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Partisan Competition and Welfare State Retrenchment: When Do Politicians Choose Unpopular Policies?

Herbert Kitschelt

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the implications of electoral politics and the design of political institutions for welfare state adjustment. Kitschelt's main proposition is that the strategic ... More


Party Systems and Structures of Competition

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on political party systems and structures of competition, and presents an overall review. In the first section, Approaches to the Classification of Party Systems: ... More


Electoral and Party Competition: Analytical Dimensions and Empirical Problems

Stefano Bartolini

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Focuses on the concept of electoral and party competition as the key mechanism leading party elites to respond to the preferences of voters. While competition is of central importance in both ... More


Introduction: Reviewing and Reassessing Parties

José Ramón Montero and Richard Gunther

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Some scholars have concluded that the existing literature on parties is sufficient, and that there is little more that can be learned through additional study in the aftermath of a century of ... More


Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Richard Gunther, José Ramón Montero, and Juan J. Linz (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is one in a series (Comparative Politics) for students and teachers of political science that deals with contemporary issues in comparative government and politics. After an introduction, ... More


What Is Different About Post‐Communist Party Systems? 1

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of three chapters on political party systems and structures of competition, and looks at post-communist party systems in Europe. The author’s intention is to explore some ... More


The Consequences of Mexico's Mixed‐Member Electoral System, 1988–1997

Jeffrey A. Weldon

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mexico has experimented with mixed‐member electoral systems for many years, is probably the second oldest mixed‐member system after Germany, and has modified its mixed system more than any other ... More


The Politics of Party Funding: State Funding to Political Parties and Party Competition in Western Europe

Michael Koß

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199572755
eISBN:
9780191595103
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572755.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Recently there has been a convergence of party funding regimes across Western Europe. The driving force behind this process has been the introduction of state funding to political parties. Why is ... More


Electoral Markets and Stable States

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of three chapters on political party systems and structures of competition, and looks at electoral markets in Europe. It begins by clarifying the term ‘electoral markets’ in the ... More


The Decision (Not) to Vote

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

in Political Choice in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

First tests rival models of voting turnout using data drawn from the 2001 BES pre- and post-election surveys. Analyses reveal that the general incentives model performs best. Crucial individual-level ... More


Ireland: The Discreet Charm of PR‐STV

Michael Gallagher

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0025
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Ireland is among the few countries to employ proportional representation by the single transferable vote (STV), an electoral system that is highly rated by many researchers in the field. In the Irish ... More


Party Organization and Party Performance: The Case of the French Socialist Party

Serenella Sferza

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Much of the literature on parties centres on decline and failure, but recently the decline hypothesis has come under attack on both empirical and theoretical grounds, and this has exposed major ... More


Challenging the State: Devolution and the Battle for Partisan Credibility: A Comparison of Belgium, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom

Sonia Alonso

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691579
eISBN:
9780191741234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691579.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

How do state parties react to the challenge of peripheral parties demanding political power to be devolved to their culturally distinct territories? Is devolution the best response to these demands? ... More


France: Never a Golden Age

Andrew Knapp

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

General Charles de Gaulle, founder of the Fifth French Republic in 1958, was a bitter opponent of the unchecked power of political parties, for which he blamed the failure of earlier Republics, but ... More


Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Lawrence Ezrow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Democracy depends on parties to articulate the political preferences of citizens. Do parties perform this crucial function? This book moves beyond conjecture to address empirically the degree to ... More


Challenges to Parliamentary Democracy

Kaare Strøm, Wolfgang C. Müller, and Torbjörn Bergman

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In this chapter, we take a closer look at democratic accountability outcomes. The evidence strongly and broadly suggests that cohesive and competitive political parties and governments help reduce ... More


The Causes of Electoral Reform in Japan

Steven R. Reed and Michael F. Thies

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter, on the causes of electoral reform in Japan, reviews the movement from an extreme electoral (hyper‐personalistic) system in which candidates of the same party competed against one ... More


Party Leaders with Policy Preferences

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter adapts the dynamic model of multiparty competition to take into account the possibility that party leaders take their own preferences into account when they set party policy. If they do ... More


Using Theoretical Models to Analyze Real Party Systems

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Having specified theoretical models of multiparty competition in the first ten chapters of the book, this chapter analyzes recent party competition in postwar democracies in order to verify whether ... More


Introduction: State Funding to Political Parties and the Convergence of Party Funding Regimes

Michael Koß

in The Politics of Party Funding: State Funding to Political Parties and Party Competition in Western Europe

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199572755
eISBN:
9780191595103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572755.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter briefly discusses the convergence of party funding regimes and introduces the proposed link between party competition and the outcome of party funding reforms. This link results from the ... More


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