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The aetiology of SARS: Koch's postulates fulfilled

Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus, Ron A. M. Fouchier, and Thijs Kuiken

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter describes the experimental studies demonstrating that the virus SARS-CoV is the aetiological agent of the disease SARS. Clinical and post-mortem specimens from 436 SARS patients in six ... More


Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Jens Rolff and Stuart Reynolds (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Under continual attack from both microbial pathogens and multicellular parasites, insects must cope with immune challenges every day of their lives. However, this has not prevented them from becoming ... More


Endophytes and Host-Plant Herbivore Relationships

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Perhaps the most well-studied attribute of endophyte-infected grasses is their ability to produce alkaloids. These endophytic alkaloids fall into four general classes: 1) pyrrolopyrazine alkaloids; ... More


Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Many infectious diseases of recent concern, including malaria, cholera, plague, and Lyme disease, have emerged from complex ecological communities involving multiple hosts and their associated ... More


Blights, Rusts, and Rots Never Sleep: A Look at Forestry and Agriculture, Biological Warfare, and the Global Impact of Fungal Disease

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter explores the future of the ongoing competition between humans and fungi for control of the biosphere. The emerging diseases of white pine blister rust, sudden oak death, jarrah dieback, ... More


Bioinvasions and Globalization: Ecology, Economics, Management, and Policy

Charles Perrings, Harold Mooney, and Mark Williamson (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199560158
eISBN:
9780191721557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560158.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Bioinvasions and Globalization synthesises our current knowledge of the ecology and economics of biological invasions, providing an in-depth evaluation of the science and its ... More


The Geography of Disease Transmission

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses various applications of ecological niche modeling in the study of the geography and ecology of disease transmission. Niche modeling approaches have many applications in the ... More


Community epidemiology

Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The purpose of this book is to highlight exciting recent advances in theoretical and empirical research which has been conducted towards a greater understanding of the importance of community ... More


Extending the principles of community ecology to address the epidemiology of host-pathogen systems

Robert D. Holt and Andrew P. Dobson

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Most emerging diseases involve more than one host, and many involve complex host-pathogen communities. The epidemiology of host-pathogen communities is explored through the analysis of ‘community ... More


Community ecology meets epidemiology: the case of Lyme disease

Richard Ostfeld, Felicia Keesing, and Katheleen Lo Giudice

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

A single case of Lyme disease involves at least six species: the human patient, the bacterial pathogen, the tick vector, and a vertebrate host for each of the three blood-feeding life stages of the ... More


Influenza as a model system for studying the cross-species transfer and evolution of the SARS coronavirus

Robin M. Bush

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The influenza virus is perhaps the most intensely studied of human pathogens. Effective vaccines have been available for over fifty years, yet influenza continues to present a major threat to public ... More


What have we learnt from SARS?

Robin A. Weiss and Angela R. McLean

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

With outbreaks of infectious disease emerging from animal sources, we have learned to expect the unexpected. We were and are expecting a new influenza A pandemic, but no one predicted the emergence ... More


Robert Koch: Pure Science?

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0076
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The cellular pathology of Virchow made a fundamental new orientation possible thus he is considered as the “icon of an era.” The new methods adopted by Virchow enabled him and many other physicians ... More


Metamorphosis

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses fungus that infects insects. The Cordyceps fungus, for instance, is capable of piercing the chitinous exoskeleton of insects. Although Cordyceps poses no threat to humans, its ... More


Specificity of the innate immune system: a closer look at the mosquito pattern-recognition receptor repertoire

Suchismita Das, Yuemei Dong, Lindsey Garver, and George Dimopoulos

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The insect innate immune system is encoded by three major functional categories of genes that are involved in (1) recognition of invading microbes; (2) immune-signal amplification and transduction; ... More


Costs and genomic aspects of Drosophila immunity to parasites and pathogens

Alex R. Kraaijeveld and Bregje Wertheim

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter begins by focusing on the parasites and pathogens known to attack or infect D. melanogaster (or other Drosophila species), from macro-parasites, such as parasitoids and mites to ... More


Perspective

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195169270
eISBN:
9780199783427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169271.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses the modes of transmission, worldwide distribution, and environmental conditions necessary for the spread of HIV. It explains the epidemiological framework for understanding ... More


New Pathogens, and Morality

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0019
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the nonexistence of demons and the microorganisms in new medicine and examines the pathogens in new medicine. Cold, dampness, wind, heat, dryness, immoderation or excesses in ... More


Wash Your Hands, Keep the Germs Away

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0077
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines the views of experts from the nineteenth century on the reasons that lead to the sickness of an individual. Some believed that pathogens were responsible for sickness. Others ... More


Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Jerome O. Nriagu and Eric P. Skaar (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Many parts of the world endemic for the most common infectious diseases have the highest prevalence rates of trace metal deficiencies and increasing rates of trace metal pollution. The co-clustering ... More


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