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Classical Culture and Modern Masculinity

Daniel Orrells

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199236442
eISBN:
9780191728549
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236442.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Since Foucault's History of Sexuality, historians have traced in ever increasing detail the formation of modern sexual identities in the west. Relatively less attention has been addressed to ... More


Germanic Pederasty: The Evidence of the Classical Ethnographers

David Clark

in Between Medieval Men: Male Friendship and Desire in Early Medieval English Literature

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199558155
eISBN:
9780191721342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558155.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, Anglo-Saxon / Old English Literature

Chapter 2 reviews the ethnographical evidence available which suggests that the pre‐Migration Germanic tribes may have practised pederasty and same‐sex rites of initiation, also comparing accounts ... More


Double Entendre

Michael Fontaine

in Funny Words in Plautine Comedy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195341447
eISBN:
9780199866915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341447.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Taking as its point of focus Plautus’ adulescentes (young men), this chapter surveys double entendre ‐ that is, the jokes and puns in Plautus that involve a specifically sexual component ‐ as well as ... More


The Evolutionary Ethics of Alfred C. Kinsey

Frederick B. Churchill

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

As a student of William Morton Wheeler, Kinsey made his first contributions to biology, and adapted the taxonomic methods he had used in research on gall wasps to the study of human sexuality. The ... More


Andreia 1

Meriel Jones

in Playing the Man: Performing Masculinities in the Ancient Greek Novel

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570089
eISBN:
9780191738760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570089.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

without jeopardizing his masculinity. Masculinity is constructed in opposition to effeminacy, a discourse connected to pederastic ideology and to the sexual behaviours of moicheia (adultery) and ... More


Other Values and Interests, Weak Spots, and Blind Spots

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

in Aulus Gellius: An Antonine Scholar and his Achievement

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199263196
eISBN:
9780191718878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263196.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Gellius is tolerant in matters of sexual conduct, not being disturbed even by pederasty with ingenui, but his attitude to women reflects the rigorous sexism of Cato the Elder. He seems to show more ... More


Solving the Problem with Plato

Todd W. Reeser

in Setting Plato Straight: Translating Ancient Sexuality in the Renaissance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226307008
eISBN:
9780226307145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226307145.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The opening chapter serves as a kind of primer on the corpus of translations and commentaries treated in the book and on Renaissance interpretive practices, offering an overview of the intellectual ... More


The Gates of Germania: Space, Place, and Sexuality in Cornarius

Todd W. Reeser

in Setting Plato Straight: Translating Ancient Sexuality in the Renaissance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226307008
eISBN:
9780226307145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226307145.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Because medicine was central to the reception of Platonic sexuality and because a change in place implied a consequent change in cultural humors, questions of space and cultural customs are relevant ... More


Introduction: The Inch and Ells of Psalm 68:31

Roy Kay

in The Ethiopian Prophecy in Black American Letters

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813037325
eISBN:
9780813041582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037325.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter provides the methodological framework for the book. It argues that reading, particularly figural reading as articulated by Benjamin in the Passagen-Werk, is a material practice which ... More


Introduction: Knowledge and Desire, Ancient and Modern

Daniel Orrells

in Classical Culture and Modern Masculinity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199236442
eISBN:
9780191728549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236442.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The Introduction establishes the parameters for the book. It opens with a case‐study for what will follow: Thomas Cannon's illegal 1752 pamphlet comparing ancient and modern pederasty. The ... More


Paiderastia and the Contexts of German Historicism

Daniel Orrells

in Classical Culture and Modern Masculinity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199236442
eISBN:
9780191728549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236442.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter one examines the significance of the Socratic/Platonic teaching scene for the development of the philosophy of historicism in the German university in the eighteenth and early nineteenth ... More


Translating the Love of Philosophy: Jowett and Pater on Plato

Daniel Orrells

in Classical Culture and Modern Masculinity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199236442
eISBN:
9780191728549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236442.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter two takes account for the significance of German historical thought in Oxford in the second half of the nineteenth century. Benjamin Jowett, Regius Professor of Greek, helped to re‐organise ... More


The Case of John Addington Symonds

Daniel Orrells

in Classical Culture and Modern Masculinity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199236442
eISBN:
9780191728549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236442.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines how dangerous John Addington Symonds (Jowett's other famous pupil) thought the learning of classics to be, for both those men who desired women and those who desired other men. ... More


The Philosopher’s Love

Shadi Bartsch

in Persius: A Study in Food, Philosophy, and the Figural

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226241845
eISBN:
9780226241982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241982.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

What healthy vegetables and rich meatstuffs are to Persius’ metaphorical division of poetry into good and bad, friendship and sexuality are to his discussion of pedagogy as itself morally charged for ... More


The First Sodomite

Robert Mills

in Seeing Sodomy in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226169125
eISBN:
9780226169262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169262.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter focuses on the myth of Orpheus as it was mediated in medieval culture, with particular reference to Ovid’s discussion of Orpheus’s turn to “tender males” following his loss of Eurydice ... More


The Sex Lives of Monks

Robert Mills

in Seeing Sodomy in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226169125
eISBN:
9780226169262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169262.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter considers how twelfth-century monks in the abbey church of Vézelay experienced Ovid in translation. Undertaking a detailed analysis of carvings from the church’s sculpted capitals with ... More


Monstrous Love? Erotic Reciprocity in Aelian’s De natura animalium

Steven D. Smith

in Erôs in Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199605507
eISBN:
9780191745928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605507.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

In Aelian’s 3rd century miscellany De natura animalium (NA), the separation between the worlds of animal and human is not clearly demarcated when it comes to sexual desire. Several instances of ... More


Sodomite

in Monstrous Adversary: The Life of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236788
eISBN:
9781846313592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236788.003.0042
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter considers accusations of sexual crimes against Oxford, specifically, those made by his erstwhile friends, Henry Howard, Charles Arundel, and Francis Southwell. At the same time as they ... More


The Role of Roman Artefacts in E. P. Warren’s ‘Paederastic Evangel’

Jennifer Grove

in Ancient Rome and the Construction of Modern Homosexual Identities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199689729
eISBN:
9780191814044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689729.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter explores the classical collecting of Edward Perry Warren, best known for his eponymous ‘Warren Cup’, which features explicit images of Roman male–male sex; it argues that Warren intended ... More


The Nature of Beauty

David Konstan

in Beauty: The Fortunes of an Ancient Greek Idea

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199927265
eISBN:
9780190205508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927265.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter explores how beauty was understood in ancient Greece. In particular, the chapter examines the relationship between beauty and desire; beauty and gender (relations between men and women ... More


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