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Beyond Toleration: The Religious Origins of American Pluralism

Chris Beneke

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305555
eISBN:
9780199784899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305558.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Drawing on pamphlets and broadsides, newspaper exchanges, document collections, personal diaries, church records, and legislative journals, this book engages the question of how early Americans ... More


Beyond Religious Freedom: The New Global Politics of Religion

Elizabeth Shakman Hurd

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691166094
eISBN:
9781400873814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166094.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In recent years, North American and European nations have sought to legally remake religion in other countries through an unprecedented array of international initiatives. Policymakers have rallied ... More


Marcellus

Sara Parvis

in Marcellus of Ancyra and the Lost Years of the Arian Controversy 325-345

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280131
eISBN:
9780191603792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280134.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter presents Marcellus as the ambitious and capable young canon law-maker responsible for the 314 Synod of Ancyra, with its 25 canons on penance, the recent persecution, and other subjects. ... More


The ‘Eusebians’ in Action

David M. Gwynn

in The Eusebians: The Polemic of Athanasius of Alexandria and the Construction of the `Arian Controversy'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199205554
eISBN:
9780191709425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205554.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines Athanasius’ presentation of the ‘Eusebians’ in action, particularly in the Historia Arianorum and the other works of his third exile (356-62). Those actions include the writing ... More


 Peculiar People and Loneliness at the Top: Election and Exile

Terryl C. Givens

in People of Paradox: A History of Mormon Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167115
eISBN:
9780199785599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167115.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Mormons believe they are an elect, covenant people. Persecution, rhetoric of chosenness, and physical isolation, all emphasize blessed distinctness. But Mormons also suffer a history and a psychology ... More


Religion and Politics: The West, Islam, Byzantium

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Early Christianity saw church and state as separate. Early Islam conceived a single 'umma under a single caliphate. It prescribed an all-embracing Shari'a. But after Constantine Christianity brought ... More


 The Plague of Dissent: And the Rise of Toleration

Chris Beneke

in Beyond Toleration: The Religious Origins of American Pluralism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305555
eISBN:
9780199784899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305558.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The story opens in the first three decades of the 18th century when dissenters were still treated as political subversives and unorthodox doctrines still compared to contagious diseases. This chapter ... More


Ethics in an Age of Terror and Genocide: Identity and Moral Choice

Kristen Renwick Monroe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151373
eISBN:
9781400840366
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151373.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

What causes genocide? Why do some stand by, doing nothing, while others risk their lives to help the persecuted? This book analyzes riveting interviews with bystanders, Nazi supporters, and rescuers ... More


World of Faith and Freedom: Why International Religious Liberty Is Vital to American National Security

Thomas F. Farr

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179958
eISBN:
9780199869749
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179958.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The global resurgence of public religion has major implications for America's vital interests abroad and its security at home. The 1979 Shiite revolution in Iran, the Catholic contribution to the ... More


Toleration as Impartiality? Civil and Ecclesiastical Toleration in Jean Barbeyrac

Petter Korkman

in Natural Law and Toleration in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265406
eISBN:
9780191760457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265406.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Jean Barbeyrac is a seminal figure in the history of natural law doctrine and one who, as a Huguenot refugee, had much to say on the topic of toleration. For Barbeyrac, natural law offered a secular ... More


Aspects of the ‘Great’ Persecution * †

G. E. M. De Ste. Croix

in Christian Persecution, Martyrdom, and Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199278121
eISBN:
9780191707872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278121.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter reprints Ste. Croix's 1954 Harvard Theological Review article on the ‘Great’ Persecution of the early 4th century, when Diocletian and his imperial colleagues issued four edicts of ... More


Religious Freedom in the Liberal State

Rex Ahdar and Ian Leigh

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253623
eISBN:
9780191719769
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253623.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

There is a growing recognition of the challenge that religions pose for pluralist, multicultural democracies. ‘Fundamentalist’ beliefs and practices test the limits of religious freedom, and seem to ... More


Riding the Dragon: The Case of China

Thomas F. Farr

in World of Faith and Freedom: Why International Religious Liberty Is Vital to American National Security

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179958
eISBN:
9780199869749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179958.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

China is the largest and, arguably, the most consequential nation for American interests. It has a huge conventional and nuclear military establishment, is a permanent member of the UN Security ... More


Were the Jews a Persecuted Minority?

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the arguments set forth to explain why the Jews became a population of skilled craftsmen, traders, bankers, and physicians and why they created a worldwide urban diaspora. These ... More


Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany

Robert Gellately

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205609
eISBN:
9780191676697
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205609.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Nazis never won a majority in free elections, but soon after Hitler took power most Germans turned away from democracy and backed the Nazi regime. Hitler was able to win growing support even as ... More


Who Rides the Beast?: Prophetic Rivalry and the Rhetoric of Crisis in the Churches of the Apocalypse

Paul B. Duff

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138351
eISBN:
9780199834150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513835X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Owing to its powerful anti‐Roman polemic, the book of Revelation was traditionally thought to have been written to encourage believers to stand fast in the face of the Roman persecution. Recent ... More


Putting Natural Law Principles into Practice

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses how a number of efforts were made to promote human rights internationally over a period of almost two centuries, from the start of the antislavery movement in Britain. However, ... More


Perfect Martyr: Situating Stephen within Acts

Shelly Matthews

in Perfect Martyr: The Stoning of Stephen and the Construction of Christian Identity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195393323
eISBN:
9780199866618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393323.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Acts might be considered as holding an eccentric view on early Christian martyrdom through its focus on Stephen, who is otherwise unknown before Irenaeus, and through its silence concerning deaths of ... More


Was There a Crisis Behind Revelation?: An Introduction to the Problem

Paul B. Duff

in Who Rides the Beast?: Prophetic Rivalry and the Rhetoric of Crisis in the Churches of the Apocalypse

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138351
eISBN:
9780199834150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513835X.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Sets out the problem that gives rise to the rest of the book, the observation that the narrative world of the book of Revelation does not match what we know about the real world that Christians in ... More


Belief and ageing: Spiritual pathways in later life

Peter G. Coleman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424600
eISBN:
9781447301530
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424600.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Based on forty years' interviewing experience, this book illustrates the variety of religious, spiritual, and other beliefs held by older people. It provides models of research procedure, especially ... More


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