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American Juvenile Justice

Franklin E. Zimring

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This volume discusses criminology and policy analysis of adolescence. The focus is on the principles and policy of a separate and distinct system of juvenile justice. The book opens with an ... More


The role of the media in women’s penal reform1

Gemma Birkett

in Women and Criminal Justice: From the Corston Report to Transforming Rehabilitation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447319306
eISBN:
9781447319320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447319306.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

While there exists a broad political consensus about the unnecessary overuse of short custodial sentences for non-violent women a number of obstacles to the successful realisation of this strategy ... More


Punishment and Responsibility: Essays in the Philosophy of Law

H.L.A. Hart

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534777
eISBN:
9780191720703
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534777.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This classic collection of essays, first published in 1968, has had an enduring impact on academic and public debates about criminal responsibility and criminal punishment. Forty years on, its ... More


Gift capacity

Hyland Richard

in Gifts: A Study in Comparative Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195343366
eISBN:
9780199867776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343366.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter discusses the capacity needed to give and receive gifts. It considers the restrictions imposed by legal systems on gift giving by minors, adult incompetents, those suffering civil death, ... More


The Constraints of Discourse

David A Green

in When Children Kill Children: Penal Populism and Political Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230969
eISBN:
9780191696497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230969.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter employs discourse analysis to study changing cultural penal sensibilities and penal culture. It draws upon the political science literature on knowledge utilization to show how the range ... More


Is Twenty-first Century Punishment Post-desert?

Matt Matravers

in Retributivism Has a Past: Has It a Future?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199798278
eISBN:
9780199919376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199798278.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter offers a brief introduction to how one might think about penal policies in an abstract context. Having rejected the desert thesis, it argues that “an entitlement to proportionality in ... More


The Politics of Crime Control: Essays in Honour of David Downes

Tim Newburn and Paul Rock (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199565955
eISBN:
9780191701948
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565955.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book brings together ten leading British criminologists to explore the contemporary politics of crime and its control. The volume is produced in honour of Britain's most important criminological ... More


Punishment and Democracy: Three Strikes and You're Out in California

Franklin E. Zimring, Gordon Hawkins, and Sam Kamin

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195171174
eISBN:
9780199849765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171174.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

“Getting tough on crime” has been one of the favorite rallying cries of American politicians in the last two decades, and “getting tough” on repeat offenders has been particularly popular. “Three ... More


Welfare, punishment and neoliberalism

Ian Cummins

in Poverty, Inequality and Social Work: The Impact of Neo-Liberalism and Austerity Politics on Welfare Provision

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447334804
eISBN:
9781447334859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447334804.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines the broader impact of neoliberalism on welfare and penal policy, arguing that there has been an ideological and culture shift, which can be summarised as follows: the War on ... More


Responsibility, Restoration, and Retribution

R. A. Duff

in Retributivism Has a Past: Has It a Future?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199798278
eISBN:
9780199919376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199798278.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Retributivism, the idea that what justifies criminal punishment is that it is deserved for past criminal wrongdoing, famously (or notoriously) underwent a revival in the 1970s—a revival whose ... More


Citizen convicts: Prisoners, politics and the vote

Cormac Behan

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719088384
eISBN:
9781781707425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088384.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Prisoner enfranchisement remains one of the few contested electoral issues in twenty first century democracies. It is at the intersection of punishment and representative government. This book is the ... More


Bentham's Prison: A Study of the Panopticon Penitentiary

Janet Semple

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273875
eISBN:
9780191684074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273875.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

At the end of the 18th century, Jeremy Bentham devised a scheme for a prison that he called the panopticon. It soon became an obsession. For twenty years he tried to build it; in the end he failed, ... More


A New Look at Victim and Offender—An Abolitionist Approach

Thomas Mathiesen and Ole Kristian Hjemdal

in What is Criminology?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571826
eISBN:
9780191728839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571826.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter focuses on the concept of abolitionism. Abolition as a stance and academic abolitionism are two forms of theoretical abolitionism present in a time where the actual abolition of prisons ... More


Hubs and Spokes: The Transformation of the British Prison

Emma Kaufman

in The Borders of Punishment: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Exclusion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669394
eISBN:
9780191748752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669394.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Human Rights and Immigration

In 2006, the UK government initiated a wide-scale restructuring of both its migration control apparatus and its prison system, culminating in a broad new policy on foreign national prisoners, which ... More


Endnote: latest developments in penal policy

Rob Allen

in Tackling prison overcrowding: Build more prisons? Sentence fewer offenders?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421104
eISBN:
9781447303657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421104.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Since the King's College seminar, several proposals on sentencing and imprisonment have emerged. Some of these emerged during the height of the political and media concern about violent crimes. The ... More


Political change, penal continuity and prisoner enfranchisement

Cormac Behan

in Citizen convicts: Prisoners, politics and the vote

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719088384
eISBN:
9781781707425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088384.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines prisoner enfranchisement in the Republic of Ireland. As with many other jurisdictions, the issue was historically, socially and politically charged, with the debates and outcome ... More


Putting theories and moral sensibilities to work

Philip Whitehead

in Transforming Probation: Social Theories and the Criminal Justice System

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781447327653
eISBN:
9781447327677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327653.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter puts bodies of social theory assembled in chapter 2, and a history of moral sensibilities in chapter 3, to work within the interrelated fields of probation, criminal justice, and penal ... More


Public Attitudes and Punitive Policies

Tom R. Tyler and Lindsay E. Rankin

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0036
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter discusses how public attitudes help shape penal policy. It argues that law enforcement and the public have ambivalently embraced an instrumental approach, that is, the threat of or ... More


Risk and Human Rights: Ending Slopping Out in a Scottish Prison

Thérèse Murphy and Noel Whitty

in Judges, Transition, and Human Rights

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199204939
eISBN:
9780191695599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204939.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter looks towards the conflict between the issues of risk and human rights in penal policy and prison law in Great Britain. It provides a summary of literatures on risk and discusses the ... More


The Complications of Penal Federalism: American Exceptionalism or 50 Different Countries?

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Exceptionalism in Crime and Punishment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190203542
eISBN:
9780190203566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190203542.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter discusses two punishments most often mentioned as examples of American national exceptionalism—capital punishment and imprisonment. It examines the available data on state penal power ... More


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