster model, Canada does not qualify formally as a presidential system: The prime minister and other members of the political executive are responsible to ... More


Finland: Let the Force Be with the Finland: Let the Force Be with the Leader—But Who Is the Leader?

Heikki Paloheimo

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the early 1980s, the regime type of the Finnish political system has gradually mutated, because of the complementary processes of de-presidentialization and re-presidentialization. The former ... More


The Semi‐Sovereign American Prince: The Semi‐Sovereign American Prince: The Dilemma of an Independent The Dilemma of an Independent President in a Presidential Government 1

Fabbrini Sergio

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the 1960s, the electoral process in America has undergone a pronounced process of personalization. Candidates for the presidency have grown increasingly independent of the traditional party ... More


The Mixed‐Member Proportional System and Its Consequences in Bolivia

René Antonio Mayorga

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Bolivia's mixed‐member proportional (MMP) electoral system was only established in 1994 and was applied for the first time in the elections of June 1997, so it is not yet possible to make a ... More


Conclusion: Senior Officials in Western Europe

Edward C. Page and Vincent Wright

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The conclusion starts by noting that there are clearly highly diverse trends in the development of bureaucracy in Western Europe, and that, although in some countries patterns of change are quite ... More


Parties in Contemporary Democracies: Problems and Paradoxes

Juan J. Linz

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Juan Linz examines the same theme of anti‐party sentiments among citizens in contemporary democracies as did the previous chapter, but from an entirely different perspective. He starts by looking at ... More


Reform Proposals and Alternatives to Marriage

Stephen Macedo

in Just Married: Same-Sex Couples, Monogamy, and the Future of Marriage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691166483
eISBN:
9781400865857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166483.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter examines a range of proposals for the reform or replacement of marriage. These marriage reform proposals range from increasing the contractual aspects of marriage, to further ... More


Follow the Party or Follow the Leader? Candidate Evaluations, Party Evaluations, and Macropolitical Context

Yuliya V. Tverdova

in Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599233
eISBN:
9780191595790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Michigan model of voting contends that candidate images may influence individual voting behavior. Yet scholarly research has produced mixed results regarding the relative strength of party-based ... More


Micro-Enterprise and Personalisation: What Size is Good Care?

Catherine Needham, Kerry Allen, and Kelly Hall

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447319221
eISBN:
9781447319252
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447319221.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Shifts to independent delivery of health and social care services has led to increased numbers of micro-enterprises. Could these tiny organisations with just 5 or fewer employees be the best way of ... More


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