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Medical Safety and Neuroergonomics

Matthew Rizzo, Sean McEvoy, and John Lee

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers how neuroergonomics—the study of the brain and behavior at work in healthy and impaired states—is relevant to assessments and interventions in patient safety at the levels of ... More


Health risk and the patient safety agenda

Monica Shaw

in Risk, Safety and Clinical Practice: Health care through the lens of risk

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198569008
eISBN:
9780191717499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569008.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reflects on the UK Government's approach to tackling patient safety, and the complexities that arise with respect to developing the evidence base on which it is supposed to depend. It ... More


Clinical governance and patient safety: An overview

Sarah Hammond

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents an overview of clinical governance. It discusses the meaning of clinical governance, origins of clinical governance, and the regulatory bodies tasked with the assessment of ... More


An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Elizabeth Haxby, David Hunter, and Siân Jaggar (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Clinical governance is integral to healthcare and all doctors must have an understanding of both basic principles, and how to apply them in daily practice. Within the Clinical Governance framework, ... More


Risk identification

Elizabeth Haxby and Richard Hartopp

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Risk identification is key to a comprehensive risk management program that include clinical, operational, and financial risks. All NHS institutions are required by the National Health Service ... More


User feedback/surveys

Alison Wright

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0038
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Patient feedback and the associated assessment of the performance of health care professionals has increased in prominence in recent years. This is attributed partly to concerns around patient safety ... More


Communicating safety: With the public and the media

Murray Anderson-Wallace

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0042
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the challenge of communicating with the media and the public about healthcare quality and safety. The task is made difficult by factors such as the complexity of messages, risk ... More


Quality control, safety, and better practice

John Wright

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.16
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the following topics: aspects of quality in health; quality improvement methods; clinical audit; patient safety; evidence-based practice; clinical guidelines; and getting ... More


Risk awareness

Suzette Woodward

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Risk awareness is the recognition of the potential for hazards, risks, and incidents that occur within the healthcare environment and result in patient harm. Being risk aware means that individuals ... More


Patient and public involvement (PPI)

Rachel Matthews

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0035
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the importance of patient and public involvement (PPI). PPI increases the accountability of the NHS to the taxpayer. PPI can support service improvement and the concept of ... More


Effect of lack of sleep on medical errors

C.P. Landrigan

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the silent worldwide epidemic of medical error, and outlines what is known about the manner in which human cognitive limits and system complexity contribute to problems in ... More


Risk, Safety and Clinical Practice: Health care through the lens of risk

Bob Heyman, Andy Alaszewski, Monica Shaw, and Mike Titterton

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198569008
eISBN:
9780191717499
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569008.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

All too often, service users, health professionals, policy makers, educators, and researchers draw upon risk management frameworks without reflecting critically on their assumptions or limitations. ... More


Risk assessment

Alison Lovatt and Mel Johnson

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Risk assessments are undertaken to estimate the consequences and likelihood of a particular risk being realized. This chapter discusses risk assessment in healthcare, the risk assessment process, ... More


Clinical Information Systems

Simon Finney

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0034
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses clinical information systems (CIS). When properly implemented, clinical information systems can improve patient safety and reduce medical error. Decision support is a powerful ... More


Building a Culture of Safety From the Front Line in the United States

Rebecca Kolins Givan

in The Challenge to Change: Reforming Health Care on the Front Line in the United States and the United Kingdom

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780801450051
eISBN:
9781501706028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450051.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter expounds on Chapter 5, which exemplifies the bottom-up change in the United Kingdom. It particularly discusses the bottom-up change initiated in hospitals in the United States. One of ... More


Healthcare networks

Angela Walsh

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0044
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Clinical networks are described as linked groups of health professionals and organizations from primary, secondary, and tertiary care, working in a co-ordinated manner, unconstrained by existing ... More


Sociological Reconfigurations of Patient Safety: Situated Intervention as Multiple Ontologies

Teun Zuiderent-Jerak

in Situated Intervention: Sociological Experiments in Health Care

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029384
eISBN:
9780262329439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029384.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Sociological interventions in national improvement programs are the topic of this chapter. It deals with a sociological evaluation of a large improvement program for care of older adults. This was a ... More


Patient Safety and Medical Malpractice

A. Sloan Frank and M. Chepke Lindsey

in Medical Malpractice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195720
eISBN:
9780262283809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195720.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter shows that despite all the national attention on the issue of medical errors, surprisingly little progress has been made in implementing error reduction systems. This is partly because ... More


Complaints and claims

Ruth Symons

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Complaints and claims in the National Health Service (NHS) are managed in accordance with national guidance and legislation. Analysis of complaints and claims data, together with patient-safety ... More


Communication with staff

Robert Craig

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0046
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses effective communication in hospitals. Hospitals offer a multitude of challenges for effective communication, but good communication is possible when it is recognized that the ... More


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