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The Computer Industry

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The first all-purpose digital computer, completed in 1946, was developed by John W. Mauchly and J. Prosper Eckert, and associates at the University of Pennsylvania’s Moore School of Electrical ... More


Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

B. Jack Copeland (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The mathematical genius Alan Turing (1912-1954) was one of the greatest scientists and thinkers of the 20th century. Now well known for his crucial wartime role in breaking the ENIGMA code, he was ... More


Personal Computers: The Power of Open Standards

Peter Grindley

in Standards, Strategy, and Policy: Cases and Stories

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288077
eISBN:
9780191684562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288077.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Strategy

This chapter discusses the introduction of the personal computer (PC) and how it became a principal example of the ability of open standards to focus on a new technology and create a new industry. ... More


Standards, Strategy, and Policy: Cases and Stories

Peter Grindley

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288077
eISBN:
9780191684562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288077.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Strategy

This book discusses how compatibility standards may be used to ensure business success. It provides a framework for standards strategy and policy, together with a series of case-studies which ... More


An Introduction to Strategy and Policy: Winning with Standards

Peter Grindley

in Standards, Strategy, and Policy: Cases and Stories

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288077
eISBN:
9780191684562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288077.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Strategy

This chapter introduces the framework for the status of a unique economics of standards including strategy and policy issues. Compatibility standard has been the key success, and the most significant ... More


Market Making in the Personal Computer Industry

Jason Dedrick and Kenneth L. Kraemer

in The Market Makers: How Retailers are Reshaping the Global Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199590179
eISBN:
9780191724893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590179.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

In this chapter, Jason Dedrick and Kenneth L. Kraemer analyze a transformation in the personal computer (PC) industry. In the traditional structure of the PC industry, PCs were marketed through a ... More


From Microcomputer to Music Computer: The MIDI Perspective

Peter Manning

in Electronic and Computer Music

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199746392
eISBN:
9780199332496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746392.003.0016
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Popular

The early years of the microcomputer were characterized by a proliferation of machine architectures, each associated with a unique set of operating characteristics. As a result, many models enjoyed a ... More


Mobilizing the Information Society

Robin Mansell

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295570
eISBN:
9780191685149
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295570.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Innovation

This book examines the interaction between social, regulatory, and market developments underlying the growing use of new technologies such as the personal computer and the Internet. Based upon ... More


The Personal Computer and Social Media

Paul E. Ceruzzi

in Social Media Archeology and Poetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034654
eISBN:
9780262336871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034654.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The use of digital computers to facilitate social interaction has not eclipsed the uses for which they were invented, but it often seems that way. That use requires an ability to network computers to ... More


Personal Computers and Sound Processing

Peter Manning

in Electronic and Computer Music

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195144840
eISBN:
9780199849802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144840.003.0018
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

In considering the development of the personal computer as a musical tool, attention has so far focused primarily on applications that make relatively modest demands on the underlying technology, for ... More


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