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Kant: 22 April 1724–12 February 1804

Martin Wight

in Four Seminal Thinkers in International Theory: Machiavelli, Grotius, Kant, and Mazzini

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273676
eISBN:
9780191602771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273677.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Kant was the greatest of modern philosophers. He held that we have knowledge of the phenomenal world alone; of the realm of the noumenal we have only moral experience. But he had moral passion in his ... More


Commerce and the European Commonwealth in 1800

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter shows how Fichte's response to Kant's essay Perpetual Peace culminated in The Closed Commercial State. Kant's essay defined the legal character of a peaceful international community. It ... More


Teleology, Rational Faith, and Context Dependence

Alexander Kaufman

in Welfare in the Kantian State

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294672
eISBN:
9780191599637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294670.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

If a society is to realize a rightful civil condition, the metaphysical principles of right specified in the Rechtslehre must be embodied in positive legislation. Kant's account of teleological ... More


Europe in the World: Towards Perpetual Peace

John McCormick

in Europeanism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556212
eISBN:
9780191721830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556212.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 8 examines the qualities of Europeanism as they relate to perceptions about relations between Europe and the rest of the world. After centuries of assertion—expressed most obviously by ... More


: The Gulf between Nature and Freedom and Nature's Guarantee of Perpetual Peace

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay examines the relation between Kant's Toward Perpetual Peace and the nature–freedom problem posed in the third Critique. The problem concerns the “immense gulf,” which separates the ... More


Introduction

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's focus, namely Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814), whose investigation of the idea of perpetual peace culminated in his Der geschlossene ... More


State Sovereignty, Federation and Kant's Cosmopolitanism

Garrett Wallace Brown

in Grounding Cosmopolitanism: From Kant to the Idea of a Cosmopolitan Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748638819
eISBN:
9780748652822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638819.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the role of states in Kant's cosmopolitan federation and attempts to clarify the relationship between the rights of states and the concept of cosmopolitan law. It explores ... More


The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Isaac Nakhimovsky

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book presents an important new account of Johann Gottlieb Fichte's Closed Commercial State, a major early nineteenth-century development of Rousseau and Kant's political thought. This book shows ... More


Policing Humanity: Immanuel Kant, Sayyid Quṭb, and Shades of Empire

Murad Idris

in War for Peace: Genealogies of a Violent Ideal in Western and Islamic Thought

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190658014
eISBN:
9780190658045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190658014.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the opposition between productive war and purposeless violence through Immanuel Kant’s and Sayyid Quṭb’s writings on peace. Kant criticizes colonialism, but he passively ... More


Hospitality, Sovereignty, and Democratic Iterations

Seyla Benhabib

in Another Cosmopolitanism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195183221
eISBN:
9780199851041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183221.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

At the center of much of this chapter's disagreement with Jeremy Waldron is interpreting Immanuel Kant's doctrine of jus cosmopoliticum, which can be rendered into English as “cosmopolitan right” or ... More


<i>Shanti</i>: Peace, Violence, and the Paradigm of Non-violence

Koneru Ramakrishna Rao

in Gandhi's Dharma

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199477548
eISBN:
9780199090921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199477548.003.0011
Subject:
History, Indian History, Political History

This chapter contains extended discussion on matters relating to war and peace and the relevance of Gandhi’s ideas to perpetual peace; it reveals how Gandhi’s ideas complement and go beyond those ... More


Kant’s Liberal Internationalism

Steven B. Smith

in Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Modernity has created an age of globalization. Immanuel Kant was the first writer to connect the Enlightenment’s belief in an age of reason and criticism with the emergence of a new international ... More


Rest in Peace

Geoffrey Bennington

in Kant on the Frontier: Philosophy, Politics, and the Ends of the Earth

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780823275977
eISBN:
9780823277193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823275977.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Perpetual peace” proposes a number of confusing arguments about the disappearance of frontiers in cosmopolitanism and their necessary maintenance in internationalism. Given pervasive images of death ... More


: Teleology and History in Kant: The Critical Foundations of Kant's Philosophy of History

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The essay examines Kant's thesis that “All natural predispositions of a creature are determined sometime to develop themselves completely and purposively” which is the initial proposition of “The ... More


Cosmopolitanism in Politics: Realizing the Universal

James D. Ingram

in Radical Cosmopolitics: The Ethics and Politics of Democratic Universalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231161107
eISBN:
9780231536417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161107.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter centers around political cosmopolitanism, which seeks to convert the principles of moral-ethical universalism into practical-political terms. In this sense, politics is understood in the ... More


Nonviolence: The Central Philosophical Paradox

Chibli Mallat

in Philosophy of Nonviolence: Revolution, Constitutionalism, and Justice beyond the Middle East

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199394203
eISBN:
9780199394234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199394203.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Private International Law, Philosophy of Law

At the center of nonviolence as the nexus of history lies a paradox: the reality of a nonviolent revolution and the impossibility of the nonviolent state. The Chapter starts with a brief argument on ... More


Kantian Cosmopolitanism: Perpetual Peace

Genevieve Lloyd

in Enlightenment Shadows

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669561
eISBN:
9780191757013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669561.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers a reading of Kant’s essay Perpetual Peace. Echoing his earlier essays on enlightenment, Kant argues that a cosmopolitan future is implicit in Nature’s purposes for humanity, and ... More


Perpetual Peace and the Cosmopolitan Constitution

Alec Stone Sweet and Clare Ryan

in A Cosmopolitan Legal Order: Kant, Constitutional Justice, and the European Convention on Human Rights

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198825340
eISBN:
9780191864049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825340.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

In Toward Perpetual Peace among States (1795), Kant outlined a blueprint for achieving peace and Right on the basis of six preliminary and three definitive articles, which are stated in the form of a ... More


The Growth of Peace Consciousness: From the Enlightenment to The Hague

John Gittings

in The Glorious Art of Peace: From the Iliad to Iraq

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199575763
eISBN:
9780191804458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199575763.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

The rise of the nation-state along with the revolution in military technique prompted peace thinkers of the Enlightenment to take the first steps towards serious consideration of an international ... More


Kant on the Frontier: Philosophy, Politics, and the Ends of the Earth

Geoffrey Bennington

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780823275977
eISBN:
9780823277193
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823275977.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Frontier: the border between two countries; the limits of civilization; the bounds of established knowledge; a new field of activity. At a time when all frontiers (borders, boundaries, margins, ... More


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