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Reparations and Microfinance Schemes

Hans Dieter Seibel and Andrea Armstrong

in The Handbook of Reparations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199291922
eISBN:
9780191603716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199291926.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Allocating reparation benefits to victims of civil rights abuses with a lasting effect on their well-being is a tremendous challenge. By converting benefit payments into shares and beneficiaries into ... More


Forwards and Futures

Tomas Björk

in Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199271269
eISBN:
9780191602849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271267.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses forward and futures contracts. It considers a fixed simple T-claim, □, at a time t. It shows that forward and futures contracts have the same claim □ as their underlying ... More


Defining “Illegitimate Debt”: When Creditors Should Be Liable for Improper Loans

Joseph Hanlon

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses the questions: why should poor countries be expected to repay the debts imposed upon them by unelected and repressive governments? Who should shoulder the burden of repaying ... More


Congressional Insolvency

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Provides background accounts of political development in the USA from the American War of Independence to the Philadelphia Convention, and establish that, by 1787, Congress was marked by military ... More


Payment in Pediatric Research

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the ethics of payment in pediatric research that does not offer the prospect of direct benefit (nontherapeutic research). It addresses the ethical objection that payment ... More


American Exceptionalism and International Organization: Lessons from the 1990s

Edward C. Luck

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Considers how domestic political processes affect American behaviour in and towards multilateral organizations. The author first discusses the nature of American exceptionalism and looks at the ways ... More


Hungary: Understanding Western Messages

László Valki

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the Western influence on the democratic consolidation in Hungary in the 1980s and the 90s, focusing primarily on problems and conflicts, yet pointing out the historically unprecedented task ... More


Epilogue

FRANCES HARRIS

in A Passion for Government: The Life of Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202240
eISBN:
9780191675232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202240.003.0024
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

When Sarah died, she was in possession of twenty-seven estates, all of which she acquired on her own, and this was equivalent to a large amount of capital value, and even an annual rent roll. She ... More


The End of Negotiable Instruments: Bringing Payment Systems Law Out of the Past

James Steven Rogers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199856220
eISBN:
9780199919574
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856220.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

When we make purchases [better word than ‘things?’], we need to use some system for making payment. Today we use checks, credit cards, debit cards, and various other electronic or semi-electronic ... More


Payments and Social Ties

Viviana A. Zelizer

in Economic Lives: How Culture Shapes the Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139364
eISBN:
9781400836253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139364.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter extends the analysis of earmarking by emphasizing the distinctions between three categories of monetary payments: gifts, entitlements, and compensation. It documents two points that ... More


Decreasing Liability Contracts and the Assistant Interest

Robert D. Cooter and Ariel Porat

in Getting Incentives Right: Improving Torts, Contracts, and Restitution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151595
eISBN:
9781400850396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151595.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter proposes a novel mechanism to solve the promisee's incentive problem: decreasing liability contracts. Compared to constant liability, a decreasing liability contract typically improves ... More


The Side Payments Game

Scott Barrett

in Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199286096
eISBN:
9780191602832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286094.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter considers the role that compensating payments can play in promoting international cooperation. The theory developed here explains that such payments cannot increase cooperation when ... More


1974—Marking Time

Douglas Wass

in Decline to Fall: The Making of British Macro-economic Policy and the 1976 IMF Crisis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534746
eISBN:
9780191715884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534746.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter looks at the origins of the inflation which struck the developed world in the early 1970s, and the huge balance of payments imbalances which followed the explosion of oil prices in 1973. ... More


Costs and Payoffs Are Instructions

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter states the problem of internally contradictory or ambiguous instructions; shows how the specification of costs, payoffs, and exchange rates solves it; and discusses necessary properties ... More


EU Agricultural Institutions and the CAP: Coping with GATT/WTO

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 6 moves from the global to the EU level to analyse the way in which the ideational shift of the global farm trade regime has influenced the development of EU agricultural policy institutions ... More


Globalization and International Economic Relations

ANDREW GLYN

in Capitalism Unleashed: Finance, Globalization, and Welfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226795
eISBN:
9780191710544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226795.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter examines the changing economic fortunes of the USA, currently restored to its position of pre-eminence amongst the rich countries. It then considers the challenge posed to the economies ... More


The Interwar Gold Standard in Operation

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This is the first of three chapters that consider the operation of the reconstructed gold standard system following World War I; it documents the decline in its credibility and in international ... More


Cost Containment versus National Health Insurance

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines the 10-year struggle of federal officials to introduce the measures of cost containment, discussing the effect this struggle had on the hope of national health insurance and ... More


The OECD and Global Finance: The Governance of New Issues, New Actors, and New Financial Frontiers

Tony Porter

in Mechanisms of OECD Governance: International Incentives for National Policy-Making?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199591145
eISBN:
9780191594601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591145.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 5 assesses the OECD's role in global finance. Most studies of the governance of global finance have considered the OECD as irrelevant. A great deal of attention has been devoted to ... More


Why We Should Care About Health Care Fragmentation and How To Fix It

Einer Elhauge

in The Fragmentation of U.S. Health Care: Causes and Solutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390131
eISBN:
9780199775934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390131.003.001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter summarizes all the other chapters and links them to a general theory of team production in health care. It defines what fragmentation means, the four levels at which it operates, and ... More


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